Abraham Usque

Abraham Usque

Abraham ben Salomon Usque (given the Christian name Duarte Pinhel) was a 16th century publisher. Usque was born in Portugal to a Jewish family and fled the Portuguese Inquisition for Ferrara, Italy, around 1543.

In Ferrara, Usque worked with Yom-Tob ben Levi Athias (the Marrano Jerónimo de Vargas), a Spanish typographer. Drawing on various earlier translations, Usque produced a new translation of the Hebrew Bible (the Tanakh) into Spanish. It was entitled "Biblia en Lengua Española Traducida Palabra por Palabra de la Verdad Hebrayca por Muy Excelentes Letrados, Vista y Examinada por el Oficio de la Inquisicion. Con Privilegio del Ylustrissimo Señor Duque de Ferrara." Usque intended the book for sale both to the Sephardic diaspora and to Christian Spaniards. For this purpose, he submitted a copy to the Inquisition, hoping to receive an imprimatur, and printed some books with a dedication to the Duke of Ferrara. Copies intended for sale to Jews were dedicated to Dona Gracia Nasi. It was published in folio at Ferrara in 1553 and known as the Ferrara Bible. This edition has become scarce, but a second was published in Holland in 1630. In this translation, the Hebrew text is rendered verbatim.

Other books published by Usque included the Portuguese classic Menina e Moça by Bernardim Ribeiro, and Consolação às Tribulações de Israel by Samuel Usque, whose kinship with Abraham has not yet been clarified.


  1. This article incorporates content from John Aikin's General Biography, a publication in the public domain.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Abraham Usque — Consolacam as tribulacoens de Israel, 1553 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • USQUE, SOLOMON — (c. 1530–c. 1596), Portuguese poet of Marrano descent; probably born in Portugal, he spent most of his life in Italy and later in Turkey. It is believed that he was the son of abraham usque , who printed the Ferrara Bible. In collaboration with… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • USQUE, SAMUEL — (16th century), Portuguese Marrano. All that is known about Usque comes from his Consolaçam as tribulaçoens de Israel ( Consolation for the Tribulations of Israel , Ferrara. 1553; second ed., Amsterdam, 1599). This unusual work reveals that the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Usque — ist der Name einer marranisch jüdischen Familie, die aus Portugal nach Italien auswanderte. Der Name leitet sich wahrscheinlich von dem Ort Huesca in Spanien her.[1] Bekannte Namensträger Die Verwandtschaftsbeziehungen der folgenden Personen sind …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • USQUE, ABRAHAM — USQUE, ABRAHAM, Marrano printer. Born in Portugal and known there as Duarte Pinel (Pinhel), Usque fled from the Inquisition shortly after 1543, established himself at Ferrara, and became associated with the press established by the Spanish ex… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Abraham — Abraham. I. Biblische Person: 1) (A., d. h. Völkervater, vorher Abram, d. h. erhabener Vater), Stammvater der Hebräer, geb. um 1980 v. Chr., wanderte mit seinem Vater Tharah (der unterwegs starb), seiner Frau Sarah u. seinem Brudersohn Lot aus Ur …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Abraham ben Jacob — Ibrāhīm ibn Yaʿqūb (arabisch ‏ إبراهيم بن يعقوب الإسرائيلي الطرطوشي‎, DMG Ibrāhīm b. Yaʿqūb al Isrāʾīlī aṭ Ṭurṭūšī hebräisch: ‏ אברהם בן יעקב‎ Abraham ben Jacov), war ein Gesandter des Kalifen von Córdoba aus dem muslimisch geprägten Tortosa… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Usque, Abraham (Pinhel, Duarte) — (fl. 16th cent)    Por tuguese printer. He fled from the Inquisition around 1543 to Ferrara, where he became associated with the Hebrew and Italian press established by Yom Tov ben Levi Athias. His name appears in connection with the 1553… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Samuel Usque — (* um 1500 in Lissabon; † nach 1555 in Italien oder Palästina, eventuell in Safed) war ein portugiesischer Dichter und Historiker. Er ist der Verfasser der Consolação às tribulações de Israel. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Consolação às… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • SAMUEL USQUE — (XVIe s.) Historien juif originaire du Portugal, auteur d’un classique de la littérature portugaise, Consolation aux tribulations d’Israël (Consolaç ao as tribulaç oes de Israel , Ferrare, 1553). Sa biographie est mal connue: issu d’ancêtres… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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