- Liberal Democratic Party of Russia
party_name = Liberal Democratic Party of Russia
colorcode = gold
ideology = Russian
international = unknown
website = [http://www.ldpr.ru/ www.LDPR.ru] The Liberal Democratic Party of Russia ( _ru. "Либерально-Демократическая Партия России", "Liberal'no-Demokraticheskaya Partiya Rossii") (or LDPR) is a
political partyin Russia. It has been led by Vladimir Zhirinovskyalmost since its founding, in 1989, as the Liberal Democratic Party of the Soviet Union. The LDPR describes itself as a centrist, pro-reform democratic party; however, it is often regarded, especially in the foreign media, as an ultranationalist party [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/7102153.stm BBC NEWS | Europe | Moscow Diary: Campaign circus ] ] . The LDPR states that its main political opponents are Yablokoand the Communist Party of the Russian Federation(CPRF). It describes itself as an opposition party however its deputies hardly ever voted against the Putin government. It received a plurality of the vote in the 1993 Russian Dumaelections. In the early 1990s, the party was accused of receiving funding from Russian President Boris Yeltsin's administration. Same accusations were made about its current relationship with the Putin government.
History of creation
The party was a joint project of
CPSUleadership and the KGBaccording to former CPSU Politburomember Alexander Nikolaevich Yakovlev. Yakovlev wrote in his memories that KGB director Vladimir Kryuchkovpresented the project of the puppet LDPR party at a meeting with Mikhail Gorbachevand informed him about a selection of LDPR leaders. According to Yakovlev, the name of the party was invented by KGB General Philipp Bobkov. However Bobkov said that he was against the creation of this "Zubatov's pseudo-party under KGB control that directs interests and sentiments of certain social groups" [ Alexander Nikolaevich Yakovlev"Time of darkness", Moscow, 2003, ISBN 5-85646-097-9, page 574 ( _ru. Яковлев А. Сумерки. Москва: Материк 2003 г.). The book provides an official copy of a document providing the initial LDPR funding (3 million rubles) from the CPSUmoney]
The LDPR's main proposals include: [http://www.russiaprofile.org/resources/political/majorparties/ldpr/index.wbp] [http://russiatoday.strana.ru/en/politics/pol_sys/pol_par/1653.html] :
*the reunification of some of the former Soviet Republics under a
unitary state, with a strong presidency, 15 appointed governors, and a single official language (i.e., Russian);
*reform and consolidation of Russia's judicial system;
capital punishmentfor those convicted of terrorism, premeditated murder, and other serious crimes;
*the abolition of "non-traditional" and "fanatic" religious sects in Russia;
*state ownership of strategic sectors of the economy, particularly natural resources, alcohol, tobacco, and agriculture;
*lower taxes for domestic producers;
*the right to work;
*radical reform of the social insurance system;
*state support for science-intensive technologies and agriculture;
*the abolition of government corruption;
*Russian economic sovereignty/protectionism
*control of all agricultural land by the state.
1991presidential elections - 8%
1993 Dumaelections - 23%
1995Duma elections - 11%
1996presidential elections - 6%
1999Duma elections - 5.98% (it contested them as the 'Zhirinovsky Bloc')
2000presidential elections - 2.7%
2003Duma elections - 12%
2004presidential election (Zhirinovsky decided not to run, his first deputy Oleg Malyshkinran instead) - 2%
2007Duma elections - 8.8%
2008presidential election - 9.35% ("preliminary information")
Anthem of LDPR
Words by M. Peregudov on the
National Anthem of Russiamelody.
"Free-style translation": Through her deeds and by her word shall Russia revive herself,: With a new leader, who's worthy and honest,: With a strong party of whom her enemies are afraid,: For the good of the homeland and for free living.
:: There is a limit to how much we will put up with —:: So now we choose the LDPR.
:This is our way of restoring Russia,:With a party that is tough, smart and united.:For long enough have our people been on their knees,:And have had to bury their righteous sons.
::Down with excess and with cruelty down — ::On this the LDPR will help Russia.
:This is our way of restoring Russia,:With a party that is tough, smart and united.
:: There is a limit to how much we will put up with, —:: So now we choose the LDPR.
:: Now we choose the L D P R.
List of Liberal Democratic Party of Russia deputies in the State Duma
* [http://www.sras.org/the_world_according_to_zhirinovsky Zhirinovsky's 2007 political manifesto (in English and Russian)]
* [http://www.ldpr.ru/ Official Website] ru icon
* [http://www.ldpr.de/ Non official Website] ru icon
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