Eric Heiden


Eric Heiden

Infobox Speed Skater
name = Eric Arthur Heiden


caption =
country = USA
birth_date = birth date and age|1958|6|14
birth_place = Madison, Wisconsin
death_date =
death_place =
height = height|m=1.84
weight = convert|86|kg|lb st|abbr=on|lk=on
pb =
website =
titles=no
worldcup =

Eric Arthur Heiden (born June 14 1958 in Madison, Wisconsin) is an American former long track speed skater who won all the men's speed skating races, and thus an unprecedented five individual gold medals, and set four Olympic records and one world record at the 1980 Winter Olympic Games in Lake Placid, New York, United States. He also took the Athlete's Oath at those same games.

Heiden is an icon in the speedskating community and, in particular, in Europe where the sport is highly regarded. His victories are significant as few speed skaters (and athletes in general) have won competitions in both sprint and long-distance events. He is considered by some to be the best overall speedskater (short and long distances) in the sport's history. Heiden ranked #46 in "ESPN's SportsCentury 50 Greatest Athletes of the 20th Century" in 1999, the only speed skater to make the list.

Skating career

During his short speed skating career, Heiden won 3 World Allround Championships and 4 World Sprint Championships.

Three times, Heiden broke the world record in the 1,000 metres, twice in the 3,000 metres, and once each in the 1,500 metres and 10,000 metres. He also broke the points world record in both allround and the sprinting distances.

Heiden finished his speed skating career by finishing second behind Hilbert van der Duim at the 1980 World Allround Championships in Heerenveen. Heiden stood at the top place of the Adelskalender for an impressive time period of 1,495 days, and won the Oscar Mathisen Award four times in a row from 1977 until 1980. As of 2006, he still is the only skater who has won the award four times.He received the 1980 James E. Sullivan Award as the top amateur athlete in the United States. In 1983, he was inducted into the United States Olympic Hall of Fame.

World records

Over the course of Heiden's career he skated 15 world records:

* 1500-m junior, 2:02.75 (18 January 1976, Madonna di Campiglio; beaten by Heiden)
* 5000-m junior, 7:30.23 (20 February 1977, Inzell; beaten by Heiden)
* 1500-m junior, 1:59.46 (20 February 1977; beaten by Aleksandr Klimov 24 March 1983)
* Allround junior, 168.716 (19-20 February 1977, Inzell; beaten by Heiden)
* 3000-m junior, 4:16.2 (4 February 1977, Montreal; beaten by Tomas Gustafson 26 January 1980)
* Allround junior, 166.584 (4-5 February 1977, Montreal; beaten by Aleksand Klimov 24 March 1983)
* 5000-m junior, 7:23.54 (5 February 1978, Montreal; beaten by Tomas Gustafson 27 January 1980)
* 3000-m, 4:07.00 (2 March 1978, Inzell; beaten by Heiden)
* 1000-m, 1:14.99 (12 March 1978, Savalen; beaten by Heiden)
* 1000-m, 1:13.60 (13 January 1980, Davos; beaten by Gaetan Boucher, 31 January 1981)
* Allround, 162.973 (10-11 February 1980, Bislett, Oslo; beaten by Viktor Shasherin, 25-26 March 1983)
* 3000-m, 4:06.91 (18 March 1979, Savalen; beaten by Dmitri Ogloblin 28 March 1979)
* Sprint, 150.250 (12-13 January 1980, Davos; beaten by Gaetan Boucher 30-31 January 1980)
* 1500-m, 1:54.79 (19 January 1980, Davos; beaten by Igor Zhelezovski 26 March 1983)
* 10,000-m, 14:28.13 (23 February 1980, Lake Placid; beaten by Dmitri Ogloblin 29 March 1980)

Road bicycle racing

After his speed-skating career, Heiden became a professional racing cyclist. He was one of the first cross-over athletes, becoming a founding member of the 7-Eleven Cycling Team. Together with his former speed skating coach (and ex-bike racer), Jim Ochowicz, he conceived of the idea of a European-style sponsored team for North American riders. [http://www.velonews.com/news/fea/9452.0.html] Heiden won a few American professional races and took part in the 1986 Tour de France, although he did not complete the race as he fell five days from the finish.

Heiden is believed to hold the unofficial record on one of the local benchmark climbs in Woodside, California: Old la Honda Rd. In 1985, Heiden won the first US Professional Cycling Championship and thus became the American road race champion.

In 1999, Heiden was inducted into the United States Bicycling Hall of Fame.

Medical career

After starting his undergraduate education at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, Heiden earned a Bachelor of Science degree from Stanford University in 1984 and earned his M.D., also from Stanford, in 1991. He began practicing as an orthopedic surgeon in Sacramento, California. At that time, he also served as team physician for the NBA's Sacramento Kings and the Sacramento Monarchs of the WNBA. In 2002 and 2006, he was team physician for the U.S. Olympic Speedskating Team. He opened a sports medicine-based practice at The Orthopedic Specialty Hospital (TOSH) in Murray, Utah and has recently expanded Heiden Orthopaedics with an additional office in Park City, Utah.

He has followed in the footsteps of his father, Jack Heiden, a longtime orthopedic surgeon in Madison, Wisconsin. His sister Beth Heiden is also an accomplished speedskater and cross-country skier.

References

* [http://www.skateresults.com/skater/show/360 Eric Heiden at SkateResults.com]
* [http://www.usolympicteam.com/26_576.htm Eric Heiden's U.S. Olympic Team bio] ... notes, quotes, photos
* [http://www.usolympicteam.com/11478_30687.htm Eric Heiden interview on 25th anniversary of Olympic heroics]
* [http://www.olympic.org/uk/games/past/index_uk.asp?OLGT=2&OLGY=1980 IOC 1980 Winter Olympics]
* [http://www.usolympicteam.com/11478_30685.htm Current skaters comment on Heiden's legacy]
* [http://www.usolympicteam.com/11478_30686.htm Race-by-race analysis by Heiden]
*Wangrin, Mark (1990). "Eric Heiden: True Gold". In "ESPN SportsCentury". New York: Hyperion-ESPN Books. pp. 252-3.
* [http://www.teamsupportsystems.com/schaatslijst/lijst_m_allround_top10.htm Scientific approach to find the best skater of all times, University of Groningen, The Netherlands (Dutch)]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Eric Heiden — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Medallero Patinaje de velocidad Competidor por  Estados Unidos Juegos Ol …   Wikipedia Español

  • Eric Heiden — Eric Arthur Heiden (* 15. Juni 1958 in Madison, Wisconsin) ist ein ehemaliger US amerikanischer Eisschnellläufer. Heiden gilt als einer der vielseitigsten Eisschnellläufer in der Geschichte des Eisschnelllaufs. Als einzigem männlichen Teilnehmer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eric Heiden — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Heiden (homonymie). Eric Heiden …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Eric Arthur Heiden — (* 15. Juni 1958 in Madison, Wisconsin, USA) ist ein ehemaliger US amerikanischer Eisschnellläufer. Heiden gilt als einer der vielseitigsten Eisschnellläufer in der Geschichte des Eisschnelllaufs. Als Einzigem gelang es ihm, bei den Olympischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Heiden — bezeichnet: in der christlichen Lehre Menschen, die nicht im christlichen Glauben getauft sind und die keine Juden sind, siehe Heidentum eine Pflanzengattung, siehe Heidekräuter in Österreich Buchweizen, siehe Echter Buchweizen einen Teil eines… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • HEIDEN (E.) — HEIDEN ERIC (1958 ) Champion du monde en 1977, 1978 et 1979, le patineur de vitesse américain Eric Heiden, originaire du Wisconsin, réussit un exploit unique lors des jeux Olympiques de Lake Placid en 1980: il remporte les cinq médailles d’or, du …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Heiden — is a Germanic name.Municipalities*Heiden, Germany *Heiden, SwitzerlandPeople*Bernhard Heiden, German American composer and music teacher. *Konrad Heiden, journalist and historian of Nazi Germany *Eric Heiden, speed skater …   Wikipedia

  • Eric (Vorname) — Eric und Erik (selten auch Erick) sind Varianten des Vornamens Erich. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Bekannte Namensträger 1.1 Eric 1.2 Erick 1.3 Erik …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eric Flaim — Eric Joseph Flaim (born 9 March 1967 in Pembroke, Massachusetts, United States) is a former US speed skater.BiographyEric Flaim started in short track speed skating, but then, like many short track speed skaters before and after him, switched to… …   Wikipedia

  • Heiden — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Erhard Heiden (1901 1933), membre du parti nazi et chef de la SS ; Eric Heiden (1958 ), patineur de vitesse américain. Toponyme Heiden… …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.