- Languages of Australia
official = none
Australian languages, Tasmanian languages, Torres Strait Island languages
minority = Chinese (2.1%), Italian (1.9%), and Greek (1.4%)
QWERTYAlthough Australiahas no official language, it is largely monolingual with English being the " de facto" national language. Australian Englishhas its own distinctive accent and vocabulary. According to the 2001 census, English is the only language spoken in the home for around 80% of the population. The next most common languages spoken at home are Chinese (2.1%), Italian (1.9%), and Greek (1.4%). A considerable proportion of first- and second-generation migrants are bilingual. It is believed that there were between 200 and 300 Australian Aboriginal languages at the time of first European contact. Only about 70 of these languages have survived and all but 20 of these are now endangered. An indigenous language remains the main language for about 50,000 (0.25%) people. Australia has a sign language known as Auslan, which is the main language of about 6,500 deaf people.
Australian English (AuE, AusE, en-AU) is the form of the
English languageused in Australia.
There were about 250 languages spoken by
Indigenous Australiansprior to the arrival of Europeans. Most of these are now either extinct or moribund, with only about twenty languages still being learnt by new generations.
All the indigenous languages of
Tasmaniaare extinct today, and little reliable information about them was recorded.
Torres Strait languages
Two languages are spoken on the islands of the
Torres Strait, within Australian territory, that do not follow the general pattern that Australian Aboriginal languages do: Kala Lagaw Yaand Meriam Mir. Meriam Mir is considered to be a Papuan language, while Kala Lagaw Ya is generally thought to be an Australian language that has gained Papuan-like features due to language contact.
Pidgins and creoles
Other minority languages
Collection districts in Sydney, Australia, denoting languages other than English most spoken at home according to the 2006 Census, including Chinese (red), Arabic (dark green), Turkish (brown), Italian (light green), Vietnamese (yellow), Greek (light blue) and Maltese (pink)Many new languages have been brought to Australia by immigrants.
In the 2001 census, 2,843,851 Australians reported speaking a language other than English at home, including 50,978 speakers of Indigenous languages. Other languages were:|
Other languages spoken in Australia, according to
Ethnologue, include Adyghe, Afrikaans (12,655 speakers), Basque, Western Cham, Estonian, Scottish Gaelic, Fijian Hindustani, Hebrew, Indo-Portuguese, Northern Kurdish(11,000 speakers), Cham, Latvian (25,000 speakers), Lithuanian (10,000 speakers), Cocos Islands Malay, Mambae, Assyrian Neo-Aramaic(30,000 speakers), Chaldean Neo-Aramaic, Nung, Piemontese, Pukapuka (140 speakers), Romanian, Traveller Scottish, Senaya, Slovenian, Sylheti, Tai Dam, Tongan, Turoyo (2,000 speakers), Unserdeutsch, Uyghur, Northern Uzbek, and Eastern Yiddish.
* [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=AU Ethnologue report for Australia]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Australia — /aw strayl yeuh/, n. 1. a continent SE of Asia, between the Indian and the Pacific oceans. 18,438,824; 2,948,366 sq. mi. (7,636,270 sq. km). 2. Commonwealth of, a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, consisting of the federated states and… … Universalium
Australia — This article is about the country. For other uses, see Australia (disambiguation). Commonwealth of Australia … Wikipedia
Languages of Malta — Languages of Malta Official language(s) Maltese (100%) English (88%) Significant unofficial language(s) Italian (66%) Main … Wikipedia
Languages of the United States — Official language(s) none Main language(s) English 82.1%, Spanish 10.7%, other Indo European 3.8%, Asian … Wikipedia
Languages of Canada — Languages of Canada Official language(s) English (58%) and French (22%) Indigenous language(s) Abenaki, A … Wikipedia
Languages of New Zealand — Official language(s) English, Māori, New Zealand Sign Language Sign language(s) New Zealand Sign Language Common keyboard layout(s) … Wikipedia
Australia — from L. Terra Australis (16c.), from australis southern + IA (Cf. ia). A hypothetical southern continent, known as terra australis incognita, had been proposed since 2c. Dutch explorers called the newfound continent New Holland; the current name… … Etymology dictionary
Australia (continent) — Sahul redirects here. For the continental shelf, see Sahul Shelf. Australia (continent) Area 8,468,300 km2 (3,269,629 sq mi) Population 31,260,000 (estim … Wikipedia
Languages of the Philippines — See also: Philippine languages Languages of the Philippines Map of the dominant ethnolinguistic groups of the Philippines … Wikipedia
Languages of Nigeria — Linguistic map of Nigeria, Cameroon, and Benin … Wikipedia