Docibilis II of Gaeta

Docibilis II of Gaeta
File:Gaeta Ducal Palace.jpg
Ruins of the ducal palace of Docibilis II in Gaeta. In his last will (954) it was described as having "rooms, corridors, baths, aviaries, kitchens and courtyards down to the sea."

Docibilis II (Italian: Docibile) (c. 880 – c. 954) was the ruler of Gaeta, in one capacity or another, from 906 until his death.

He was the son of the hypatus John I, who made him co-ruler in 906 or thereabouts.

Docibilis took part in the Battle of Garigliano in 915. In 930, he began adding the title of duke, or dux, to his title of hypatus, or ypatus. This was meant to signify a new status or rank, though the Byzantine Empire, to which he was always legally a vassal, always recognised him merely as archon, αρχον. His father died in 933 or 934, and he subsequently became sole ruler. At that juncture, he began asserting his independence from the Byzantines. He abandoned the imperial dating by which charters were dated by the year of the emperor's reign and allied with Theobald I of Spoleto against the Greeks.

Likewise, his wife Orania took the title of duchess, ducissa, alongside ypatissa, and he associated his son, John II, with him in the dukeship. In 939 he removed the style hypatus and began calling himself consul. He married his daughter Maria to the prince of Capua, to strengthen his ties to the rest of the local Italian nobility. Atenulf Megalu, the gastald of Aquino, fled to Docibilis' protection, but none of this bettered his relations with the Lombard princes: he was attacked by Landulf I of Benevento and lost some territory. Later on, he even imprisoned the abbot of Monte Cassino and was not above allying with the Saracens against which he had once fought. He was succeeded by his son John and later Gregory, and he gave Fondi to his son Marinus, with the title of dux, effectively splitting the duchy of Gaeta in two parts. His other son Leo received the Church of San Erasmo at Formia from John II and Docibilis left many daughters besides Maria: Anna, Gemma, Drosu, and Megalu.

He died after 954 and before 957.


  • Caravale, Mario (ed). Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani XL Di Fausto – Donadoni. Rome, 1991.
Preceded by
John I
Duke of Gaeta
933 – 954
Succeeded by
John II

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Docibilis I of Gaeta — The square tower of the Castle of Itri, attributed to Docibilis I. Docibilis I (Italian: Docibile; died before 914) was the Hypatus of Gaeta from 867 until his death. The sudden disappearance of the co hypati Constantine and Marinus I after 866… …   Wikipedia

  • Gaeta — • Archdiocese in the province of Caserta in Campania (Southern Italy) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Gaeta     Gaeta     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Gaeta — Infobox CityIT img coa = Gaeta stemma.gif official name = Comune di Gaeta name = Gaeta region = Lazio province = Latina (LT) elevation m = 2 area total km2 = 28 population as of = December 31, 2004 population total = 21522 population density km2 …   Wikipedia

  • Gregory of Gaeta — Gregory was the Duke of Gaeta from 963 until his death. He was the second son of Docibilis II of Gaeta and his wife Orania. He succeeded his brother John II, who had left only daughters. Gregory rapidly depleted the publicum (public land) of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Marinus II of Gaeta — Marinus II was the son of Docibilis II of Gaeta and Orania of Naples. He was made dux of Fondi by his father and his elder brother John II recognised this title. After his brother Gregory, who succeeded John, died, Marinus succeeded to the duchy… …   Wikipedia

  • Duchy of Gaeta — The square tower of the Castle of Itri, attributed to Docibilis I. The Duchy of Gaeta was an early medieval state centred on the coastal South Italian city of Gaeta. It began in the early ninth century as the local community began to grow… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Hypati and Dukes of Gaeta — This is a list of the hypati, patricians, consuls, and dukes of Gaeta. Many of the dates are uncertain and sometimes the status of the rulership, with co rulers and suzerain vassal relations, is vague. Contents 1 Greek Dynasty 1.1 Hypati 1.2… …   Wikipedia

  • Constantine of Gaeta — Constantine was the first known Hypatus of Gaeta from 839 or thereabouts until he disappears from records abruptly in 866. From the abruptness of his disappearance, he is often supposed to have been desposed violently by his successor Docibilis I …   Wikipedia

  • John I of Gaeta — John I (died 933 or 934) was the second hypatus of Gaeta of his dynasty, a son of Dociblis I and Matrona, and perhaps the greatest of medieval Gaetan rulers. He began his rule as an associate of his father from either 867, right after his father… …   Wikipedia

  • Leo I of Gaeta — Leo I, [The enumeration of the rulers of Gaeta is not standardised and Leo sometimes appears as Leo II.] called the Usurper, was the usurping consul and duke of Gaeta on two quite separate occasions. He was the son of one Docibilis, a relative of …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.