Carroll Gardens, Brooklyn


Carroll Gardens, Brooklyn

Carroll Gardens is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn, USA. The area is named for Charles Carroll, a revolutionary war veteran who was also the only Roman Catholic signer of the Declaration of Independence. [Donovan, Aaron. [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C04EEDD1030F931A25756C0A9649C8B63 "If You're Thinking of Living In/Carroll Gardens; Area of Gardens and 19th-Century Charm"] , "The New York Times", May 12, 2002. Accessed October 1, 2007. "The name Carroll comes from Charles Carroll of Maryland, a signer of the Declaration of Independence."] Carroll Park, a block-long area of playgrounds, walkways and sitting areas between Court and Smith Streets, with Carroll Street as its southern boundary, was constructed in the late 19th century and is also named for Carroll. [ [http://www.nycgovparks.org/sub_your_park/historical_signs/hs_historical_sign.php?id=18196 CARROLL PARK] , New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Accessed October 1, 2007. "Brooklyn’s third oldest park is named for Charles Carroll (1737-1832), an American Revolutionary leader from Maryland and signer of the Declaration of Independence, for whom Carroll Street is also named."] The neighborhood is part of Brooklyn Community Board 6. [ [http://www.brooklyncb6.org/neighborhoods/ Neighborhoods] , Brooklyn Community Board 6. Accessed October 1, 2007.]

A long-standing Italian- American neighborhood of family-run stores, Carroll Gardens is now sprinkled with cafes, boutiques and antique shops. It shares its northern boundary with Cobble Hill at Degraw Street and Boerum Hill at Warren Street, while extending south to Hamilton Avenue and Red Hook. Prior to the gentrification movement in the mid-1960s, this part of South Brooklyn was considered by residents to be part of Red Hook. In the late 1940s, however, the southern tip of Red Hook was cut off from the rest of the neighborhood by the building of the Brooklyn-Queens Expressway and Gowanus Expressway, and the area now known as Carroll Gardens took on a separate and distinct character of its own. Today, Carroll Gardens is more middle class, while Red Hook, which had retained its working-class, waterfront ambience, has only recently begun to feel the effects of gentrification.

Before Italian -Americans settled in the area, Carroll Gardens was settled by Irish Americans in the early 19th century and, in the mid-19th century, by Norwegian-Americans, who founded the Norwegian Seamans' Church, an imposing brownstone structure that was once visited by the King of Norway during an official visit to the United States, and which still stands (although it is now a condominium) on the corner of First Place and Clinton Street. In 1846, Richard Butts created the front "gardens" to the famous brownstone houses in the oldest section of the neighborhood. The brownstones are set back from the street by 30-40 feet, to create atypical (for Brooklyn) large front gardens. The Carroll Gardens Historic District, which includes some of the finest examples of these brownstones with large front gardens, is bounded roughly by Carroll Street to the south, President Street to the north, Hoyt Street to the east and Smith Street to the west.

Historical Sites

*G. Esposito & Sons Pork Store, 357 Court Street - Top rated Zagat butcher shop, run by the Esposito family since 1922.
*Gowanus Canal - Heavily polluted canal that centers the heavily Industrial areas of South Brooklyn, permitting oil tankers to pass through to local fuel companies.
*Marco Polo Ristorante, 345 Court Street - Joseph Chirico's Carroll Gardens mainstay, serving delectable Italian dishes since the 1970's. Popular restaurant frequented by local policitians, judges, prosecutors, lawyers, and of course "wiseguys".
*Nino's, now Francesco's, 215 Union Street - Classic Brooklyn Italian eatery.
*P.J. Hanley's, Court Street & 4th Place - Established in 1874, during prohibition, Al Capone brewed beer in the basement of the speakeasy.
*St. Mary's Star of the Sea Church, 467 Court Street - Originally constructed to serve as a Cathedral, a beautiful church built with the finest Italian and European stones and marble. Also the location where Al Capone married Mae Josephine Coughlin.
*St. Paul's Episcopal Church, 199 Carroll Street - Founded in 1849, during the heyday of Brooklyn's industrialization.

References

External links

* [http://offmanhattan.com/2007/11/18/mini-guide-to-court-street-some-of-south-brooklyns-best-known-secrets/ offManhattan] - Guide to Food and Dining
* [http://www.nycfoto.com/showPage.php?albumID=522 NYCfoto.com] - Photos of Carroll Gardens
* [http://www.brooklyncb6.org/neighborhoods/index.cfm?m=web&a=webpage&tpl=main&show_menu=true&template_id=20&section=4&page=5&content_id=10 Carroll Gardens Historic District]
* [http://www.theyard.ws The Yard]


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