- South Street Seaport
name =South Street Seaport
nrhp_type = nrhp
caption =A view of the South Street Seaport in New York with the Brooklyn, Manhattan, and Williamsburg bridges
location = South Street at Fulton Street,
Manhattan, New York City, New York
October 18, 1972
refnum = 72000883
The South Street Seaport is a historic area in the
New York Cityborough of Manhattan, located where Fulton Street meets the East River, and adjacent to the Financial District. The Seaport is usually considered a historical district, distinct from the neighboring Financial District. It features some of the oldest architecture in downtown Manhattan, and includes the largest concentration of restored early 19th-century commercial buildings in the city. This includes renovated original mercantile buildings, renovated sailing ships, the former Fulton Fish Market, and modern tourist malls featuring food, shopping and nightlife, with a view of the Brooklyn Bridge.
South Street Seaport Museum was founded in 1967 by Peter and Norma Stanford. When originally opened as a museum, the focus of the Seaport Museum conservation was to be an educational historic site, with "shops" mostly operating as reproductions of working environments found during the Seaport's heyday — 1820 to 1860.
Designated by Congress as America’s National Maritime Museum in 1998, South Street Seaport Museum sits in a 12 square-block historic district that is the site of the original port of New York City. [ [http://www.theorator.com/bills108/s674.html America's National Maritime Museum Designation Act] , TheOrator.net. Accessed
September 18, 2007.] The Museum is has over convert|30000|sqft|m2 of exhibition space and educational facilities. It houses exhibition galleries, a working 19th-century print shop, an archeology museum, a maritime library, a craft center, a marine life conservation lab, and the largest privately owned fleet of historic ships in the country. Included in this fleet are:
*"Peking", a 1911, four-masted
*"Wavertree", an 1885, fully-rigged cargo ship ³
*"Pioneer", an 1885 schooner ¹ ³
*"Lettie G. Howard", an 1893 schooner ¹ ²
*"Ambrose", a 1908 lightship ²
*"Helen McAllister", a 1900 tugboat
*"W.O. Decker", a 1930 tugboat ¹ ³
*"Marion M.", a 1932 chandlery lighter
:¹During favorable weather, these vessels take the public out into New York City’s waterways.:²These vessels have been designated National Historic Landmarks by the National Parks Service.:³These vessels have been designated National Historic Places by the National Parks Service.
The original intent of the Seaport development was the preservation of the block of buildings known as [http://www.nyc-architecture.com/SCC/SCC001.htm Schermerhorn Row] which were threatened with destruction from neglect or future development, at a time when the history of New York City's sailing ship industry was not valued, except by some
antiquarians. Early historic preservation efforts focused on these buildings and the acquisition of several sailing ships. The buildings on Fulton Street were across from the main Fulton Fish Market building, which had become a large plain garage-type structure, and has now been rebuilt as an upscale shopping mall.
In 1982, redevelopment began to turn the museum into a greater tourist attraction via development of modern shopping areas. The pier's old platforms were demolished and a new glass shopping pavilion raised in its place, which opened in August 1983.
Almost all buildings and the entire Seaport neighborhood are meant to transport the visitor back in time to New York's mid-1800s, to demonstrate what life in the commercial maritime trade was like. Docked at the Seaport are a few historical sailing vessels, including the "
Flying P-Liner", "Peking" and museum ships. A section of nearby Fulton Street is preserved as cobblestone and lined with shops, bars, and restaurants. The Seaport itself now operates primarily as a mall and tourism center. Built on Pier 17 on the East River, visitors are offered shops and a food court. Decks outside allow views of the East River, Brooklyn Bridgeand Brooklyn Heights.
The original Sub Pop version of
Nirvana's " In Bloom" video was filmed here in 1990. The video features Kurt, Krist and Chad clowning around inside the South Street Mall as well as Wall Street. The seaport is also a crucial location in the movie "I Am Legend".
List of maritime museums in the United States
List of museum ships
* [http://www.southstreetseaport.com/html/ Official Site]
* [http://www.southstseaport.org/ South Street Seaport Museum]
* [http://www.seaportdistrictmap.org Interactive Map of the Seaport - Seaport Cultural Association]
* [http://www.albanyny.org/pdfs/p90_100.pdf http://www.albanyny.org/pdfs/p90_100.pdf]
* [http://www.fordham.edu/seaportproject A digital history of South Street Seaport by Fordham University students]
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