Snider-Enfield

Snider-Enfield

Infobox Weapon
name=Snider-Enfield


caption=
origin=flagcountry|United Kingdom
type=Service rifle
is_ranged=yes
is_UK=yes
service=1866-1901
used_by=United Kingdom & Colonies
wars= British colonial wars, New Zealand land wars, North-West Rebellion, Anglo-Zulu War, Boer War
designer=RSAF Enfield
design_date=1860
manufacturer=RSAF Enfield
production_date=1863-1875
number=approx. 250,000-500,000
variants= Snider-Enfield Carbine
weight= 8 lb 9 oz (3.8 kg) (unloaded)
length=49.25 in (1250mm)
part_length=
cartridge= .577 Snider
caliber= .577 Snider
action= Side-hinged breechblock
rate= 10 rounds/minute
velocity= 875fps
range=1000yds (1097m)
max_range=2000yds
feed=Single shot
sights=Sliding ramp rear sights, Fixed-post front sights

The British .577 Snider-Enfield is a type of breech loading rifle. It was one of the most widely used of the Snider varieties, (the action invented by the American Jacob Snider). It was adopted by Britain as a conversion system for its ubiquitous Enfield 1853 rifled musket muzzle loading arms. In trials, the Snider Pattern 1853 conversions proved both more accurate than original Pattern 1853s and much faster firing as well. From 1866 on the rifles were converted in large numbers at the Royal Small Arms Factory (RSAF) Enfield beginning with the initial pattern, the Mark I.

New rifles started as Pattern 1853s, but received a new breechblock/receiver assembly. Converted rifles retained the original iron barrel, furniture, locks and hammer. The Mark III rifles were newly made, with steel barrels which were so marked, flat nosed hammers, feature a latch-locking breech block.

The Snider was the subject of substantial imitation, approved and questionable, including the near exact copy of the Nepalese Snider, the Dutch Snider, Danish Naval Snider, and the "unauthorised" adaptations of the French Tabatiere and Russian Krnka. It served throughout the British Empire, including the Cape Colony, India, Australia, New Zealand and Canada, until its gradual phase out by the Martini-Henry, beginning in 1874 but still being used by volunteer and militia forces until the late 1880s.

Distinguishing Characteristics

The Snider-Enfield Infantry rifle is 54 1/4 inches, longer than most rifles of the time. It used a new type of metal cased cartridge called a Boxer cartridge after its designer. The breech block houses a diagonally downward sloping firing pin struck with a front-action lock mounted hammer. The action operates by the shooter cocking the hammer, flipping the block out of the receiver to the right by grasping the left mounted breech block lever, and then pulling the block back to extract the spent case. There is no ejector, the case being lifted out or, more usually, the rifle being rolled onto its back to allow the case to drop out. The rifles are usually marked Mk I, Mk II or Mk III, the Mark IIIs being those with steel barrels and locking latches on the breech blocks in place of the simple integral block lifting tang.

Variants

The Snider-Enfield was also produced as a Carbine, being a shorter version of the full-length infantry rifle. Carbine rifles were issued to Cavalry and Artillery units.

There are also "Trade Pattern" Snider-Enfields, being Snider-Enfields made for private purchase by various English gun-makers. These were often intended for sale to members of volunteer military units, or simply to anyone who might wish to purchase a rifle.

Other articles

*British military rifles
*Antique Guns

External links

* [http://www.militaryheritage.com/snider.htm Loading and Firing a Snider Enfield]


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См. также в других словарях:

  • Snider-Enfield Rifle — Allgemeine Information Zivile Bezeichnung: Snider Enfield …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Enfield revolver — Enfield Mk II Revolver Type Service revolver Place of origin …   Wikipedia

  • Snider — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Snider est un patronyme : Jacob Snider (1811–1866) , inventeur américain, permit la transformation du fusil Enfield Pattern 1853 en fusil Enfield… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fusil Enfield Pattern 1853 — Le fusil militaire britannique Enfield Pattern 1853 est un rifle musket (fusil à poudre noire, à un coup, se chargeant par la bouche, à canon rayé et à mise à feu par capsules de fulminate de mercure) produit par l Arsenal royal d Enfield (et des …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pattern 1853 Enfield — Rifle Musket 1853 Enfield Rifle Musket Type Rifled Musket Place of origin …   Wikipedia

  • Martini-Enfield — Mk I Mk II Type Service rifle Place of origin United Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • .577 Snider — Infobox Firearm Cartridge name= .577 Snider caption= (From Left to Right): A .577 Snider cartridge, a Zulu War era rolled brass foil .577/450 Martini Henry Cartridge, a later drawn brass .577/450 Martini Henry cartridge, and a .303 British Mk VII …   Wikipedia

  • Jacob Snider — otherusesJacob Snider (1811 1866) was an American mechanical genius. He invented and patented a method of converting existing muzzle loading rifles into breech loading rifles, notably the Snider Enfield.Originally from Montgomery Georgia, Snider… …   Wikipedia

  • Jacob Snider (disambiguation) — Jacob Snider is a name shared by several people:* Jacob Snider (???? 1866), developer of the Snider Enfield breech loading rifle * Jacob Buehler Snider, Lieutenant Governor of Mississippi from 1936 1940 …   Wikipedia


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