Gazette


Gazette

A gazette is a public journal, a newspaper of record, or simply a newspaper.

In English- and French-speaking countries, newspaper publishers have applied the name Gazette since the 17th century; today, numerous weekly and daily newspapers bear the name The Gazette.

Gazette is a loanword from the French language; in turn, the French word is a 16-century permutation of the Italian gazeta, which is the name of a particular Venetian coin. Gazeta became an epithet for newspaper in the early and middle 16th century, when the first Venetian newspapers cost one gazeta.[1] (Compare with other vernacularisms from publishing lingo, such as the British penny dreadful and the American dime novel.) This loanword, with its various corruptions, persists in numerous modern languages.

In England, with the 1665 founding of The Oxford Gazette (which became the London Gazette), the word gazette came to indicate a public journal of the government; today, such a journal is sometimes called a government gazette. For some governments, publishing information in a gazette was or is a legal necessity by which official documents came into force and entered the public domain. Such is the case for documents published in The Gazette of India and in the Royal Thai Government Gazette (est. 1858).

In the UK, publication of the official government newspaper the Edinburgh Gazette began in 1699; the Dublin Gazette in 1705; and the Belfast Gazette in 1921. In Ireland 1922, the Iris Oifigiúil (Irish: Official Gazette) replaced the Dublin Gazette following the establishment of the Irish Free State.

Gazette as a verb

In English, the transitive verb to gazette means "to announce or publish in a gazette"; especially where gazette refers to a public journal or a newspaper of record. E.g., "Lake Nakuru was gazetted as a bird sanctuary in 1960, then was upgraded to National Park status in 1968."[citation needed] British Army personnel decorations, promotions, and officer commissions are "gazetted" in the London Gazette, the "Official Newspaper of Record for the United Kingdom".[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ Diez, Friedrich (1864). An Etymological Dictionary of the Romance Languages. London: Williams. 
  2. ^ "Information Available". London Gazette. The Stationery Office. http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/about/info. Retrieved 3 July 2011. 

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  • gazette — [ gazɛt ] n. f. • 1600; it. gazzetta, du vénitien gazeta « petite monnaie », prix d une gazette 1 ♦ Vx, région. ou plaisant Écrit périodique contenant des nouvelles. ⇒ journal, revue. La « Gazette », de Théophraste Renaudot (1631). J ai vu ça… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • gazette — 1. (ga zè t ) s. f. 1°   Écrit périodique contenant les nouvelles politiques, littéraires, etc. dit aujourd hui plus habituellement journal. •   D éloges on regorge, à la tête on les jette, Et mon valet de chambre est mis dans la gazette, MOL.… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Gazette — (f.) ist eine veraltete und heutzutage eher ironische Bezeichnung für eine Zeitung. Der Begriff leitet sich von der italienischen Gaze(t)ta ab, deren erste Vertreterin das 1536 erschienene Flugblatt Gazetta di Venezia war, das politische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • GAZETTE (LA) — GAZETTE LA, puis GAZETTE DE FRANCE Journal parisien paru du 30 mai 1631 au 30 septembre 1915. Théophraste Renaudot n’est pas le créateur de la presse périodique en France, mais il reste bien le fondateur du premier grand journal français, La… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gazette — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda the GazettE [[Archivo:‎|200px]] Información personal Origen Japón Estado Activos …   Wikipedia Español

  • gazette — ga‧zette [gəˈzet] noun [countable] a newspaper, often one listing official announcements such as legal notices or the names of people who have taken up a position in government. The word Gazette is often used in newspaper titles: • Before any new …   Financial and business terms

  • gazette — GAZETTE. sub. f. Cahier, feüille volante qu on donne au public toutes les semaines, & qui contient des nouvelles de divers pays. Gazette de France, de Hollande. Gazette imprimée. Gazette à la main. On appelle fig. Gazette, Une personne qui est… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Gazette — Sf Zeitung per. Wortschatz arch. (17. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus frz. gazette, dieses aus it. gazetta, aus der venezianischen Bezeichnung gazeta de la novità. Ursprünglich handelt es sich bei venez. gazeta um den Namen einer Münze im Wert von… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Gazette — Ga*zette , n. [F. gazette, It. gazzetta, perh. from gazetta a Venetian coin (see {Gazet}), said to have been the price of the first newspaper published at Venice; or perh. dim. of gazza magpie, a name perh. applied to the first newspaper; cf. OHG …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gazette — Ga*zette , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Gazetted}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Gazetting}.] To announce or publish in a gazette; to announce officially, as an appointment, or a case of bankruptcy. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gazette — index herald, journal, proclaim Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 Gazette …   Law dictionary


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