- Gurjara Kingdom
Gurjara Kingdom ( also known as Go Rashtra, Gopas, Gopa Rashtra, Go Jana Rashtra etc) was one among the many kingdoms ruled by
Yadavakings in the central and western India.
Mahabharataperiod, they were on their migratory phase from Mathurato Dwaraka. In the epic Mahabharata, they were mentioned as Gopa Rashtras and as Gopas. They have participated in the Kurukshetra War, siding with Duryodhana, though they had close kinship with Vasudeva Krishna. Gurjaras or Gujjarslater inhabited the eastern valley of Aravalli Rangein Rajasthan. Finally some tribes migrated to Gujarat, thus giving the name "Gujarasrtra" or "Gujarat" to the Indian state Gujarat.
References in Mahabharata
Gopa Rashra was mentioned as a kingdom in Ancient India (Bharata Varsha) along with the Pansu Rashtras, the Karityas, the Adhirjayas ( Karusha king "Dantavatra" is often designated as the ruler of the Adhirajyas or Adhirjayas), the Kuladyas, the Mallarashtras etc. (6,9)
Role in Kurukshetra War
Gopas where allied with Kauravas
The pact of Vasudeva Krishna to
Arjunaand Duryodhana:- There is a large body of cowherds known as the Narayanas, all of whom are able to fight in the thick of battle. These soldiers shall be sent to one of you and I alone, resolved not to fight on the field, and laying down my weapons, will go to the other. Arjunaselected Vasudeva Krishna and Duryodhanaselected Krishna's army. (5,7)
Many thousands of Gopas with a large Gopayana force battled in the
Kurukshetra War, at Kauravas side, against the Pandavas, along with other armies, like the Madras, the Sauviras, the Gandharas, the Trigartas and the Kalingas. (6,71)
Battle against Arjuna
Arjunawas proceeding towards Bhagadatta, the mighty "Samsaptaka" car-warriors ( a division of the Trigarta army), numbering 14000, consisting of 10000 Gopalas or Narayanas who used to follow Vasudeva Krishna, summoned Arjunato battle. (7,25).
The Abhishahas, the Surasenas, the Sivis, the Vasatis, the Mavellakas, the Lilithyas, the Kaikeyas, the Madrakas, the Narayana Gopalas, and the various tribes of the Kamvojas who had before been vanquished by
Karna, placing Dronaat their head rushed towards Arjuna. (7,88)
The Narayana troops and the Gopalas were placed in the "Makara" battle-array formed by the
Kauravagenerallisimo Karna. (8,11)
The "Samsaptakas" and Gopalas again fight with Arjuna (8,53)
Destruction of the army of Gopas
Those heroes, the Narayana Gopas who live and grew in Gokula (
Gokulis a place in Mathuradistrict of Uttar Pradesh, in those days, part of the Surasena Kingdom), who were exceedingly wrathful in battle, and who never retreated from the field have been slain by Arjuna. (8,5).
At (9,2), it is mentioned again that the Narayanas have been slain, as also the Gopalas.
Kingdoms of Ancient India
Mahabharataof Krishna Dwaipayana Vyasa, translated to English by Kisari Mohan Ganguli
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