- Oath of allegiance
An oath of allegiance is an oath whereby a subject or citizen acknowledges a duty of allegiance and swears loyalty to monarch or country. In republics, modern oaths specify allegiance to the country's constitution. For example, officials in the United States, a republic, take an oath of office that includes swearing allegiance to the United States Constitution. However, in Canada, a constitutional monarchy, oaths are sworn to the Canadian monarch.
In feudal times a person would also swear allegiance to his feudal superiors. To this day the oath sworn by freemen of the City of London contains an oath of obedience to the Lord Mayor of the City of London.
Oaths of allegiance are commonly required of newly-naturalised citizens (see Oath of Citizenship), members of the armed forces, and those assuming public (particularly parliamentary and judicial) office. Clergy in the Church of England are required to take an Oath of Supremacy acknowledging the authority of the British monarch.I swear (affirm) allegiance to the King, to the Statute for the Kingdom of the Netherlands, and to the Constitution. I swear (affirm) that I will faithfully perform the duties my office lays upon me. So help me God almighty! (This I declare and affirm)
In many Commonwealth realms all that is required is an oath to the monarch, and not the constitution or state. There have been moves in some of the realms to make the oath of citizenship sworn by new citizens refer to the country rather than the monarch. However, the oaths sworn by judges, members of parliament, etc., have not been changed. In New South Wales, there are plans for MPs and ministers' oaths to be made to "Australia" rather than the Queen. All of these moves have not succeeded as the Queen is the personification of the Canadian, British, or Australian state (or that of any other Commonwealth realm). Allegiance sworn to the monarch is as same as to the country, its constitution or flag. The New Zealand Oath of Allegiance still refers to the Queen of New Zealand. The European Court of Human Rights ruled in 1999 that the oath of allegiance to a reigning monarch is "reasonably viewed as an affirmation of loyalty to the constitutional principles which support... the workings of representative democracy in the respondent State."
- Oath of Allegiance (Australia)
- Oath of Allegiance (Canada)
- Constitution of Fiji: Chapter 17
- Oath of Allegiance (Ireland)
- Oath of Allegiance (New Zealand)
- Oath of Allegiance (Philippines)
- Oath of Allegiance (Sweden)
- Oath of Allegiance (United Kingdom)
- Oath of Allegiance (United States)
- Pledge of Allegiance (Philippine)
- Pledge of Allegiance (US)
- Oath of Citizenship
- Oath of Office
- South African schools pledge
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oath of allegiance — n. An oath binding the swearer to some nation or leader. The Essential Law Dictionary. Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. Amy Hackney Blackwell. 2008. oath of allegiance an oath to be faithful and … Law dictionary
oath of allegiance — noun (also upper case) 1. (in Australia) an oath of loyalty and acknowledgement of duty of allegiance to the reigning monarch and his or her successors, taken by members of parliament and various other government office holders; in some cases, as … Australian English dictionary
oath of allegiance — An oath, required to be taken in open court by a person seeking naturalization, that he will support the Constitution of the United States; that he entirely and absolutely renounces and abjures all allegiance and fidelity to any foreign prince,… … Ballentine's law dictionary
oath of allegiance — solemn promise to remain loyal and true … English contemporary dictionary
Oath of Allegiance (United Kingdom) — King John signing the Magna Carta at Runnymede … Wikipedia
Oath of Allegiance (Canada) — Peter MacKay (left) reciting the Oath of Allegiance, as administered by Kevin G. Lynch (right), Clerk of the Privy Council, and in the presence of Governor General Michaëlle Jean (seated, centre), at Rideau Hall, 14 August 2007 The Canadian Oath… … Wikipedia
Oath of Allegiance (Ireland) — The Irish Oath of Allegiance was a controversial provision in the Anglo Irish Treaty of 1921, which Irish TDs (members of the Irish parliament) and Senators were required to take, in order to take their seats in Dáil Éireann (The Chamber of… … Wikipedia
Oath of Allegiance (New Zealand) — The New Zealand Oath of Allegiance is defined by the Oaths and Declarations Act 1957. All Oaths can be taken in either Māori or English form. It is possible to take a affirmation, which has the same legal effect as an Oath. Contents 1 Oath 2… … Wikipedia
Oath of Allegiance (United States) — The United States Oath of Allegiance (officially referred to as the Oath of Allegiance, 8 C.F.R. Part 337 (2008)) is an oath that must be taken by all immigrants who wish to become United States citizens. The first officially recorded Oaths of… … Wikipedia
Oath of Allegiance (Australia) — In Australia the Oath of Allegiance and the Affirmation of Allegiance are oaths of allegiance made to the monarch of Australia. Both are defined by the Constitution of Australia. Certain public office holders in Australia such as the Governor… … Wikipedia