- Simon Cameron
Infobox US Cabinet official
United States Secretary of War
March 5, 1861
January 14, 1862
Edwin M. Stanton
Maytown, Pennsylvania, U.S.
death_date=death date and age|1889|6|26|1799|3|8
Maytown, Pennsylvania, U.S.
party=Whig, Democratic, Republican
spouse=Margaret Brua Cameron
Politician, Journalist, Editor
Simon Cameron (
March 8, 1799– June 26, 1889) was an American politician who served as United States Secretary of Warfor Abraham Lincolnat the start of the American Civil War. After making his fortune in railways and banking, he turned to a life of politics. He became a U.S. senator in 1845 for the state of Pennsylvania, succeeding James Buchanan. Originally a Democrat, he failed to secure a nomination for senator from the Know-Nothingparty, and joined the People's Party, the Pennsylvania branch of what became the Republican Party. He won the Senate seat in 1857, and became one of the candidates for the Republican nomination in the election of 1860.
Cameron gave his support to
Abraham Lincoln, and became his Secretary of War. He only served a year before resigning amidst corruption. Cameron became a minister to Russia during the Civil War, but was overseas for under a year. He again served in the Senate, eventually being succeeded by his son, J. Donald Cameron, and only resigned from Senate upon confirmation that his son would succeed him.
Cameron was born in
Maytown, Pennsylvania, to Charles Cameron and Marth Pfoutz. He was orphaned at nine and later apprenticed to a printer, Andrew Kennedy, editor of the Northumberland "Gazette" before entering the field of journalism. He was editor of the "Bucks County Messenger" in 1821. A year later, he moved to Washington, D.C., and studied political movements while working for the printing firm of Gales and Seaton. He married Margaret Brua and returned to Harrisburg, Pennsylvaniawhere he purchased and ran the "Republican" in 1824.
Cameron served as state printer of
Pennsylvaniafrom 1825 until 1827 and was state adjutant generalin 1826. He constructed several rail lines and merged them into the Northern Central Railway. He founded the Bank of Middletown in 1832 and engaged in other business enterprises. In 1838, he was appointed as commissionerto settle claims of the Winnebago Indians.
Cameron became a Whig Party member, and later a member of the Democratic Party, before being elected to replace
James Buchananin the Senate in 1844. He switched to the Republican Party and was nominated for President, but gave his support to Abraham Lincolnat the 1860 Republican National Convention. Lincoln, as part of a political bargain, named Cameron Secretary of War. Because of allegations of corruption, however, he was forced to resign early in 1862. His corruption was so notorious that Congressman Thaddeus Stevens, when discussing Cameron's honesty with Lincoln, told Lincoln that "I don't think that he would steal a red hot stove". When Cameron demanded Stevens retract this statement, Stevens told Lincoln "I believe I told you he would not steal a red-hot stove. I will now take that back." He was succeeded by Edwin M. Stanton, who had been serving as a legal advisor to the War Secretary. He then served as United States Minister to Russia.
In 1866, Cameron was again elected to the Senate and served there until 1877, when on assurances from the
Pennsylvania legislaturethat his son, James Donald Cameron would be the successor to his seat, he resigned. His son had already been named as Secretary of War in 1876.
Cameron retired to his farm at "
Donegal Springs" near Maytown, Pennsylvaniawhere he died on June 26 1889. He is buried in the Harrisburg Cemeteryin Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Cameron County, Pennsylvaniaand Cameron Parish, Louisianaare named in his honor.
*"An honest politician is one who, when he is bought, will stay bought." [cite book |title=Chronicles of America Series |author=Allen Johnson |publisher=Yale University Press |year=1918]
*"I am tired of all this sort of thing called science here... We have spent millions in that sort of thing for the last few years, and it is time it should be stopped." (on the Smithsonian Institute, 1861)Fact|date=October 2007
*Bradley, Edwin Stanley. "Simon Cameron, Lincoln's Secretary of War; a political biography." (1966)
* [http://www.army.mil/cmh-pg/books/sw-sa/CameronS.htm US Army: Simon Cameron]
* [http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USACWcameron.htm Spartacus Educational: Simon Cameron]
* [http://www.npg.si.edu/exh/brady/gallery/71gal.html Mathew Brady Studio: Simon Cameron]
* [http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=C000068 biographic sketch at U.S. Congress website]
* [http://www.mlwh.org/inside.asp?ID=85&subjectID=2 Biography at Lincoln Institute]
* [http://www.mrlincolnandfriends.org/inside.asp?pageID=84&subjectID=7 Mr. Lincoln and Friends: Simon Cameron]
* [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=Cameron&GScid=45041&GRid=2876& Simon Cameron at Find A Grave]
* [http://www.dauphincountyhistory.org/mansion/mansionhistory The John Harris-Simon Cameron Mansion]
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Simon Cameron — Simon Cameron, (* 8. März 1799 in Maytown, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania; † 26. Juni 1889 in Donegal Springs, Pennsylvania) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker, der dem Kabinett von US Präsident Abraham Lincoln als … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Simon Cameron House — Infobox nrhp | name =Simon Cameron House nrhp type =nhl caption = location= 219 S. Front St., Harrisburg, Pennsylvania lat degrees = 40 lat minutes = 15 lat seconds = 24 lat direction = N long degrees = 76 long minutes = 52 long seconds = 44 long … Wikipedia
Cameron (Name) — Cameron ist ein englischsprachiger Familienname schottischen Ursprungs und davon abgeleiteter Vorname für beide Geschlechter. Herkunft und Bedeutung Der Name stammt vom schottisch gälischen cam shron oder cam sròn „Hakennase“ ab und ist… … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Cameron — Cameronian /kam euh roh nee euhn, rohn yeuhn/, adj., n. /kam euhr euhn, kam reuhn/, n. 1. Julia Margaret, 1815 79, English photographer, born in India. 2. Richard, 1648? 80, Scottish Covenanter. * * * (as used in expressions) Cameron Julia… … Universalium
Cameron Parish — Verwaltung US Bundesstaat: Louisiana Verwaltungssitz: Cameron Adresse des Verwaltungssitzes: Parish Courthouse P.O. Box 366 Cameron, LA 70631 0366 Gründung: 1870 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Cameron (surname) — This article is about the surname Cameron. For the given name, see Cameron (given name). For other uses, see Cameron (disambiguation). Not to be confused with the Spanish name Camarón and the African nation Cameroon. Cameron is an English… … Wikipedia
Cameron — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Personnalités Cameron est un nom de famille d origine écossaise et le prénom parfois porté dérive d un surnom qui vient du gaélique cam shron et est le… … Wikipédia en Français