John Verran


John Verran

John Verran (9 July 1856 – 7 June 1932) was the trade union leader for the Amalgamated Miners' Association (1895 – 1913) and twenty-sixth premier of South Australia (1910 – 1912). He was a member for the electoral district of Wallaroo and Moonta resident.

Verran was born at Gwennap, Cornwall in England, on 9 July 1856 and when only three months old was taken by his parents to Australia. The family lived at Kapunda, South Australia, until he was eight, and then moved to Moonta where copper had been discovered in 1861. Verran received very little education and before he was 10 years old was working at the copper-mines as a "pickey-boy" or "bal-maiden", whose job it was to sort the ore above ground. He attended a night school some years later. When 18 he went to the Queensland gold-mines but soon returned to Moonta, where he worked as a miner for nearly 40 years. He was elected president of the Moonta miners' association and held this office for 15 years.

In 1901 he was elected a member of the South Australian house of assembly for Wallaroo, and on the death of Price in 1909 became leader of the Labor party. The following year, he led Labor to South Australia's first majority government in the House of Assembly at the 1910 election, with Labor on a primary vote of 49.1 percent and 22 of 42 seats, less than two weeks before Labor created Australia's first federal majority government and first Australian Senate majority at the 1910 federal election. On 3 June 1910 Verran became Premier, and was also commissioner of public works and minister of mines and of water-supply. Lasting less than 21 months, the government faced riots due to a drivers' strike in Adelaide streets, and criticism of how Verran handled the problem. Considerable sums were spent on railways and harbours. The Advances for Homes Act of 1911 allowed the State Bank of South Australia to grant loans to poorer people, but the Legislative Council would not support the government attempts to create state brickyards and timber mills. Relations between the assembly and the council were strained, with Verran petitioning the British parliament to veto the council's decision. An election was called by Verran in January 1912 over the power of the upper house to veto the lower, however Labor suffered a 2.3 percent swing against them, and were left with 16 of 40 seats.

Verran was succeeded as leader of the Labor party by Crawford Vaughan in 1913, and he broke with that party in 1917 over the conscription issue. In 1918 he stood as a Nationalist candidate and was defeated, and he was also defeated at the federal election held in 1925. In 1927 he was elected by the South Australian parliament to fill the vacancy in the federal Senate caused by the death of Senator Charles McHugh. He lost his seat in 1928 and henceforth lived in retirement. His wife predeceased him and he was survived by three sons and four daughters. Verran was a man of fine character whose honesty was proverbial. For many years he was a power in the Labor ranks, but his career really ended when he left the party.

References

* [http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A120358b.htm Australian Dictionary of Biography]

External links

* [http://www.parliament.sa.gov.au/pp/html/verran.shtm John Verran] profile at SA Parliament website

-


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • VERRAN, John (1856-1932) — premier of South Australia was born at Gwennap, Cornwall, England, on 9 July 1856 and when only three months old was taken by his parents to Australia. The family lived at Kapunda, South Australia, until he was eight, and then moved to Moonta.… …   Dictionary of Australian Biography

  • Verran — /ˈvɛrən/ (say veruhn) noun John, 1856–1932, Australian Labor politician, born in Cornwall; premier of SA in the state s first Labor Government, 1910–12 …   Australian English dictionary

  • Helen Verran — is an Australian historian and philosopher of science, professor at the University of Melbourne. She was awarded US Ludwig Fleck Prize of the US Society for Social Studies of Science for her book, Science and an African Logic, (University of… …   Wikipedia

  • Cornish Australian — Cornish Australians Ostralyon Kernow …   Wikipedia

  • Crawford Vaughan — 27th Premier of South Australia Elections: 1915 In office 3 April 1915 – 14 July 1917 Preceded by Archibald Peake Succeeded by …   Wikipedia

  • Members of the Australian Senate, 1926–1929 — This is a list of members of the Australian Senate from 1926 to 1929. Half of its members were elected at the 16 December 1922 election and had terms starting on 1 July 1923 and finishing on 30 June 1929; the other half were elected at the 14… …   Wikipedia

  • Archibald Peake — Archibald Henry Peake (15 January 1859 ndash; 6 April 1920) was an Australian liberal conservative politician and Premier of South Australia.Early Life and careerPeake s family migrated from Chelsea, London in 1862, initially settled in Victoria …   Wikipedia

  • Premier ministre d'Australie-Méridionale — Liste des Premiers Ministres d Australie Méridionale. Jusqu en 1890, il n existait pas de parti politique officiel No. Nom Parti Prise de fonction Fin de fonction Durée de mandat 1 Boyle Finniss 24 octobre 1856 21 août 1857 301 jours …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Australian Labor Party — Infobox Australian Political Party party name = Australian Labor Party party party wikicolourid = Labor leader = Kevin Rudd deputy = Julia Gillard president = Mike Rann foundation = 1891 ideology = Democratic socialism, Social democracy, Third… …   Wikipedia

  • Premier Ministre d'Australie-Meridionale — Premier Ministre d Australie Méridionale Liste des Premiers Ministres d Australie Méridionale. Jusqu en 1890, il n existait pas de parti politique officiel No. Nom Parti Prise de fonction Fin de fonction 1 Boyle Finniss 24 octobre 1856 21 août… …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.