AI@50


AI@50

AI@50, which is formally known as the "Dartmouth Artificial Intelligence Conference: The Next Fifty Years" (July 13-15, 2006), commemorated the 50th anniversary of the Dartmouth Conferences which effectively inaugurated the history of artificial intelligence. Five of the original ten attendees were present: Marvin Minsky, Ray Solomonoff, Oliver Selfridge, Trenchard More, and John McCarthy.

While sponsored by Dartmouth College, General Electric, and the Frederick Whittemore Foundation, a $200,000 grant from the Pentagon's Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency DARPA called for a report of the proceedings that would:

* Analyze progress on AI's original challenges during the first 50 years, and assess whether the challenges were "easier" or "harder" than originally thought and, why
* Document what the AI@50 participants believe are the major research and development challenges facing this field over the next 50 years, and identify what breakthroughs will be needed to meet those challenges
* Relate those challenges and breakthroughs against developments and trends in other areas such as control theory, signal processing, information theory, statistics, and optimization theory.

Note

Many of the historic and distinguished AI researchers invited to present their papers at this conference may well deposit their taxpayer-funded papers in their individual or institutional repositories long before DARPA's official report is openly published on the Web or otherwise made freely available to the public, hence this page exists primarily to centralize links to the authors' sites and their self-archived papers.

Conference Program and links to published papers

* James Moor, conference Director, Introduction
* Carol Folt and Barry Scherr, Welcome
* Carey Heckman, Tonypandy and the Origins of Science

AI - Past, Present, Future

* John McCarthy, What Was Expected, What We Did, and AI Today
* Marvin Minsky, The Emotion Machine

The Future Model of Thinking

* Ron Brachman and Hector Levesque, A Large Part of Human Thought
* David Mumford, What is the Right Model for 'Thought'?
* Stuart Russell, The Approach of Modern AI

The Future of Network Models

* Geoffrey Hinton & Simon Osindero, From Pandemonium to Graphical Models and Back Again
* Rick Granger, From Brain Circuits to Mind Manufacture

The Future of Learning & Search

* Oliver Selfridge, Learning and Education for Software: New Approaches in Machine Learning
* Ray Solomonoff, Machine Learning - Past and Future [cite news | url = http://world.std.com/~rjs/dart.pdf | title = Machine Learning -- Past and Future | author = Solomonoff, Ray J. | date = 2006 | accessdate = 2008-07-25 ]
* Leslie Pack Kaelbling, Learning to be Intelligent
* Peter Norvig, Web Search as a Product of and Catalyst for AI

The Future of AI

* Rod Brooks, Intelligence and Bodies
* Nils Nilsson, Routes to the Summit
* Eric Horvitz, In Pursuit of Artificial Intelligence: Reflections on Challenges and Trajectories

The Future of Vision

* Eric Grimson, Intelligent Medical Image Analysis: Computer Assisted Surgery and Disease Monitoring
* Takeo Kanade, Artificial Intelligence Vision: Progress and Non-Progress
* Terry Sejnowski, A Critique of Pure Vision

The Future of Reasoning

* Alan Bundy, Constructing, Selecting and Repairing Representations of Knowledge
* Edwina Rissland, The Exquisite Centrality of Examples
* Bart Selman, The Challenge and Promise of Automated Reasoning

The Future of Language and Cognition

* Trenchard More The Birth of Array Theory and Nial
* Eugene Charniak, Why Natural Language Processing is Now Statistical Natural Language Processing
* Pat Langley, Intelligent Behavior in Humans and Machines [cite news | url = http://cll.stanford.edu/~langley/papers/ai50.dart.pdf | title = Intelligent Behavior in Humans and Machines | author = Langley, Pat | date = 2006 | accessdate = 2008-07-25 ]

The Future of the Future

* Ray Kurzweil, Why We Can Be Confident of Turing Test Capability Within a Quarter Century [cite news | url = http://www.kurzweilai.net/meme/frame.html?main=/articles/art0683.html | title = Why We Can Be Confident of Turing Test Capability Within a Quarter Century | author = Kurzweil, Ray | date = 2006-07-14 | accessdate = 2006-07-25 ]
* George Cybenko, The Future Trajectory of AI
* Charles Holland, DARPA's Perspective

AI and Games

* Jonathan Schaeffer, Games as a Test-bed for Artificial Intelligence Research"
* Danny Kopec, Chess and AI
* Shay Bushinsky, Principle Positions in Deep Junior's Development

Future Interactions with Intelligent Machines

* Daniela Rus, Making Bodies Smart
* Sherry Turkle, From Building Intelligences to Nurturing Sensibilities

Selected Submitted Papers: Future Strategies for AI

* J. Storrs Hall, Self-improving AI: An Analysis
* Selmer Bringsjord, The Logicist Manifesto
* Vincent Muller, Is There a Future for AI Without Representation?
* Kristinn R. Thórisson, Integrated A.I. Systems

Selected Submitted Papers: Future Possibilities for AI

* Eric Steinhart, Survival as a Digital Ghost
* C.T.A. Schmidt, Did You Leave That 'Contraption' Alone With Your Little Sister?
* Michael Anderson & Susan Leigh Anderson, The Status of Machine Ethics
* Marcello Guarini, Computation, Coherence, and Ethical Reasoning

Notes and comments

* Meg Houston Maker [http://www.engagingexperience.com/] , conference notes:

* AI@50 Opening [http://www.engagingexperience.com/2006/07/ai50_opening.html]

* AI - Past, Present Future [http://www.engagingexperience.com/2006/07/ai50_ai_past_pr.html] -- Brief abstracts of papers by John McCarthy and Marvin Minsky

:* The Future Model of Thinking [http://www.engagingexperience.com/2006/07/ai50_the_future.html] -- Brief abstracts of papers by Ron Brachman , David Mumford, and Stuart Russell

:* The Future of Network Models [http://www.engagingexperience.com/2006/07/ai50_the_future_1.html] -- Brief abstracts of papers by Geoffrey Hinton and Simon Odinero, and Rick Granger

:* The Future of Learning and Search [http://www.engagingexperience.com/2006/07/ai50_the_future_2.html] -- Brief abstracts of papers by Oliver Selfridge, Ray Solomonoff, Leslie Pack Kaelbling, and Peter Norvig

:* The Future of AI [http://www.engagingexperience.com/2006/07/ai50_the_future_3.html] -- Brief abstracts of papers by Rod Brooks, Nils Nilsson, Eric Horvitz

:* The Future of Vision [http://www.engagingexperience.com/2006/07/ai50_the_future_4.html] -- Brief abstracts of papers by Eric Grimson, Takeo Kanade, and Terry Sejnowski

:* The Future of Reasoning [http://www.engagingexperience.com/2006/07/ai50_the_future_5.html] :* Brief abstracts of papers by Alan Bundy, Edwina Rissland, and Bart Selman

:* The Future of Language and Cognition [http://www.engagingexperience.com/2006/07/ai50_the_future_6.html] -- Brief abstracts of papers by Trenchard More, Eugene Charniak, and Pat Langley

:* The Future of the Future [http://www.engagingexperience.com/2006/07/ai50_the_future_7.html] :* Brief abstract of Ray Kurzweil's paper

:* AI and Games [http://www.engagingexperience.com/2006/07/ai50_ai_and_gam.html] -- Brief abstracts of papers by Jonathan Schaeffer and Danny Kopec

:* Future Interactions with Intelligent Machines [http://www.engagingexperience.com/2006/07/ai50_future_int.html] -- Brief abstracts of papers by Daniela Rus and Sherry Turkle

:* Selected Submitted Papers: Future Strategies for AI [http://www.engagingexperience.com/2006/07/ai50_selected_s.html] -- Brief abstracts of papers by J. Storrs Hall and Selmer Bringsjord

:* Selected Submitted Papers: Future Possibilities for AI [http://www.engagingexperience.com/2006/07/ai50_selected_s_1.html] -- Brief abstracts of papers by Eric Steinhart, C. T. A. Schmidt, and Michael Anderson and Susan Leigh Anderson

:* First Polling Question [http://www.engagingexperience.com/2006/07/ai50_first_poll.html]

:* Second Polling Question [http://www.engagingexperience.com/2006/07/ai50_second_pol.html]

:* Third Polling Question [http://www.engagingexperience.com/2006/07/ai50_third_poll.html]

:* Fourth Polling Question [http://www.engagingexperience.com/2006/07/ai50_fourth_pol.html]

:* Fifth Polling Question [http://www.engagingexperience.com/2006/07/ai50_fifth_poll.html]

:* Sixth Polling Question [http://www.engagingexperience.com/2006/07/ai50_sixth_poll.html] and [http://engaging.typepad.com/my_weblog/2006/07/ai50_sixth_poll_1.html]

:* Final Polling Question [http://www.engagingexperience.com/2006/07/ai50_final_poll.html]

Another Celebrations: Albacete 2006

The 50th anniversary was celebrated too (July 10-14, 2006) in Albacete (Spain) in a meeting of hundreds of experts from Spain, USA and Hispanic America as Rodolfo Llinás, NYU School of Medicine. This Meeting was called: Campus Multidisciplinar en Percepción e Inteligencia - 50 años de Inteligencia Artificial.During 5 days, hundreds of conferences took place there. In it, the first matematical theory for intelligence (Teoria Cognitiva de Condiciones de Verdad) [cite news | url = http://www.smt.name/ | title = Teoria Cognitiva de Condiciones de Verdad | author = Sergio Miguel Tomé | date = 2006 ] was introduced by Sergio Miguel Tomé, a young student of the Universidad de Castilla-la Mancha,(UCLM).

References

External links

* [http://www.dartmouth.edu/%7Eai50/homepage.html Dartmouth Artificial Intelligence Conference: The Next Fifty Years] , conference Web site
* [http://www.dartmouth.edu/%7Enews/releases/2006/07/06.html Dartmouth receives grant from DARPA to support AI@50 conference] , press release
* [http://www.dartmouth.edu/~vox/0607/0724/ai50.html Artificial Intelligence: Past, Present, and Future] , Vox of Dartmouth, 24 July, 2006. Photo of historic attendees: Trenchard More, John McCarthy, Marvin Minsky, Oliver Selfridge, and Ray Solomonoff.
* [http://www.info-ab.uclm.es/cmpi/] Campus Multidisciplinar en Percepción e Inteligencia - 50 años de Inteligencia Artificial - Albacete 2006]


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