- Vanity Fair (magazine, historical)
Vanity Fair has been the title of four notable magazines: an 1859-1863 American publication, an 1868-1914 English publication, and an unrelated 1913-1936 American publication edited by Condé Nast, which was revived in 1983.
Vanity Fair was notably a fictitious place ruled by
Beelzebub, in the book Pilgrim's Progressby John Bunyan. Later use of the name was influenced by the well-known novel of the same name by William Makepeace Thackeray.
American 'Vanity Fair' 1859-1863
The first magazine bearing the name "Vanity Fair" appeared in New York, as a humorous weekly, from
The magazine was financed by Frank J. Thompson, and was edited by Louis Henry Stephens, William Allen Stephens, and Henry Louis Stephens.
The magazine's stature is indicated by a list of its contributors, which included
Thomas Bailey Aldrich, William Dean Howells, Fitz-James O'Brien, and Charles Farrar Browne.
British 'Vanity Fair' 1868-1914
The second "Vanity Fair" was a British weekly magazine published from 1868 to 1914.
Subtitled "A Weekly Show of Political, Social, and Literary Wares," it was founded by
Thomas Gibson Bowles, who aimed to expose the contemporary vanities of Victorian society. The first issue appeared in Londonon November 7, 1868. It offered its readership articles on fashion, current events, the theatre, books, social events, and the latest scandals, together with serial fiction, word games, and other trivia.
Bowles wrote much of the magazine himself under various pseudonyms such as 'Jehu Junior', but contributors included
Lewis Carroll, William Wilde, PG Wodehouse, Jessie Popeand Bertram Fletcher Robinson(editor: June 1904 - November 1906).
Vanity Fair caricatures"A full-page, colour lithograph of a contemporary celebrity or dignitary appeared in most issues, and it is for these caricatures that "Vanity Fair" is best known today. Subjects included artists, athletes, royalty, statesmen, scientists, authors, actors, soldiers and scholars. More than two thousand of these images appeared, and they are considered the chief cultural legacy of the magazine, forming a pictorial record of the period. They were produced by an international group of artists, including Max Beerbohm, Sir Leslie Ward(who signed his work "Spy"), the Italians Carlo Pellegrini("Singe" and "Ape") and Libero Prosperi ("Lib"), the French artist James Jacques Tissot, and the American Thomas Nast.
The final issue of "Vanity Fair" appeared on February 5, 1914.
* [http://www.vanity-fair-prints-company.com A list of all The Vanity Fair Prints]
* [http://www.philaprintshop.com/vanfair.html Philadelphia Print Shop]
* [http://www.npg.org.uk/live/search/portList.asp?search=ap&set=1;Vanity+Fair+cartoons National Portrait Gallery]
* [http://www.artfact.com/catalog/viewLot.cfm?lotCode=F0KB9HR8&lotType=artist&aID=486326 Artfact]
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