Maria Amalia of the Two Sicilies

Maria Amalia of the Two Sicilies

Infobox French Royalty|majesty|consort
name = Maria Amalia of the Two Sicilies
title =Queen consort of the French


caption =
reign =9 August 1830 – 24 February 1848
coronation =
spouse =Louis-Philip
issue =Ferdinand-Philippe, Prince Royal
Louise-Marie, Queen of the Belgians
Princess Marie
Prince Louis, Duke of Nemours
Clémentine, Princess of Kohary
François, Prince of Joinville
Prince Henri, Duke of Aumale
Prince Antoine, Duke of Montpensier
issue-link = #Marriage
issue-pipe = among others...
royal house =House of Orléans
House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
royal anthem =
father =Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies
mother =Maria Carolina of Austria
date of birth =birth date|1782|4|26|df=y
place of birth = Caserta
date of death =death date and age|1866|3|24|1782|4|26|df=y
place of death = Claremont, Surrey, England
buried =

Maria Amalia Teresa of the Two Sicilies (26 April 1782-24 March 1866) was Queen of the French from 1830-1848, consort to King Louis-Philippe.

Life

She was born at Caserta, the daughter of Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies (1751-1825) and his wife, Marie Caroline of Austria (1752-1814), who was the favorite sister of Marie Antoinette.

She received a careful education which developed the naturally pious and honorable disposition that earned for her in the family circle the nickname of "La Santa". Driven from Naples in 1798, the Neapolitan royal family fled to Palermo, and the years from 1800 to 1802 were spent by Marie Amélie with her mother at the Austrian court. In 1806 they were again in flight before the armies of general Masséna, and it was during the second residence of her father's court at Palermo that she met the exiled Louis-Philippe, then "duc d'Orléans", eldest son of the previous duke, also named Louis-Philippe (also known as "Philippe Égalité").

Marriage

On 25 November 1809 she married Louis-Philippe, at Palermo in Sicily. Like her mother, Maria had a very large family. Overall she and her husband had 10 children. They were:

* Prince Ferdinand Philippe d'Orléans, "duc d'Orléans" (3 September 1810-1842) married Duchess Helene Louise Elizabeth of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (b.1814-d.1858)
* Princesse Louise Marie d'Orléans (3 April 1812-1850) later Queen consort of Léopold I of Belgium. Children included Leopold II and Carlota of Mexico.
* Princess Marie (12 April 1813-1839) married Duke Alexander of Württemberg (b.1804-d.1881).
* Prince Louis d'Orléans, "duc de Nemours" (25 October 1814-1896) married Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Kohary.
* Princess Françoise d'Orléans (28 March 1816-1818)
* Princesse Clémentine d'Orléans (3 June 1817-1907) married August of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, 5th Prince of Kohary.
* Prince François d'Orléans, "prince de Joinville" (14 August 1818-1900) married Princess Francisca of Brazil.
* Prince Charles d'Orléans, "duc de Penthièvre" (1 January 1820-1828)
* Prince Henri d'Orléans, "duc d'Aumale" (16 June 1822-1897) married Princess Maria Carolina Augusta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (b.1822-d.1869), daughter of Leopoldo, Prince of Salerno.
* Prince Antoine d'Orléans (31 July 1824-1890) became a prince of Spain after marrying Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain (b.1832-d.1897), daughter of Ferdinand VII of Spain and sister of Isabella II of Spain.

France

Infobox French Monarchical Styles
royal name=Queen Marie Amélie of The French
dipstyle=Her Majesty
offstyle=Your Majesty
altstyle=Ma'am|
Returning to France in 1814, the Duke and Duchess of Orléans had barely established themselves in the Palais-Royal in Paris when the Hundred Days drove them into exile. Marie Amélie took refuge with her four children in England, where she spent two years at Orleans House, Twickenham. Again in France in 1817, her life at Neuilly until 1828 was the happiest period of her existence. Neither then nor at any other time did she take any active share in politics; but she was not without indirect influence on affairs, because her ultra-royalist and legitimist traditions prevented the court from including her in the suspicion with which her husband's liberal views were regarded. Her attention was absorbed by the care and education of her numerous family, even after the revolution of 1830 had made her queen of the French.

During her second exile, from 1848 to the end of her life, she lived at Claremont, where her charity and piety endeared her to the many English friends of the Orleans family. Marie Amélie died in exile, at Claremont in Surrey in England. commons|Maria Amalia of the Two Sicilies

Ancestry

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boxstyle_1=background-color: #fcc;
boxstyle_2=background-color: #fb9;
boxstyle_3=background-color: #ffc;
boxstyle_4=background-color: #bfc;
boxstyle_5=background-color: #9fe;
1= 1. Maria Amalia of the Two Sicilies
2= 2. Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies
3= 3. Maria Carolina of Austria
4= 4. Charles III of Spain
5= 5. Maria Amalia of Saxony
6= 6. Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
7= 7. Maria Theresa of Austria
8= 8. Philip V of Spain
9= 9. Elisabeth of Parma
10= 10. Augustus III of Poland
11= 11. Maria Josepha of Austria
12= 12. Leopold, Duke of Lorraine
13= 13. Élisabeth Charlotte of Orléans
14= 14. Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor
15= 15. Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
16= 16. Louis, Dauphin of France
17= 17. Duchess Maria Anna of Bavaria
18= 18. Odoardo II Farnese
19= 19. Dorothea Sophie of Neuburg
20= 20. Augustus II of Poland
21= 21. Christiane Eberhardine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
22= 22. Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor
23= 23. Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick
24= 24. Charles V, Duke of Lorraine
25= 25. Eleonora Maria Josefa of Austria
26= 26. Philippe I, Duke of Orléans
27= 27. Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate
28= 28. Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
29= 29. Eleonor Magdalene of the Palatinate
30= 30. Louis Rudolph, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
31= 31. Princess Christine Louise of Oettingen-Oettingen

References

*1911

Titles

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