img_coa = Sassari-Stemma.png
official_name = Comune di Sassari
province = Sassari (SS)
elevation_m = 225
area_total_km2 = 546.08
December 31, 2007
population_total = 129072
population_density_km2 = 235.8
timezone = CET, UTC+1
coordinates = coord|40|44|N|08|33|E
frazioni = Bancali, Li Punti, La Landrigga, Caniga, Campanedda
telephone = 079
postalcode = 07100
gentilic = Sassaresi
mayor = Gianfranco Ganau (since May 2005)
website = [http://www.comune.sassari.it www.comune.sassari.it]
Sassari (in Italian and
Sassarese, "Tàthari" in Sardinian), is a town in the province of Sassariin Sardinia, Italy. The second-largest town on the island in terms of population, Sassari is one of the most ancient Sardinian towns, and contains a considerable collection of Sardinian art.
Sassari was probably founded in the early Middle Ages by the inhabitants of the ancient Roman port of "Turris Lybisonis" (current
Porto Torres) who sought refuge in the mainland to escape the Saracenattacks from the sea. The oldest mention of a village called "Tathari" is in an 1113 document in the archive of the Monastery of St. Peter in Silki. Sassari was sacked by the Genoese in 1166. Immigration continued until, in the early 13th century, Sassari was the most populous city in the " giudicato" of Torres. After the assassination of the latter's last judge (1274), Sassari was subject to the Republic of Pisa with a semi-independent status.
In 1294 the Pisans were annihilated by the Genoese fleet at the
Battle of Meloria, and the city could free itself: it became the first and only free commune of Sardinia, with statutes of its own, allied with Genoa, which was pleased to see it thus withdrawn from the control of the Pisans. Its statutes of 1316 are remarkable for the leniency of the penalties imposed when compared with the penal laws of the Middle Ages. From 1323 it was submitted to the Aragonese, under which it remained in the following centuries, but it revolted at least three times. Attempts of conquest by Genoafailed. In 1391 it was conquered by Brancaleone Doriaand Marianus V of Arboreato the Giudicato of Arborea, of which it became the capital, but in 1420 it fell into the hands of the Aragonese. The Aragonese were replaced by the Spanish in 1479. In 1527 it was sacked by the French. During Catalan and then Spanish domination the city was known as "Sàsser". The city suffered for the economical exploitment and the political corruption of its rulers and for two plagues in 1528 and 1652.
*Archeological site of
Monte d'Accoddi: a unique preistoric monument
*The City Walls that in the 13th century surrounded the city with 36 towers (wich at the moment only 6 remains).
Other attractions include:
*The church of St. Peter in Silki, built in the 12th century but renovated in the 17th century. Where were found very important medieval codes
Condaghe di san Pietro in Silki
*"Corso Vittorio Emanuele", it's the most important street of medieval town.
*The Cathedral of St. Nicholas of Bari, built in the 13th century and enlarged in Catalan Gothic style from 1480; there is a monument to the
Duca di Morianainside. The façade, belonging to the BaroqueSpanish colonial restorations of 1650–1723, has a rectangular portico surmounted by three niches housing statues of saints. The bell tower is in Romanesque style.
*The church of "Santa Maria di Bètlem" (13th century).
* The Church of the Most Blessed Trinity contains a beautiful picture by an unknown artist of the Quattrocento.
*"Palazzo D'Usini", most important example of civilian architecture of the Renaissance period in Sardinia (now housing the main Public Library, therefore open to visits from the public).
Fountain of the Rosello, built in 1606 by Genoese craftsmen. It is made by two squared parts surmounted by two crossing arches on which the statue of St. Gavins is placed
*University Palace (17th-20th century), originally a Jesuit school.
*The Ducal Palace (current Town Hall, 1775-1806), built for the
Duke of the Asinarain the 18th century.
*"Piazza D' Italia" (19th century), it's the main square in Sassari, it's surrounded by interesting buildings as the Neogothic "Palazzo Giordano" and the "Palace of Sassari's Province", where, for a while, were located the ancient royal apartments of the House of Savoy.
Sassari's university is the oldest in Sardinia (founded by the Jesuits in 1562), and has a high reputation, especially in
jurisprudencestudies; its libraries contain a number of ancient documents, among them the famous Carta de Logu(the constitution issued by "Giudichessa" Eleanor of Arborea), or the "Condaghes", Sardinia's first legal codes and the first documents written in the Sardinian language(11th century).
Sassarese diasystem("Sassaresu" or "Turritanu") is not very similar to sardinian languagehowever, but is closest to corsican language; although this fact has been causing a deep controversy. It is based on a mixture of different languages, namely Corsican, Pisano and Genoan (due to long medieval contacts with the maritime republics of Pisa and Genoa in the age of Giudicati), Spanish, catalanbut a strong Logudorese influence can be felt in its phonetics, syntax, and vocabulary. Sassarese is spoken in Sassari and in the neighbourhood, approximately by 120,000 people, in a total population of 175,000 inhabitants; large speaking communities are present also in Stintino, Sorsoand Porto Torres; its transition varieties towards Gallurese, known as the "castellanesi" dialects, can be heard in Castelsardo, Tergue Sedini)Empress Abijan Tell me every thing Note in a Legder
Sassari is also the birthplace of many famous Sardinians, among them
Domenico Alberto Azuni(Sassari, aug. 3, 1749 – Cagliari, jan. 23, 1827) a Jurist expert in commercial law. The former presidents of the Italian Republic, Antonio Segniand Francesco Cossiga, and the national secretary in the 1970s and leader of the most important Communist partyin Western Europe Enrico Berlinguer.
ources and references
* [http://www.sardiniatourism.com/sassari.php On Line Guide]
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