Armory Show


Armory Show

Many exhibitions have been held in the vast spaces of U.S. National Guard armories, but "the" Armory Show refers to the International Exhibition of Modern Art that opened in New York City's 69th Regiment Armory, on Lexington Avenue between 25th and 26th Streets, on February 17, 1913, ran to March 15, and became a legendary watershed date in the history of American art, introducing astonished New Yorkers, accustomed to realistic art, to modern art. The show served as a catalyst for American artists, who became more independent and created their own "artistic language".

History

The Armory Show, organized by Walter Pach, Arthur B. Davies and Walt Kuhn, displayed some 1,250 paintings, sculptures, and decorative works by over 300 avant-garde European and American artists. Impressionist, Fauvist, and Cubist works were represented.

News reports and reviews were filled with accusations of quackery, insanity, immorality, and anarchy, as well as parodies, caricatures, doggerels and mock exhibitions. About the modern works, President Theodore Roosevelt declared, "That's not art!!!" The civil authorities did not, however, close down, or otherwise interfere with, the show.

Among the scandalously radical works of art, pride of place goes to Marcel Duchamp's Cubist/Futurist style "Nude Descending a Staircase," painted the year before, in which he expressed motion with successive superimposed images, as in motion pictures. An art critic for the "New York Times" wrote that the work resembled "an explosion in a shingle factory," and cartoonists satirized the piece.

However, the purchase of Paul Cézanne's [http://www.metmuseum.org/Works_of_Art/viewOne.asp?dep=11&viewmode=1&item=13.66 "Hill of the Poor (View of the Domaine Saint-Joseph)"] by the Metropolitan Museum of Art signaled an integration of modernism into the established New York museums, but among the younger artists represented, Cézanne was already an established master.

Duchamp's brother, who went by the "nom de guerre" Jacques Villon, also exhibited, sold all his Cubist drypoint etchings, and struck a sympathetic chord with New York collectors who supported him in the following decades.

The exhibition went on to show in Chicago and Boston.

Legacy

Starting with a small exhibition in 1994, by 2001, the "New" New York Armory Show, held in piers on the Hudson River, evolved into a "hugely entertaining" "(New York Times)" annual contemporary arts festival with a strong commercial bent. The 2008 Armory Show did not hold back on the more crude and vulgar works, which are not unknown for the show, which has been less tame in past years.

ee also

*Experiments in Art and Technology
*American modernism
*Culture of New York City

References

* Sarah Douglas. "Pier Pressure." ARTINFO. March 26, 2008 Accessed on 15 April 2008 from http://www.artinfo.com/news/story/27204/pier-pressure/
*"Catalogue of International Exhibition of Modern Art, at the Armory of the Sixty-Ninth Infantry, Feb. 15 to Mar. 15, 1913". Association of American Painters and Sculptors, 1913.
* "The Story of the Armory Show". Walt Kuhn. New York, 1938.
* "The Story of the Armory Show". Milton W. Brown. Joseph H. Hirshhorn Foundation, distributed by New York Graphic Society, 1963. [republished by Abbeville Press, 1988.]
* "1913 Armory Show 50th Anniversary Exhibition". Text by Milton W. Brown. Utica: Munson-Williams-Proctor Institute, 1963.
* Malloy, Nancy and Stover, Catherine. "A Finding Aid to the Walter Pach Papers, 1883–1980, in the Archives of American Art." [http://www.aaa.si.edu/collectionsonline/pachwalt/index.cfm The Walter Pach Papers Online] , Smithsonian Archives of American Art.

External links

1913 Armory Show
* [http://xroads.virginia.edu/~MUSEUM/Armory/armoryshow.html Virtual re-creation of the Armory Show ] from the American Studies Programs at the University of Virginia
* [http://www.aaa.si.edu/collectionsonline/kuhnwalt/index.cfm/fuseaction/Main.Container/ContainerID/21183 1913 news and reviews of the Armory Show] from the [http://www.aaa.si.edu/collectionsonline/kuhnwalt/index.cfm "Walt Kuhn, Kuhn Family Papers, And Armory Show Records"] at the Smithsonian Institution Archives of American Art.Armory shows after 1913
* [http://www.thearmoryshow.com The "New" Armory Show]
* [http://www.artkrush.com/mailer/issue27/ Artkrush.com feature on the 2006 Armory Show (March, 2006)]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • ARMORY SHOW — ARMORY SHOW, exposition d’art C’est à l’ancienne salle d’armes du 69e régiment d’infanterie des États Unis, à New York, que la plus célèbre exposition de peinture du XXe siècle a dû son nom. Quand elle s’ouvre, le 17 février 1913, nul n’ignore le …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Armory Show —   [ ɑːmərɪ ʃəʊ], erste umfassende Ausstellung moderner europäischen Kunst in den USA, 1913 im Zeughaus (Armory) des 69. Regiments in New York. Gezeigt wurden neben Bildern von J. A. D. Ingres und E. Delacroix v. a. Werke des Impressionismus und… …   Universal-Lexikon

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  • Armory Show — formalmente Exposición internacional de arte moderno Exposición de pintura y escultura realizada en 1913, en la armería del 69° regimiento de la ciudad de Nueva York. Concebida por sus organizadores –la Asociación americana de pintores y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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