Vlorë


Vlorë

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Vlorë
native_name = Vlora
other_name =
settlement_type =
motto =



imagesize =
image_caption = View over Vlora


image_

seal_size =
image_shield =
shield_size =
city_logo =
citylogo_size =


mapsize =
map_caption =


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
image_dot_

dot_mapsize =
dot_map_caption =
dot_x = |dot_y =
pushpin_

pushpin_label_position =
pushpin_map_caption =
pushpin_mapsize =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = Albania
subdivision_type1 = County
subdivision_name1 = Vlorë County
subdivision_type2 = District
subdivision_name2 = Vlorë District
subdivision_type3 =
subdivision_name3 =
subdivision_type4 =
subdivision_name4 =
government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Shpëtim Gjika (PS)
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
leader_title2 =
leader_name2 =
leader_title3 =
leader_name3 =
leader_title4 =
leader_name4 =
established_title = Founded
established_date = 6th century BC
established_title2 =
established_date2 =
established_title3 =
established_date3 =
area_magnitude =
unit_pref =
area_footnotes =
area_total_km2 =
area_land_km2 =
area_water_km2 =
area_total_sq_mi =
area_land_sq_mi =
area_water_sq_mi =
area_water_percent =
area_urban_km2 =
area_urban_sq_mi =
area_metro_km2 =
area_metro_sq_mi =
population_as_of = 2006
population_footnotes =
nickname =
population_total = 124,000
population_density_km2 =
population_density_sq_mi =
population_metro =
population_density_metro_km2 =
population_density_metro_sq_mi =
population_urban =
population_density_urban_km2 =
population_density_urban_sq_mi =
population_blank1_title =
population_blank1 =
population_density_blank1_km2 =
population_density_blank1_sq_mi =
timezone = Central European Time
utc_offset = +1
timezone_DST = CEST
utc_offset_DST = +2
latd=40 |latm=27 |lats=|latNS=N
longd=19 |longm=29|longs=|longEW=E
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 0
elevation_ft = 0
postal_code_type =
postal_code =
area_code =33
blank_name =Car Plates
blank_info =VL
blank1_name =
blank1_info =
website = http://www.bashkiavlore.org
footnotes =

Vlorë or Vlora (Ancient Greek: Αυλών, "Aulón", meaning "Valley", or possibly from a Greek reinterpretation of an earlier archaic form), [ [http://books.google.com/books?id=M1JIPAN-eJ4C&pg=PA398&lpg=PA398&dq=Aulon+Vlore+etymology&source=web&ots=idprN-HVVN&sig=jA5ZN8hlnecFpyiidAjLSx32V2Q&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=2&ct=result google book reference] : Placenames of the World: Origins and Meanings of the Names for 6,600 Countries, Cities, Territories, Natural Features, and Historic Sites By Adrian Room Published by McFarland, 2005 ISBN 0786422483, 9780786422487 433 pages Quote: "The town was founded as the Greek colony of Aulon apparently from the identical Greek word meaning "valley" or possibly a reinterpretation of an existing pre-Greek name"] is the second largest port city of Albania, after Durrës, with a population of about 124,000 (2006 estimate).

Location

The city is located in Albania, in the District of Vlorë and County of Vlorë at coord|40|28|N|19|29|E|type:city(85,000)_region:AL.

Vlorë occupies an eminence near the Bay of Vlorë, an inlet of the facing the Adriatic Sea, almost surrounded by mountains. The port of Vlorë is the closest in proximity to the port of Bari, Italy and is just 70 nautical miles from Salento's coasts. The island of Sazan is in close proximity to the city, strategically located at the entrance to the Bay of Vlorë. The town has rather a pleasant appearance, surrounded with gardens and olive groves. Valonia, a material largely used by tanners, is the pericarp of an acorn obtained in the neighboring oak forests, and derives its name from Valona, the ancient name of Vlorë.

History

Vlorë is one of the oldest cities of Albania. It was founded by Greeks in the 6th century BC and named Aulōn, one of three such colonies on the Illyrian coast [ [http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/631621/Vlore Vlore from Encyclopaedia Britannica] Quote: "town that is the second seaport of Albania. It lies at the head of Vlorës Bay, which is protected by the mountainous Karaburun (peninsula) and the island of Sazan (Italian Saseno, ancient Saso). Of ancient origin, it was founded as Aulon, one of three Greek colonies on the Illyrian coast. It was strategically important during Roman times and in the 11th–12th-century wars between Normans and Byzantines. Later it was contested by Venetians, Serbs, and Turks. On Nov. 28, 1912, Ismail Qemal proclaimed there the independence of Albania. Vlorë was occupied by the Italians in 1915–20 and again in 1939. During World War II Sazan was used as a German and Italian submarine base. After the war the town’s harbour and submarine facilities were improved by the Soviet Union, which used the bay as a naval base until 1961, when conflict between the two states resulted in a Soviet departure. Vlorë’s population includes Muslims, Greek Orthodox, and a few Roman Catholics"] , mentioned for the first time by Ptolemy (Geographia, III, xii, 2). Other geographical documents, such as Peutinger's "Tabula" and the "Synecdemus" of Hierocles, also mention it. The city was an important port of the Roman Empire, when it was part of Epirus Nova.

It became an episcopal see in the 5th century. Among the known bishops are Nazarius, in 458, and Soter, in 553 (Daniele Farlati, "Illyricum sacrum", VII, 397-401). The diocese at that time belonged to the Patriarchate of Rome. In 733 it was annexed, with all eastern Illyricum, to the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, and yet it is not mentioned in any "Notitiae episcopatuum" of that Church. The bishopric had probably been suppressed, for, though the Bulgarians had been in possession of this country for some time, Aulon is not mentioned in the "Notitiae episcopatuum" of the Patriarchate of Achrida. Vlorë played a central role in the conflicts between the Norman Kingdom of Sicily and the Byzantine Empire during the 11th and 12th centuries. During the Latin domination a Latin see was established, and Eubel (Hierarchia catholica medii aevi, I, 124) mentions several of its bishops. Several of the Latin bishops mentioned by Le Quien ("Oriens christianus", III, 855-8), and whom Eubel (I, 541) mentions under the See of Valanea in Syria, belong either to Aulon in Greece (now Salona) or to Aulon in Albania (Vlorë).

Serbia captured Vlorë, or Valona, as it was also called, in 1345 and it was captured by the Ottoman Empire in 1417; and after being in Venetian possession in 1690, was restored to the Turks in 1691, becoming a caza of the "sandjak" of Berat in the vilayet (province) of Janina. The city had about 10,000 inhabitants; there was a Catholic parish, which belonged to the Archdiocese of Durrës; it persisted nominally as a Titular see, suffragan of Durrës.

In 1851 it suffered severely from an earthquake.

Ismail Qemali declared Albania's independence in Vlorë on November 28, 1912, during the First Balkan War. The city became Albania's first capital but was invaded by Italy in 1914 and occupied until 1920. Italy again invaded Vlorë in 1939, following which Nazi Germany occupied the city until 1944.

During World War II, the island of Sazan in Bay of Vlorë became the site of a German and Italian submarine base and naval installations; these were heavily bombed by the Allies.After WWII, under communism, the port was leased to the Soviet Union as a submarine base, and played an important part in the conflict between Enver Hoxha and Khrushchev in 1960-1961, as the Soviet Union had made considerable investments in the naval facilities and objected strongly to the loss of them as a consequence of Albania denouncing the USSR as 'revisionist' and taking the Chinese side in the split in the world communist movement. The Soviet Union threatened to occupy Vlora with Soviet troops in April 1961, and cut off all Soviet economic, military and technical aid to Albania. The threat was not carried out, as a result of the simultaneous development of the Cuban missiles crisis, but Hoxha realized how vulnerable Albania was, and, after the USSR invaded Czechoslovakia in 1968, he built the tens of thousands of ubiquitous concrete bunkers that still litter the entire Albanian landscape. Under Hoxha Vlorë was an important recruiting centre for the Sigurimi, the secret police.

In 1997, Vlorë was the center of popular riots after the collapse of several fraudulent investment schemes that led to the downfall of the Sali Berisha administration, and almost precipitated the country into a civil war.

Economy

Vlorë remains a major seaport and commercial centre, with a significant fishing and industrial sector. The surrounding region produces petroleum, natural gas, bitumen and salt. The city is also the location of important installations of the Albanian Navy.

Vlorë has grown in importance as an agricultural center with very large-scale planting of olive and fruit trees, and as a center of the food processing, oil and bitumen export industries.

The surrounding district is mainly agricultural and pastoral, producing oats, maize, cotton, olive oil, cattle, sheep, skins, hides and butter. These commodities are exported.

Tourism has become a major industry in recent years, with many hotels, recreational centers, and vast beaches. It is a pleasant place to relax, to have a coffee and admire the beautiful view over the Bay of Vlorë.

People

*Kristaq Mitro - film director
*Ibrahim Muçaj - film director
*Haxhi Dalipi - musician, composer, conductor.
*Shao Agaj-king
*Skënder Kamberi - painter
*Nestor Jonuzi - painter
*Josif Gjipali - tenor
*Agim Sulaj - painter
*Aurela Gaçe - singer
*PONI - singer
*Ibrahim Sulejman Vogli- boxer
*Selam Musai- national hero (against the Italians 1920)
*Perlat Musta- goalkeeper (Partizani, national team)
*Kadri Hazbiu- Minister of Defence (1974-1981)
*Bejto Isufi- military general (Led the military parade 1974)
*Hysni Kapo - Secretary of the Central Committee of PLA
*Sabaudin Xhaferi - painter, art director, cartoonist
*Laert Aleksi Xhaferi - painter, Sabaudin Xhaferi' son

ister Cities

* Hollywood, Florida, USA

ee also

*History of Albania
*List of cities in Albania
*Tourism in Albania

ources and References


*Catholic
*1911
* "Vlorë." "Encyclopædia Britannica", 2005
* "Vlorë." "The Columbia Encyclopedia", 2004
* "Vlorë or Vlora, Ital. Valona, ancient Aulon." Crystal Reference Encyclopedia, 2001
* [http://www.imaginaryplanet.net/essays/travel/albania2/tourism.html Tourism Information about Vlore, Albania (Written by American Robert Nagle in 2002).]

Citations

External links

* [http://www.bashkiavlore.org Municipality of Vlora, official site.] (Site in Albanian and partial in English)
* [http://www.vloralive.com Vlora Live] (Albanian)
* [http://www.vloraport.com Vlora Port Authority] (Albanian)
* [http://www.vlora.it Site of Vlora City (Albanian)]
* [http://www.shqiperia.com/foto/vlora-lg.php Photos of Vlorë] (site in Albanian)
* [http://thealbanians.com/igallery/viewer.php?albid=9&stage=1 Picture Gallery of Vlora] (Website in English)
* [http://www.thealbanians.com/video_archives/videos/sports/partizan_flamurtari_second_game.php Flamurtari of Vlora vs Partizan in Belgrade] (soccer game)
* [http://www.thealbanians.com/video_archives/videos/sports/barcelona_flamurtari.php Barcelona vs Flamurtari of Vlora in Spain] (soccer game)
* [http://www.univlora.edu.al University of Vlora ]



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vlorë — Vlorë …   Wikipedia Español

  • Vlorë —   [ vlorə], italienisch Valona [v ], Hauptstadt des gleichnamigen Bezirks im Süden von Albanien, an der Bucht von Vlorë (Adriatisches Meer), 76 000 Einwohner; Stadtmuseum; Zementfabrik, Konserven , Leder und Textilindustrie; Endpunkt einer… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Vlorë — Vlorë, Sudoccidental ► Distrito del SO de Albania, en la región homónima, junto al Adriático; 1 609 km2 y 180 725 h. Cap., la c. homónima (73 800 h), que fue escenario de la independencia de Albania (1912) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Vlorë — Vlora Vlora Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vlorë — Vlora DEC …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vlorë — /vlawr euh, vlohr euh/, n. a seaport in SW Albania. 58,400. Also, Vlore, Vlona /vloh neuh/. Italian, Valona. Formerly, Avlona. * * * ▪ Albania also called  Vlora , Geg dialect  Vlonë , Italian  Valona        town that is the second seaport of… …   Universalium

  • Vlorë — Aulon (Latin), Aulonas Αυλώνας (Greek), Avlonya (Turkish), Avlona (Italian alternate), Flora (Croatian), Vlorë / Vlora (Albanian), Valona (English alternate, German, Italian, Serbian) …   Names of cities in different languages

  • Vlore — Original name in latin Vlor Name in other language Au lon, Au’lon, Avlon, Avlona, Avlonas, Avlonya, Vallona, Valona, Vl ora, Vliore, Vlior Vljora, Vlona, Vlone, Vlon Vlora, Vlore, Vlor Vlyora, Vora, Wlora, beulloleo, fa luo la, flwrh, vurora, wlo …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Vlorë — Sp Vliòrė Ap Vlorë L Albanija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Vlore — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Vlorë Country and Admin Code AL.51 AL …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.