Ban Gu

Ban Gu
Ban Gu

Ban Gu (Chinese: 班固; Wade–Giles: Pan Ku, 32–92), courtesy name Mengjian (孟堅), was a 1st century Chinese historian and poet best known for his part in compiling the Book of Han. He also wrote in the main poetic genre of the Han era, a kind of poetry interspersed with prose called fu. Some are anthologized by Xiao Tong in his Selections of Refined Literature in the 6th century. Compiler of the Bo hu tong 白虎通.



See: History of the Han Dynasty; Hanshu

In the 3rd century BC, Ban Gu's ancestors gained prominence on the northwestern frontier as herders of several thousand cattle, oxen, and horses, which they traded in a formidable business and encouraged other families to move to the frontier.[1]

Ban Gu was born into a scholarly family. His great-aunt Consort Ban was a scholar and poet, and his father, Ban Biao, was a prominent historian. He took over from his father responsibility for writing a history of the former Han Dynasty, a book known in modern times as the Hanshu or Book of Han. However, his work was interrupted by political problems, as his association with the family of Empress Dowager Dou led to his imprisonment and death (either by execution or torture). A few volumes of his book in 13–20th (eight chronological charts) and 26th (astronomical biography), however, was completed by his younger sister, Ban Zhao, and became a model for many other works about later dynasties.

The modern historian Hsu Mei-ling states that Ban Gu's written work in geography set the trend for the establishment of geographical sections of history texts, and most likely sparked the trend of the gazeteer in ancient China.[2]

Ban Gu's family

See also


  1. ^ Yü, 8.
  2. ^ Hsu, 98.


  • Bielenstein, Hans. “Pan Ku’s Accusations against Wang Mang.” In Chinese Ideas about Nature and Society: Studies in Honour of Derk Bodde. Ed. Charles Le Blanc and Susan Blader. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 1987, 265-70.
  • Clark, Anthony E. Ban Gu's History of Early China (Amherst: Cambria Press, 2008). [1]
  • Hsu, Mei-ling. "The Qin Maps: A Clue to Later Chinese Cartographic Development," Imago Mundi (Volume 45, 1993): 90-100.
  • Van der Sprenkel, O. B. Pan Piao, Pan Ku, and the Han History. Centre for Oriental Studies Occasional Paper, no. 3. Canberra: Australian National University, 1964.
  • Yü, Ying-shih. (1967). Trade and Expansion in Han China: A Study in the Structure of Sino-Barbarian Economic Relations. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ban — [ bɑ̃ ] n. m. • fin XIIe; frq. °ban 1 ♦ Anciennt Proclamation officielle, publique de qqch., en particulier d un ordre, d une défense. Mod. Proclamation solennelle d un futur mariage à l église. Les bans de mariage sont affichés à la porte de l… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ban — (ban) s. m. 1°   Proclamation, publication. Battre un ban, battre la caisse pour annoncer qu il va être fait une publication. •   Avant le combat, la justice faisait publier trois bans, MONTESQ. Espr. XXVIII, 24. •   L aumônier d un roi de France …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • BAN — bezeichnet: einen Adelstitel im Königreich Ungarn und Kroatien, siehe Ban. eine rumänische Münzeinheit, siehe Rumänischer Leu eine moldawische Münzeinheit, siehe Moldawischer Leu das versperren eines Zugangs in einem Netzwerk, siehe… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Báň — Báň …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ban — may refer to:* Ban (law), a decree that prohibits something, sometimes a form of censorship * The imperial ban, a form of outlawry in the medieval Holy Roman Empire * Ban (information), a logarithmic unit of information or weight of evidence *… …   Wikipedia

  • ban — Ban, m. C est cry publique à voix ou son de trompe, Proclamatio per praeconem. Il fit cryer un ban, en Oolin, L Italien l appelle aussi Bando. Et tant les criées faites des biens vaccans dans le fief d aucun Seigneur que les publications faites… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Ban Na — บ้านนา Provinz: Nakhon Nayok Fläche: 388,4 km² Einwohner: 67.268 (2007) Bev.dichte: 173,2 E./km² PLZ: 26110 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ban — BAN. s. mas. Mandement fait à cri public, pour ordonner ou pour défendre quelque chose. On a publié, battu un ban dans toute l armée, afin que tout le monde en soit averti. Et dans le même sens, on appelle Ban de vendange, La publication du jour… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • ban — BAN. s. m. Mandement fait à cry public. On a fait un ban dans toute l armée, à ce que personne n en pretende cause d ignorance. Il signifie plus particulierement, La proclamation qui se fait à l Eglise, lors que quelqu un se veut engager dans les …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • BAN GU — [PAN KOU] (32 92) Des trois enfants du lettré Ban Biao, l’un, Ban Chao, fut un valeureux capitaine, les deux autres, Ban Gu et leur sœur Ban Zhao, de grands historiens. Pour réaliser le projet de son père, Ban Gu entreprit de donner une suite aux …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ban Gu — (chinesisch 班固; * 32 im Kaiserreich China; † 92 in Luoyang, China, hingerichtet) war ein chinesischer Historiker der Han Dynastie. Er entstammte einer Literatenfamilie. Sein Vater Ban Biao war ein renommierter Geschichtsschreiber, sein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.