- Cape Field Artillery
The Cape Field Artillery ("CFA") is an
artillery regimentof the South African Army. As a reserve unit, it has a status roughly equivalent to that of a British Territorial Armyor United States Army National Guardunit. It is part of the South African Army Artillery Formation.
The unit was raised at the old
Town Housein Greenmarket Square Cape Townon 26 August 1857and was originally named the "Cape Town Volunteer Artillery" ("CVA"). Major Duprat was the first Commanding Officer. In 1867 the Duke of Edinburgh was escorted to Cape Town from Simonstownby the Cape Town Cavalryand upon his arrival the Cape Town Volunteer Artillery, drawn up on Caledon Square, fired a Royal Saluteas he passed towards Adderley Street. The great occasion of the royal visitwas on 24 August, when the Prince laid the foundation stone of the graving dockand the "CVO" thundered out again in salute on the laying of the stone.
The Duke of Edinburgh was so impressed with the bearing of Cape Town's volunteer soldiers that, a few weeks later on 3 October 1867, a Government Notice No 318 was promulgated to the effect that he had conferred on the gunners the future designation of "Prince Alfred's Own Cape Town Volunteer Artillery" ("PAOCTVA"). The words "Cape Town" were later dropped, and the title became "Prince Alfred's Own Volunteer Artillery". In 1896, the title was changed again, to "Prince Alfred's Own Cape Artillery".
The unit served in several regional campaigns, including the 9th Frontier War of 1877 - 1879 and the
Tambookie Campaignof 1880 - 1881 on the Eastern Capefrontier, then the Basutoland Rebellionin Basutolandand the Second Anglo-Boer Warof 1899 - 1902.
In 1903, the title was changed to "Prince Alfred's Own Cape Field Artillery". Ten years later, in 1913, the unit was embodied in the
Citizen Forceof the new Union Defence Forces as the "6th Citizen Battery (PAOCFA)".
Although the Regiment did not serve on the
European continent during World War I, it did take part in the South African invasion of German South-West Africain 1915.
The battery was renumbered "1st" in 1926. In 1932, the name was changed to "Cape Field Artillery (Prince Alfred's Own)". From 1934 until the outbreak of
World War IIin 1939, the CFA formed part of the Coast Artillery Brigade.
Reorganised as the "1st Field Brigade (CFA)" in 1939, the CFA took part in every campaign of
World War IIin which South African troops were involved, including East Africa, North Africaand Italy.
The title was changed again, in 1960, to "Regiment Tygerberg". This title, imposed on the regiment, was not popular, and in 1963 it was changed back to "Cape Field Artillery", but without the princely style, which was no longer appropriate as South Africa had become a republic.
During the post-war period the Regiment was mobilised several times for duty in the
South African Border War, including Operation Savannah.
*The CFA has received the Freedom of Cape Town.
*The CFA claims to be the oldest volunteer artillery regiment in the world that is still in existence.
mottos: "Ubique" (Everywhere), "Quo Fas Et Gloria Ducunt" (Whither right or glory), "Spes Bona" (Good Hope).
Although artillery units in the South African Army do not usually receive
battle honours, the CFA was awarded the honour
* "Gunners of The Cape - The story of Cape Field Artillery" by Neil Orpen.
* [http://www.ancestry24.co.za/Ancestry24.aspx?page=content/learningcentre/military#both2 History of Cape Field Artillery.]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
Cape Garrison Artillery — The Cape Garrison Artillery (CGA) is an artillery regiment of the South African Army. As a reserve unit, it has a status roughly equivalent to that of a British Territorial Army or United States Army National Guard unit. It is part of the South… … Wikipedia
Cape Field at Fort Glenn — Infobox nrhp name = Cape Field at Fort Glenn (Umnak Island) nrhp type = nhld locmapin = Alaska mapwidth = 250 lat degrees = 53 lat minutes = 24 lat seconds = 0 lat direction = N long degrees = 167 long minutes = 53 long seconds = 0 long direction … Wikipedia
Cape Colonial Forces — The Cape Colonial Forces (CCF) were the official defence organisation of the Cape Colony in South Africa. Established in 1855, they were taken over by the Union of South Africa in 1910, and disbanded when the Union Defence Forces were formed in… … Wikipedia
Cape Town Rifles — The Cape Town Rifles Regiment (also referred to as the Dukes) is an infantry regiment of the South African Army. As a reserve unit, it has a status roughly equivalent to that of a British Territorial Army or United States Army National Guard unit … Wikipedia
Traditional Cape Regiments — The Traditional Cape Regiments are the five traditional South African Army volunteer regiments from Cape Town, South Africa.These regiments are: * Cape Field Artillery * Cape Town Rifles (Dukes) * Cape Town Highlanders * Cape Garrison Artillery * … Wikipedia
South African Army Artillery Formation — The South African Army Artillery Formation is the controlling entity of all South African Army artillery units.UnitsThe Formation consists of both regular and reserve units: Regular units* Artillery Formation Headquarters * School of Artillery *… … Wikipedia
Mayor of Cape Town — Flag of Cape Town Incumbent … Wikipedia
Battle of Cape Girardeau — The Battle of Cape Girardeau was a military demonstration of the American Civil War, occurring on April 26, 1863 in Cape Girardeau, Missouri. The conflict was part of the pursuit of US Brigadier General John McNeil through Southeast Missouri by… … Wikipedia
Battle of Cape Esperance — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Cape Esperance caption=The heavily damaged Japanese cruiser Aoba disembarks dead and wounded crewmembers near Buin, Bougainville and the Shortland Islands a few hours after the battle on October 12,… … Wikipedia
Battle for Henderson Field — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle for Henderson Field partof=the Pacific Theater of World War II caption=Dead soldiers and destroyed tanks from the Japanese 17th Army lie at the mouth of the Matanikau River after a failed assault on U.S.… … Wikipedia