- Transitive verb
*"Harry sees Adam." (Adam is the direct object of "sees")
*"You lifted the bag." (bag is the direct object of "lifted")
*"I punished you." (you is the direct object of "punished")
*"I give you the book." (book is the direct object of "give" and "you" is the non-prepositional indirect object of "give")
*"John traded Jane an apple for an orange." ("Jane", "apple", and "orange" are all objects of "traded") [http://teacherseducation.wordpress.com/2007/08/08/grammar-wednesday-29/]
Those transitive verbs that are able to take both a direct object and an indirect object are called ditransitive; an example is the verb "give" above. Verbs that require a single object are called monotransitive. There are a few verbs, like "traded" above, that may be called "tritransitive". [cite journal | author =Kittila, Seppo | title=A typology of tritransitives: alignment types and motivations | journal=Linguistics | volume=45 | issue=3 | year=2007 | publisher=Walter de Gruyter| location=Germany | pages=453–508 | doi = 10.1515/LING.2007.015 ]
Verbs that don't require an object are called intransitive, for example the verb "to sleep". Since one cannot "sleep" something, the verb acts intransitively. Verbs that can be used in a transitive or intransitive way are called ambitransitive; an example is the verb "eat", since the sentences "I am eating" (with an intransitive form) and "I am eating an apple" (with a transitive form that has "an apple" as the object) are both grammatically correct.
:授業が始まる。:"Jugyō ga hajimaru.":The class starts.
:先生が授業を始める。:"Sensei ga jugyō o hajimeru.":The teacher starts the class.
However, the definition of transitive verbs as those which have one object is not universal and is not used in grammars of many languages. For example, it is generally accepted in
Polish grammarthat transitive verbs are those which:
* accept a
direct object(in accusativein the positive form, and in genitivein the negative form), OR
* undergo passive transformation.
Both conditions are fulfilled in many instances of transitive verbs, ex. "Maria widzi Jana" (Mary sees John; "Jana" is the accusative form of "Jan") - "Jan jest widziany przez Marię" (John is seen by Mary). However, there are exceptions, and verbs with one or even two objects may also be
Transitivity (grammatical category)
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transitive verb — noun a verb (or verb construction) that requires an object in order to be grammatical • Syn: ↑transitive verb form, ↑transitive • Hypernyms: ↑verb • Hyponyms: ↑doubly transitive verb, ↑doubly transitive verb form … Useful english dictionary
transitive verb — verb which describes an action performed on an object by using the … English contemporary dictionary
transitive verb — noun A verb that is accompanied (either clearly or implicitly) by a direct object in the active voice. It links the action taken by the subject with the object upon which that action is taken. Consequently, transitive verbs can also be used in… … Wiktionary
transitive verb — /trænzətɪv ˈvɜb/ (say tranzuhtiv verb) noun 1. a verb which can only be used with a direct object. 2. a verb used with a direct object, as drink in the sentence she drinks water where water is the direct object. Compare intransitive verb … Australian English dictionary
transitive verb — Gram. a verb accompanied by a direct object and from which a passive can be formed, as deny, rectify, elect. [1580 90] * * * … Universalium
transitive verb — In grammar, a verb that requires a direct object … Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors
transitive-verb — adjective noun … Wiktionary
transitive verb form — noun a verb (or verb construction) that requires an object in order to be grammatical • Syn: ↑transitive verb, ↑transitive • Hypernyms: ↑verb • Hyponyms: ↑doubly transitive verb, ↑doubly transitive verb form … Useful english dictionary
doubly transitive verb — noun a transitive verb that takes both a direct and an indirect object • Syn: ↑doubly transitive verb form • Hypernyms: ↑transitive verb, ↑transitive verb form, ↑transitive … Useful english dictionary
doubly transitive verb form — noun a transitive verb that takes both a direct and an indirect object • Syn: ↑doubly transitive verb • Hypernyms: ↑transitive verb, ↑transitive verb form, ↑transitive … Useful english dictionary