- Barbara Lee
April 7 1998
date of birth=birth date and age|1946|07|16
place of birth=
El Paso, Texas
Oakland, California, U.S.A.
Mills College, University of California, Berkeley
occupation= social worker, politial assistant
Barbara Jean Lee (born
July 16 1946), is an American politician, and has been a Democratic member of the United States House of Representativessince 1998, representing ushr|California|9 ( [http://nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/preview/congdist/ca09_109.gifmap] ). She is the first woman to represent that district. Lee is the First Vice-Chair of the Congressional Black Caucusand Co-Chair of the Congressional Progressive Caucus. Lee is notable as the only person in either chamber of Congress who voted against the authorization of use of force following the September 11, 2001 attacks. [ [http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2001/roll342.xml Final Vote Results for Roll Call 342] , "U.S. House of Representatives". Accessed 7 April 2007.] This made her a hero among the anti-war movement, but also caused her to receive death threats. [cite press release |title=Conyers Denounces Death Threats Against Rep. Barbara Lee |publisher=Office of Representative John Conyers, Jr., United States House of Representatives |date=2001-09-19 |url=http://www.house.gov/conyers/pr092001.htm |accessdate=2008-03-05 ] Lee has been a vocal critic of the Iraq Warand supports legislation creating a Department of Peace.
Early life and education
Congresswoman Lee was born in
El Paso, Texas. She moved from Texasto Californiain 1960 with her military family parents, and attended high school at San Fernando High School, San Fernando, California. She was a young single mother of two receiving public assistance when she began attending college. [ [http://www.ebdailynews.com/article/2006-11-16-bil-paul East Bay Daily News, November 16, 2006] ] [ [http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/c/a/2001/09/26/MN199337.DTL San Francisco Chronicle Profile September 26, 2001] ] Lee was educated at Mills Collegeand received an M.S.W. from the University of California, Berkeleyin 1975. [ [http://cal.berkeley.edu University of California, Berkeley] ]
While a student at Mills College, she was a volunteer at the Oakland chapter of the
Black Panther Party's Community Learning Center and worked on Panther co-founder Bobby Seale's 1973 Oakland mayoral campaign. [ [http://www.mindfully.org/Reform/2006/Black-Panthers-Led8oct06.htm Oakland Tribune, October 8, 2006] ] Lee was a staff member for United States Representative Ron Dellumsand a member of the California State Assemblyand the California State Senatebefore entering the House. She ran for Congress in a special electionthat created a year-long series of five special elections as various East Bay politicians vied for political office. (For a detailed account of these elections, see Special election musical chairs.)
Lee gained national attention in 2001 as the only member of congress to vote "No" on the
Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Terrorists(AUMF), stating that she voted no not because she opposed military action but because she believed the AUMF, as written, granted overly-broad powers to wage war to the president at a time when the facts regarding the situation were not yet clear. She explained "It was a blank check to the president to attack anyone involved in the September 11 events -- anywhere, in any country, without regard to our nation's long- term foreign policy, economic and national security interests, and without time limit. In granting these overly broad powers, the Congress failed its responsibility to understand the dimensions of its declaration.... The president has the constitutional authority to protect the nation from further attack and he has mobilized the armed forces to do just that. The Congress should have waited for the facts to be presented and then acted with fuller knowledge of the consequences of our action."
This vote made nationwide news reports and brought about a large and extremely polarized response, with the volume of calls gridlocking the switchboard of her Capitol Hill office. While it appears to have reflected the beliefs of the majority of her constituents, the majority of responses from elsewhere in the nation were angry, some referring to her as "communist" and "traitor". Enough responses included death threats against her or her family that the Capitol Hill Police provided round the clock plainclothed bodyguards. [ [http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2001/09/23/INLEE.DTL Lee, Barbara. "Why I opposed the resolution to authorize force" San Francisco Chronicle September 23, 2001.] ] She was also criticized by politicians and in editorial pages of conservative-leaning newspapers, e.g.
John Fund's column in " The Wall Street Journal." [ [http://www.opinionjournal.com/diary/?id=95001156 Wall Street Journal, September 17, 2001] ]
Lee was one of the 31 who voted in the House to not count the electoral votes from
Ohioin the 2004 presidential election [http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2005/roll007.xml] .
Lee is the author of the [http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/z?c110:H.R.176: Shirley A. Chisholm United States-Caribbean Educational Exchange Act, H.R. 176] , which would enhance U.S. foreign relations with
CARICOMnations. The bill directs the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) to develop a comprehensive program that extends and expands existing primary and secondary school initiatives in the Caribbean to provide: (1) teacher training methods; and (2) increased community involvement in school activities. [ [http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/z?c110:H.R.176 Search Results - THOMAS (Library of Congress) ] ] The bill is named for former Congresswoman Shirley Chisholm, who helped inspire Lee to become involved in politics when Chisholm ran for the Democratic nomination for President; Lee became the Northern California Chair of the Chisholm campaign.
She hinted to the
Oakland Tribunethat she would run for the leadership of the Congressional Black Caucusin September 2008, following the end of her four-year term as co-chair of the Congressional Progressive Caucus[ [http://www.insidebayarea.com/oaklandtribune/localnews/ci_10559606 Richman, Josh. "Barbara Lee makes move for Black Caucus chair" Oakland Tribune, September 25, 2008] ] . On September 29, 2008, Lee was one of 95 Democrats to vote against the defeated Emergency Economic Stabilization Act.
Personal life and public image
Lee has two sons, Tony and Craig, both of whom work in the insurance industry. Tony is a partner in Dickerson Employee Benefits, the largest African-American owned insurance brokerage consulting firm in the United States.
Lee endorsed Senator
Barack Obamafor President in the 2008 primary. [ [http://www.huffingtonpost.com/rep-barbara-lee/today-i-endorsed-barack-o_b_76177.html Rep. Barbara Lee: Today I Endorsed Barack Obama - Politics on The Huffington Post ] ]
Lee was ranked as the sixth-most liberal member of the House by the
National Journal, based on roll-call votes on economic, social and foreign policy issues in 2006. [ [http://nationaljournal.com/voteratings/house/lib.htm?o1=lib_composite&o2=desc#vr National Journal "liberal" ranking] ] Lee received a 97% progressive rating from a self-described non-partisan group that provides a "searchable database of Congressional voting records from a Progressive perspective,"cite web|title =Leading with the Left|publisher =Progressive Punch|url =http://www.progressivepunch.org|accessdate = 2007-10-19] and a 4% conservative rating from the American Conservative Union.cite web | title = ACU Ratings of Congress, 2006| publisher = American Conservative Union | date = 2006 | url = http://www.acuratings.org/2006all.htm#CA | accessdate = 2007-10-19]
**Labor, Health and Human Services, Education Subcommittee
**Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs
**Legislative Branch Subcommittee
*Co-Chair of the Congressional Progressive Caucus
*First Vice-Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus
**Co-Chair of the CBC Outreach Task Force
* [http://lee.house.gov/ U.S. Congresswoman Barbara Lee] official House site
* [http://herndon1.sdrdc.com/cgi-bin/can_detail/H8CA09060 Federal Election Commission — Barbara Lee] campaign finance reports and data
* [http://www.ontheissues.org/CA/Barbara_Lee.htm On the Issues — Barbara Lee] issue positions and quotes
* [http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.asp?CID=N00008046 OpenSecrets.org — Barbara Lee] campaign contributions
* [http://www.vote-smart.org/bio.php?can_id=BS026786 Project Vote Smart — Representative Barbara J. Lee (CA)] profile
* [http://projects.washingtonpost.com/congress/members/l000551/ Washington Post — Congress Votes Database: Barbara Lee] voting record
* [http://barbaraleespeaksforme.org/ Re-Elect Barbara Lee] official campaign siteArticles
* [http://www.motherjones.com/news/feature/2001/09/lee.html Alone on the Hill] "Mother Jones", September 20, 2001, interview with Barbara Lee
* [http://www.inthesetimes.com/site/main/article/2323/ Permanent Occupation] Rep. Barbara Lee, "In These Times", September 29, 2005
* [http://www.inthesetimes.com/site/main/article/2493/ A Progressive State of the Union] Barbara Lee and Lynn Woolsey, "In These Times", January 31, 2006
* [http://web.archive.org/web/20050923070551/http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/news/archive/2001/09/15/state1844EDT0072.DTL Text of Barbara Lee's dissent against the war in Afghanistan on the House Floor] September 15, 2001
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