Executor


Executor

An executor, in the broadest sense, is one who carries something out (in other words, one who is responsible for executing a task).

Contents

Overview

Executor (female form: sing. = executrix, pl. = executrices) is also a legal term referring to a person named by a maker of a will, or nominated by the testator, to carry out the directions of the will. Typically, the executor is the person responsible for offering the will for probate, although it is not absolutely required that he or she do so. The executor's duties also include the disbursement of property to the beneficiaries as designated in the will, obtaining information about any other potential heirs, collecting and arranging for payment of debts of the estate and approving or disapproving creditors' claims. An executor also makes sure estate taxes are calculated, necessary forms are filed and tax payments made, and in all ways assists the attorney for the estate. Also the executor makes all donations as left in bequests to charitable and other organizations as directed in the will. In most circumstances the executor is the representative of the estate for all purposes, and has the ability to sue or be sued on behalf of the estate. The executor also holds legal title to the estate property, but may not use that property for the executor's own benefit unless expressly permitted by the terms of the will.

A person who deals with a deceased person's property without proper authority is known as an executor de son tort. Such a person's actions may subsequently be ratified by the lawful executors or administrators if the actions do not contradict the substantive provisions of the deceased's will or the rights of heirs at law.

Where there is no will, a person is said to have died intestate - "without testimony". As a result, there can be no actual 'testimony' to follow, and hence there can be no executor. If there is no will or where the executors named in a will do not wish to act, an administrator of the deceased's estate may instead be appointed. The generic term for executors or administrators is personal representative. In England and Wales, when a person dies intestate in a nursing home, and has no family members who can be traced, those responsible for their care automatically become their executors, a fact which "few realise."[1]

Under Scottish law, a personal representative of any kind is referred to as an executor, using executor nominate to refer to an executor and executor dative to an administrator.

See also

References

  1. ^ Hurren, Elizabeth (May 2002). "Patients' rights: from Alder Hey to the Nuremberg Code" (in English). History & Policy. United Kingdom: History & Policy. http://www.historyandpolicy.org/papers/policy-paper-03.html. Retrieved 9 December 2010. 

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Executor — Genre Combat lourd Type Super Destroyer Stellaire Constructeur Chantiers navals Kuat Chantiers navals Fondor[Note 1] Longueur 19 kilomètres …   Wikipédia en Français

  • executor — ex·ec·u·tor /ig ze kyə tər/ n: a person named by a testator to execute or carry out the instructions in a will compare administrator Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • executor — EXECUTÓR, OÁRE, executori, oare, adj. Executant. ♢ (Substantivat) Executor testamentar = persoană însărcinată să aducă la îndeplinire dispoziţiile din testamentul cuiva. Executor judecătoresc = funcţionar însărcinat cu îndeplinirea unor acte de… …   Dicționar Român

  • executor — executor( trix) /agzekatar/ A person appointed by a testator to carry out the directions and requests in his will, and to dispose of the property according to his testamentary provisions after his decease. In re Silverman s Estate, 6 Ill.App.3d… …   Black's law dictionary

  • executor — executor( trix) /agzekatar/ A person appointed by a testator to carry out the directions and requests in his will, and to dispose of the property according to his testamentary provisions after his decease. In re Silverman s Estate, 6 Ill.App.3d… …   Black's law dictionary

  • Executor — Ex*ec u*tor, n. [L. executor, exsecutor: cf. F. ex[ e]cuteur. Cf. {Executer}.] 1. One who executes or performs; a doer; as, an executor of baseness. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. An executioner. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Delivering o er to executors paw?… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • executor — |z...ô| adj. s. m. 1. Que ou aquele que executa. • s. m. 2. Carrasco. (Também se diz executor de alta justiça.) …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • executor — [ek′si kyo͞ot΄ər; ] for 2 [ eg zek′yo͞o tər, igzek′yə tər; eg zek′yətər, ig zek′yətər] n. [ME executour < OFr & ML executor, both < L executus, exsecutus, pp. of exequi, exsequi, to follow up, pursue < ex , intens. + sequi, to follow:… …   English World dictionary

  • Execūtor — (lat.), Vollstrecker, Vollzieher. E. testamenti, Testamentsvollstrecker …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • executor — late 13c., from Anglo Fr. executour, from L. executorem/exsecutorem, agent noun from exsequi/exsequi (see EXECUTION (Cf. execution)). Fem. form executrix is attested from late 14c …   Etymology dictionary

  • executor — meaning an official appointed to carry out the terms of a will, is pronounced with the stress on the second syllable. It should be distinguished from executioner, an official who carries out a sentence of death …   Modern English usage