Loblolly Pine

Loblolly Pine

name = Loblolly Pine
status = LR/lc | status_system = IUCN2.3

image_width = 240px
image_caption = Trees at Richmond National Battlefield Park
regnum = Plantae
Phylum = Pinophyta
classis = Pinopsida
ordo = Pinales
familia = Pinaceae
genus = "Pinus"
subgenus = "Pinus"
species = "P. taeda"
binomial = "Pinus taeda"
binomial_authority = L.

"Pinus taeda" (Loblolly Pine) is one of several pines native to the southeastern United States. The trees reach a height of 30-35 m (100-115 ft) with a diameter of 0.4-1.5 m (1.5-5 ft). Exceptional specimens may reach 45 m (150 ft) tall, the largest of the southern pines. Its needles are in bundles of three, sometimes twisted, and measure 12-22 cm (5-9 inches) long: an intermediate length for southern pines, shorter than those of the Longleaf Pine or Slash Pine, but longer than those of the Shortleaf Pine and Spruce Pine. The cones are green, ripening pale buff-brown, 7-13 cm (3-5 inches) in length, 2-3 cm (0.8-1.2inches) broad when closed, opening to 4-6 cm (1.5-2.5 inches) wide, each scale bearing a sharp 3-6 mm spine.

The name "loblolly" means a low wet place, but these trees are not limited to that specific habitat. Other old names, now rarely used, include: Oldfield Pine, due to loblolly's status as an early colonizer of abandoned fields; Bull Pine, due to its size (several other yellow pines are also often so named, especially large isolated specimens); and Rosemary Pine, due to loblolly's distinctive fragrance compared to the other southern pines (the fragrance is more akin to that of gin than rosemary).

With the advent of fire control, Loblolly Pines have come to dominate areas in the deep south that were once populated with greater numbers of Longleaf Pine and, especially in Florida, Slash Pine. Loblolly's rate of growth is rapid, even among the generally fast-growing southern pines. The yellowish, resinous wood is highly prized for lumber, but is also used for pulp fibers. This tree is commercially grown in extensive plantations, along with Slash Pine.

Although Loblolly Pine grows primarily in the deep south, it ranges north along the mid-Atlantic coast to southern New Jersey, in the interior north to extreme southeastern and southwestern Kentucky, and as far west as the southeast corner of Oklahoma and central Texas. Loblolly Pine is the pine of the "Lost Pines" area around Bastrop, Texas and in McKinney Roughs along the Texas Colorado River. These are isolated populations on areas of acidic sandy soil, surrounded by alkaline clays that are poor for pine growth.

The famous "Eisenhower Tree" on the 17th hole of Augusta National Golf Club is a loblolly pine. U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower, an Augusta National member, hit the tree so many times that, at a 1956 club meeting, he proposed that it be cut down. Not wanting to offend the President, the club's chairman, Clifford Roberts, immediately adjourned the meeting rather than reject the request outright.

References and external links

* [http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=200005364 Flora of North America: "Pinus taeda"]
* [http://www.cas.vanderbilt.edu/bioimages/species/frame/pita.htm "Pinus taeda" images at bioimages.vanderbilt.edu]
* [http://www.envirofx.com/projects/trees.php EnviroFX plants Lobblolly Pine Trees when you buy carbon credits]
* [http://www.livescience.com/environment/060818_loblolly_co2.html Higher atmospheric carbon dioxide levels may help the loblolly pine endure ice storms] - LiveScience.comLoblolly Pine Calculator, [http://webscript.princeton.edu/~jarigoni/thesis/thesis.html]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Loblolly pine — Loblolly Lob lol ly, n. [Etymol. uncertain.] Gruel; porridge; so called among seamen. [1913 Webster] {Loblolly bay} (Bot.), an elegant white flowered evergreen shrub or small tree, of the genus {Gordonia} ({Gordonia Lasianthus}), growing in the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • loblolly pine — noun tall spreading three needled pine of southeastern United States having reddish brown fissured bark and a full bushy upper head • Syn: ↑frankincense pine, ↑Pinus taeda • Hypernyms: ↑pine, ↑pine tree, ↑true pine * * * noun …   Useful english dictionary

  • loblolly pine — terpentininė pušis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Pušinių šeimos medieninis augalas (Pinus taeda), paplitęs Šiaurės Amerikoje. atitikmenys: lot. Pinus taeda angl. loblolly pine šaltinis Valstybinės lietuvių kalbos komisijos 2008 m.… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • loblolly pine — [ lɒblɒli] noun a pine tree with very long, slender needles, native to the south eastern US. [Pinus taeda.] Origin from obs. loblolly thick gruel , US dialect mudhole …   English new terms dictionary

  • loblolly pine — noun Date: 1760 a pine (Pinus taeda) of the southeastern United States with flaky bark, long needles in groups of three, and cones having spine tipped scales; also its coarse grained wood …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • loblolly pine — noun a) A pine tree, Pinus taeda, native to the southeastern US and extensively planted. b) The wood of Pinus taeda …   Wiktionary

  • loblolly pine — lob′lolly pine′ n. 1) pln a coniferous tree, Pinus taeda, of the southeastern U.S., having bundles of stout, often twisted needles and blackish gray bark 2) pln the wood of this tree, used for timber and pulpwood • Etymology: 1750–60 …   From formal English to slang

  • Loblolly Pine — Weihrauch Kiefer Weihrauch Kiefer (Pinus taeda) Systematik Klasse: Pinopsida Ordnung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • loblolly pine — 1. a coniferous tree, Pinus taeda, of the southeastern U.S., having bundles of stout often twisted needles and blackish gray bark. 2. the wood of this tree, used for timber and pulpwood. [1750 60, Amer.] * * * …   Universalium

  • Loblolly-bay — or Gordonia lasianthus is a member of the Tea or Theaceae family.Taxobox name = Gordonia lasianthus image width = 250px image caption = Gordonia lasianthus flower regnum = Plantae divisio = Magnoliophyta classis = Magnoliopsida ordo = Ericales… …   Wikipedia

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