A basket is a container which is traditionally constructed from stiff fibres, often made of
willow. [http://www.bluestem.ca/willows-basketry.htm] . The top is either left open or the basket may be fitted with a lid.
Wood, bamboo, wheat, other grasses, rushes, twigs, osiers, or wickerare often used to make baskets. These items can also made today from plastic. The first baskets were woven by gatherers to collect fruits, grains, nuts, and other edible plant materials, as well as for holding fishby early fishinghumans. A creel is a basket made especially to hold fish.ll
The plant life available in a region affects the choice of material, which in turn influences the weaving technique.
Rattanand other members of the Arecaceaeor palm treefamily, the thin grasses of temperate regions, and broad-leaved tropical bromeliads each require a different method of twisting and braiding to be made into an effective basket.
Although baskets were traditionally created to serve a utilitarian rather than an aesthetic purpose, the practice of basket making has evolved into an
art. Artistic freedom allows basket makers a wide choice of colors, materials, sizes, patterns, and details.Archaeological sites in the Middle East show that weaving techniques were used to make mats and possibly also baskets, circa 8 000 BC. Baskets made with several interwoven techniques were common at 3 000 BC.
The carrying of a basket on the head, particularly by rural women, has long been practiced. Representations of this in
Ancient Greek artare called Canephorae.
Overturned woven baskets are used drummed by the
Tohono O'odhamto accompany songs (Zepeda 1995, p.89).
In modern usage, baskets are chosen chiefly for decorative purposes.
Easterbaskets are used to collect or hold treats for Easter. These baskets are normally made of plastic (not woven) and have a weave-like pattern imprinted.
Gift baskets are used to present items such as
fruit, wine, and flowers. Some baskets are used to cradle bottles of red wine to assist pouring.
Baskets made out of crystal
glassare manufactured both for decorative and utility purposes. Hot air balloons are equipped with baskets for carrying the operator and passengers.
As a demonstration of
contortionism, a basket containing a human may be repeatedly pierced with swords. The human survives through skill in avoiding the swords.
Figurative and literary usage
The phrase "
to hell in a handbasket" means "to rapidly deteriorate". The origin of this use is unclear.
Gallery of baskets
Hubbell Trading Post National Historic Site
* [http://www.bcgov.net/bftlib/sweetgra.htm Sweetgrass Baskets (African-American, South Carolina) -- Beaufort County Library]
*Zepeda, Ofelia (1995). "Ocean Power: Poems from the Desert". ISBN 0816515417.
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Basket — Bas ket, n. [Of unknown origin. The modern Celtic words seem to be from the English.] 1. A vessel made of osiers or other twigs, cane, rushes, splints, or other flexible material, interwoven. Rude baskets . . . woven of the flexile willow. Dyer.… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
basket — USA This term has a number of meanings. In the context of: • Finance, business jargon used to refer to a maximum dollar amount for a specific exception to a covenant restriction in a financing agreement. For example, a loan agreement may limit… … Law dictionary
Basket — steht für Basket (Zeitschrift), Sportzeitschrift Fruits Basket, Manga Siehe auch Basket Lake Baskett Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung z … Deutsch Wikipedia
basket — /ˈbasket, ingl. ˈbɑːskɪt/ s. m. inv. (sport) accorc. di basket ball; pallacanestro □ canestro … Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione
basket — [bas′kit, bäs′kit] n. [ME < ?] 1. a container made of interwoven cane, rushes, strips of wood, etc. and often having a handle or handles 2. the amount that a basket will hold 3. anything like a basket in shape or use 4. the structure hung from … English World dictionary
Basket — Bas ket, v. t. To put into a basket. [R.] [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Basket 1 — est une émission de télévision sportive diffusée en Belgique sur la Une (RTBF). Présentée par Frank Peterkenne et Pierre Robert, elle présente en quinze minutes les plus beaux moments du match de la soirée. Lien externe (fr) La page d émission de … Wikipédia en Français
basket — (n.) early 13c., from Anglo Fr. bascat, origin obscure despite much speculation. On one theory from L. bascauda kettle, table vessel, said by the Roman poet Martial to be from Celtic British and perhaps cognate with L. fascis bundle, faggot, in… … Etymology dictionary
basket — (del inglés) sustantivo masculino 1. (no contable) Área: deporte Uso/registro: restringido en España. Origen: América. Baloncesto: jugar al basket … Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española
basket — ► NOUN 1) a container for holding or carrying things, made from interwoven strips of cane or wire. 2) Basketball a net fixed on a hoop, used as the goal. 3) a group, category, or range: a basket of currencies. ORIGIN Old French … English terms dictionary
Basket — (engl., »Korb«), Reismaß in Niederbirma, seit 1872 = 38,836 Lit., für ungeschälten Reis 51–52, für Kargoreis mit noch 1/5 Paddy (ungeschältem) 68 Pfd. = 30,84 kg … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon