- Vidarbha Kingdom
Vidarbha kingdom was one among the many kingdoms ruled by
Yadavakings (Bhoja Yadavas) in the central and western India, in a region still known as Vidarbha. It was the southern most kingdom known to the kings of Gangatic Plain until they explored Southern India. Damayanti, the wife of Nalawas the princess of Vidarbha. Similarly Rukmini, the eldest wife of Vasudeva Krishna was from Vidarbha. Sage Agastya's wife Lopamudra, also was a princess from the country of Vidarbha. Kundinapuriwas its capital, which is identified as Kundapur in the eastern Maharashtra. Rukmini's brother Rukmifounded another kingdom with capital Bhojakata, close to Vidarbha proper. During the Kurukshetra War, when all other kingdoms participated in the battle, Vidarbha under Rukmi stayed neutral, because his army was rejected by both Pandavasand Kauravaswho were the two parties engaged in the war. It is not clear if any other king from Vidarbha participated in the war. There is a mention at MBh 6:51, that a Vidarbha army sided with Kauravas under the generalissimo Bhishma.
References in Mahabharata
King Bhima of Vidarbha
King Bhima is mentioned as the ancient ruler of Vidarbha at many places in Mahabharata. (MBh 3:53 to 77). The famous princess
Damayantiwas his daughter. She was wedded to the Nishadha prince Nala.
The southern route connecting Vidarbha and Ayodhya
Mahabharata gives clues on a route that existed in ancient times connecting Vidarbha to the northern kingdoms like Kosala.
"The following conversation between Nala and Damayanti describes many ancient roads or pathways connecting kingdoms of north, south and central India of ancient times. (MBh 3:61)"
These many roads lead to the southern country, passing by (the city of) Avanti and the Rikshavat mountains. This is that mighty mountain called Vindhya; yon, the river Payasvini running sea-wards, and yonder are the asylums of the ascetics, furnished with various fruit and roots. This road leadeth to the country of the Vidarbhas—and that, to the country of the Kosalas. Beyond these roads to the south is the southern country.
"Rituparna,the king (of
Ayodhya, Kosala), arrived at the city of the Vidarbhas. The people brought unto king Bhima (of Vidarbha) the tidings (of his arrival). And at the invitation of Bhima, the king entered the city of Kundina"
The king of Kosala reflected a while and at length said, ‘I have come here to pay my respects to thee.’ And the king Bhima was struck with astonishment, and reflected upon the (probable) cause of Rituparna’s coming, having passed over a hundred yojanas. And he reflected, ‘That passing by other sovereigns, and leaving behind him innumerable countries, he should come simply to pay his respect to me is scarcely the reason of his arrival.
*A Vidarbha princess Susrava is mentioned at MBh 1:95. She was wedded to a prince named Jayatsena, of the
Lunar Dynasty. Avachina was her son.
IkshwakuKing Sagara is mentioned to have a Vidarbha princess
Agastyais mentioned to have a Vidrabha princess as his wife.
* A river named
Payoshniis mentioned to be flowing through this kingdom. Its fine landing place was constructed by the king of Vidarbha. (MBh 3:120).
Kingdoms of Ancient India
Mahabharataof Krishna Dwaipayana Vyasa, translated to English by Kisari Mohan Ganguli
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Pandya Kingdom — This article is about the kingdom of Pandya in Indian epic literature. For the historical kingdom, see Pandyan Kingdom. All the references (n:m) found in this article refer to Mahabharata, nth volume, mth chapter Pandyas were fierce warriors who… … Wikipedia
Avanti Kingdom — The former Avanti kingdom was one among the many kingdoms ruled by the Yadava kings in the central and western India. Ujjayani (Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh) was its capital along the river Kshipra, a tributary of river Charmanuati, which itself is a… … Wikipedia
Nishadha Kingdom — Nala Damayanti Nishadha was the kingdom of the celebrated king Nala, who loved and married Damayanti the princess of Vidarbha Kingdom. This kingdom is identified with current day Gwalior district of Madhya Pradesh. Nishadha was connected to… … Wikipedia
Rishika Kingdom — Rishikas were originally a tribe north to Himalayas so that they had limited interaction with Indian kingdoms. Thus they got mentioned in the epic Mahabharata. They belonged to the Xingjiang province of China, east of Kashmir. The Pandava hero,… … Wikipedia
Kosala Kingdom — Kosala Proper or Uttara Kosala is the kigdom of the celebrated personality of Treta Yuga, Raghava Rama. Ayodhya was its capital, presently in Faizabad district, Uttar Pradesh. Rama s sons Lava and Kusa inherited parts of this kingdom. Lava ruled… … Wikipedia
Saurashtra Kingdom — This article is about the kingdom of Saurashtra in Indian epic literature. For the region, see Saurashtra. Saurashtra kingdom was one among the many kingdoms ruled by Yadava kings in the central and western India. Other kingdoms in this group… … Wikipedia
Dasarna Kingdom — Asia in 1200 AD, showing the Yadava Dynasty and its neighbors. Dasarna kingdom was one of the many kingdoms ruled by Yadava kings in medieval central and western India. It lay to the south of the Chedi and Panchala kingdoms, in northern Madhya… … Wikipedia
Kuru Kingdom — The Kuru kingdom was ruled by the Kuru clan of kings. The Pandavas and Kauravas were Kurus. Other than these Kurus of India, there was another kingdom called Uttara Kurus to the north of Himalayas. The Kuru kingdom of India lay between Saraswati… … Wikipedia
Chedi Kingdom — Asia in 1200 AD, showing the Yadava Dynasty and its neighbors. Chedi kingdom (चेदि) was one among the many kingdoms ruled during early periods by Paurava kings and later by Yaduvanshi Rajput kings in the central and western India. It falls… … Wikipedia
Kamboja Kingdom — Kamboja or Kamvoja is one of the western kingdoms in the epic Mahabharata. Western kingdoms were cold countries and people used blankets. They also reared sheep and drank sheep milk. Kamboja Horses were of excellent quality. Their horses and even … Wikipedia