- Gainsborough, Lincolnshire
infobox UK place
country = England
population = 20,110
region= East Midlands
postcode_district = DN21
Gainsborough is a town within the
West Lindseydistrict of Lincolnshire, England.
One of the best preserved manor houses in Britain, Gainsborough Old Hall is a large 15th century timber-framed medieval strong [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/706382 house] . Sir Thomas Burgh built it between 1460 and 1480. It boasts a magnificent Great Hall and strong brick tower. King Richard III in 1483 and King Henry VIII in 1541 both stayed at the Old Hall.
River Trentruns alongside Gainsborough, and recently the river banks have been renovated to provide residents and tourists with access to the riverside and a seating area to enjoy the view. The main [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/47454 church] is All Saints.
Historically, Gainsborough is the "capital that never was".
Sweyn Forkbeardbased himself at Gainsborough after gaining the kingship in late 1013, and King Cnut allegedly performed his purposely unsuccessful attempt to turn the tide back in the River Trentat Gainsborough. Gainsborough was one of capital cities of Merciaduring the Dark Ageswhich had preceded this too so we can imagine that the Viking kings would have gravitated to it as an administrative centre.
English Civil War
The town was garrisoned for the king in January 1643 but the Royalist fortification of Newark had blocked the Great North Road to Parliamentarian traffic so Gainsborough became significant as part of a route around Newark by way of Lincoln and the line of the modern A15 road. It was in the Royalists' interests to obstruct this but holding Gainsborough also allowed them to forage in
Lindseyand to harass Parliamentarians there. During 1643, this competition gave rise to the battles of Gainsborough and Winceby.
The town is at the meeting point of the east-west A631 (which [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/484925 crosses] the Trent at the only point between the M180 and the A57), the A156 (from the south to
Torksey) and A159 (from Scunthorpe). " [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/699534 Thorndike Way] ", Gainsborough's dual carriageway which was intended to connect with the A15 at Caenby Cornercurrently only extends [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/214633 eastward] to the town boundary. The town's main attractions are Gainsborough Old Hall, [http://www.castleuk.net/castle_lists_north/112/gainsboroughcastle.htm Gainsborough Castle] and [http://www.leisureconnection.co.uk/content/1/94/gainsborough-_west_lindsey_leisure_centre.html West Lindsey Leisure Centre] on "The Avenue".
Gainsborough has a long-standing history with industry. The town was the manufacturing base of [http://www.gainsboroughlincs.co.uk/marshalls.htm Marshall's] , a major boiler manufacturer. The company occupied [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/686514 Britannia Works] , the biggest in Europe when built. The [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/688106 site] has now been split among many different companies,
Tescoon " [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/723550 Beaumont Street] " and Dransfield. The remainder of the site is occupied by local companies. Tesco, on the corner of "Trinity Street" and "Colville Terrace", demolished a large section of the works to create its large store around five years ago. Tesco are now to replace their current store with a 100,000 sq ft Tesco Extra store, on stilts with parking underneath. Dransfield is in the process of remodelling about nine acres (36,000 m²) of the site to include a shopping area and a new heritage museum. The [http://www.marshallsyard.co.uk site] , name " [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/723559 Marshalls Yard] ", opened during Easter 2007 and shops are continuing to open for the remainder of the year. There is a Morrisonson "Heapham Road South", and a Co-op in the Lindsey Centre in the town centre and at Morton by Gainsborough.
Another area of Gainsborough’s industry is Roses. They produced seaside rock making machines along with packaging machines. These included cigarette making machines and bread-slicing and wrapping machines. The proper name of the firm is [http://www.gainsboroughlincs.co.uk/rose1.htm Rose Bros.] , after William German and Walter, the co-founders.
By the side of the east bank Trent near the railway bridge is a [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/483389 large mill] owned by [http://www.kerrygroup.com Kerry Ingredients] (headquartered in
Gainsborough is the home of two of the largest Jokes and
Noveltiesmanufacturers in the UK: [http://www.smiffys.com Smiffy's] (also known as "Smiths of Gainsborough"), and [http://www.pams.co.uk Pam's of Gainsborough] , a smaller company. Smiffy's are also the only wigmaker left in the UK.
Another Local business is the firm of
Eminoxwho started by building a replacement exhaustfor the local bus company, and have expanded into a manufacturing company that specialises in the large Stainless steelexhaust systems fitted to Buses and commercial vehicles. They now are also building Low emission catalytic systems for the London Low emission zone.
Besides "Riverside Walk" are the [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/723565 Whitton's Mill] flats which won the
Royal Town Planning Instituteaward for the East Midlands. Marshall's Yard also received an [http://www.rtpi.org.uk/rtpi_east_midlands/ award] for Regeneration.
West Lindsey District Council used to have their main [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/495118 offices] at the Guildhall on "Lord Street" but in January 2008, they [http://www.tenbees.co.uk/1/ecobuildings/news/2007/09/eb20070907163842.php moved] to a new £4.3m [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/686527 building] in Marshall's Yard. The old building will be converted into a hotel. " [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/495108 Lord Street] " is home to many of Gainsborough's shops. [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/273945 Elswitha Hall] is the [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/273952 birthplace] of
Halford John Mackinder, founder of the Geographical Association.
There is a large [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/240691 water tower] on "Heapham Road".
Gainsborough is thought by many scholars to be the basis for the fictional town of St Ogg's in
George Eliot's " The Mill on the Floss". The River Trent is supposed to be the real-life equivalent to the River Floss.
West Burton Power Stationis three miles to the south-west of the town, [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/484911 near] to the railway to Retford. At the East Trent Junction, on the east side on the [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/253500 railway bridge] over the Trent, the railway line from Retford (and Sheffield) and Doncaster, the line splits into two - for Grimsbyand Lincoln. The two respective railway stations in Gainsborough are Gainsborough Central on "Spring Gardens" near the town centre (for the Grimsby line) and Lea Road (for Lincoln) on "Lea Road" (A156) to the south of the town. At the equivalent West Trent Junction, on the other side of the river in Nottinghamshire, the lines from Doncasterand Sheffieldmeet. The bridge over the Trent carries four possible routes of trains (Sheffield or Doncaster to Lincoln or Grimsby).
Gainsborough is also famed as Britain’s most inland port and so has a long history with river trade — the town’s Trent Bridge prevents larger coastal boats from going beyond it and so many have to offload their goods at the town. There is currently one wharf in the town — mainly an importer of wood.
port and entertainment
The town is home to
Gainsborough Trinity F.C., a semi-professional football club playing at the sixth level of English football. During a brief spell at the start of the 20th century, the club was professional and a member of The Football League.
The second weekend in June sees the town play host to the
Gainsborough Riverside Festival, an annual arts/heritage event which has run since 2001.
The town has one of the top state schools in the country, Queen Elizabeth High School (selective state
grammar schoolfrom 11-18) on "Morton Terrace" (A159) next to the railway line, whilst the Castle Hills Community Arts College, on "The Avenue" next to the [http://www.leisureconnection.co.uk/centre/2/67/west_lindsey_leisure_centre.html leisure centre] and the other side of the railway, recently achieved the status of performing arts college for the second time. The [http://www.middlefield.lincs.sch.uk Middlefield School of Technology] is on "Middlefield Lane", next to "Thorndike Way". The Castle Hills school is consistently one of the lowest performing at GCSE in Lincolnshire, and England.
The town has links with the John Leggott Sixth Form College in
Scunthorpe, which enrols many international students. [http://www.lincolncollege.ac.uk/college/Gainsborough Gainsborough College] on "Acland Street" focuses on vocational education.
* [http://www.gainsboroughtowncouncil.co.uk Town Council]
* [http://www.gainsboroughlincs.co.uk Town history]
* [http://www.gains98.fsnet.co.uk The church]
* [http://www.gainsboroughtoday.co.uk Gainsborough Standard newspaper]
* [http://www.gainsboroughcs.co.uk Choral Society]
* [http://www.west-lindsey.gov.uk/section.asp?catId=559 Trinity Arts Centre]
* [http://www.gainsboroughriversidefestival.co.uk Gainsborough Riverside Festival]
* [http://www.visitgainsborough.co.uk Visit Gainsborough]
* [http://www.stateclub.co.uk The State Club/Cinema Gainsborough]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Gainsborough (Lincolnshire) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gainsborough. 53°24′5″N 0°46′23″O / … Wikipédia en Français
Gainsborough Trinity — Voller Name Gainsborough Trinity Football Club Ort Gainsborough … Deutsch Wikipedia
Gainsborough Old Hall — in Lincolnshire is over five hundred years old and one of the best preserved medieval manor houses in England.The Hall was built by Sir Thomas Burgh around 1460. The Burghs were rich, flamboyant and powerful people. Gainsborough Old Hall was not… … Wikipedia
Gainsborough — may refer to:* Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, England ** Gainsborough Trinity F.C. ** Gainsborough Riverside Festival ** Gainsborough (UK Parliament constituency) * Gainsborough, Saskatchewan, Canada * Gainsborough, New South Wales, Australia * The… … Wikipedia
Gainsborough Riverside Festival — is an annual community Arts/Heritage event that runs on the second weekend of June in Gainsborough, Lincolnshire on the banks of the River Trent. The day begins around noon with a community parade along the banks of the river and entertainment is … Wikipedia
Gainsborough (UK Parliament constituency) — UK constituency infobox Name = Gainsborough Map1 = Gainsborough Map2 = Lincolnshire Type = County Year = 1885 Entity =Lincolnshire County = Lincolnshire EP = East Midlands MP = Edward Leigh Party = ConservativeGainsborough is a county… … Wikipedia
Gainsborough — 53.400555555556 0.77444444444444 Koordinaten: 53° 24′ N, 0° 46′ W … Deutsch Wikipedia
Gainsborough Central railway station — Infobox UK station name = Gainsborough Central code = GNB manager = Northern Rail locale = Gainsborough borough = West Lindsey lowusage0405 = 21 lowusage0506 = 21 lowusage0607 = 33,217 platforms = 2 start = latitude = 53.399 longitude =… … Wikipedia
Gainsborough Lea Road railway station — Infobox UK station name = Gainsborough Lea Road code = GBL manager = Northern Rail locale = Gainsborough borough = West Lindsey, Lincolnshire lowusage0405 = 120,891 lowusage0506 = 132,747 lowusage0607 = 106,634 platforms = 2 start = latitude = 53 … Wikipedia
Gainsborough (horse) — Thoroughbred racehorse infobox horsename = Gainsborough caption = sire = Bayardo grandsire = Bay Ronald dam = Rosedrop damsire = St. Frusquin sex = Stallion foaled = 1915 country = Great Britain flagicon|UK colour = Bay breeder = Lady James… … Wikipedia