- Central and Western District
Infobox HK District
official_name = Central and Western District
map_caption = Location in
google = http://maps.google.com/maps?ll=22.272806,114.128551&spn=0.058545,0.078359&t=k&hl=en
leader_title = District Officer
leader_name = Miss
Eliza Yau, JP
constituencies = 15
area_magnitude = 1 E9
area_total = 12.4
population_as_of = 2006
population_total = 250,064
population_density = 20,102
latitude = 22°17' N
longitude = 114°09' E
website = [http://www.districtcouncils.gov.hk/central/english/welcome.htm Central and Western District Council]
The Central and Western District (zh-t|t=中西區) located on northern part of
Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong, is one of the 18 administrative 18 districts of the city-state. It had a population of 261,884 in 2001. The district has the most educated residents with the second highest income and the third lowest population.
Central is the
central business districtand the core urban area of Hong Kong. Western was part of City of Victoriaone of the areas of early settlement in Hong Kong.
Central District was the first area of planned urban development in Hong Kong. The site of
Victoria Citywas also the capital during the colonial era. The British held a land sale in June 1841, 6 months after the flag was raised at Possession Point. 51 lots of land were sold to 23 merchant houses to build offices and warehouses. Some of the property buyers included Dent's, Jardine's, Russell's and Olyphant's. At the time, the 2 roads Albany Nullah (now Garden rd) and Glenealy Nullah (now Glenealy rd) were mainly reserved for British use. The streets later became known as Government Hill [Wordie, Jason.  (2002) Streets: Exploring Hong Kong Island. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press. ISBN 962-2095631] .
In 1857, the British government expanded Victoria City and divided it into seven districts. The ones located in present-day Central and Western are:
Sai Ying Pun, Sheung Wan, Tai Ping Shan, Central. The area was essentially a European area until 1860 when Chinese merchants begin buying up European properties around Cochrane, Wellington and Pottinger Streets. The Central district was the principal European business district, hence the arrival of the first large scale bank HSBC. The Western district was the commercial centre for Chinese businesses. When the value of the district raised, a meeting was held in February 1866 to establish a "District Watch Force" to police and protect this specific area [Tsai Jung-fang.  (1995). Hong Kong in Chinese History: community and social unrest in the British Colony, 1842-1913. Columbia University Press. ISBN 0231079338] .
Shek Tong Tsuiwas established, followed by Kennedy Townin the 20th century. By 1890s the majority of Hong Kong's population was concentrated in the district with about 200,000 residents, mostly in Victoria City [Sanderson, Edgar.  (1897) The British Empire in the Nineteenth Century: Its Progress and Expansion at Home and Abroad. Blackie publishing. No ISBN digitalized doc from Stanford university] .
District councils in Hong Kong are primarily consultative bodies of the HKSAR government with very limited powers, primarily restricted to building and maintaining parks, open areas, recreational and cultural activities and tourist promotion.
District council elections are held every four years; the last one was held on
November 23 2003for terms beginning January 1, 2004. 15 constituency members are elected while 4 are appointed by the government. The constituency areas are smaller than the commonly used geographic areas, which are in turn based on the old 1857 and 1880 divisions.
* Castle Road (衛城道)
* Peak (山頂)
Kennedy Town(堅尼地城) and Mount Davis (摩星嶺)
* Belcher (寶翠)
Shek Tong Tsui(石塘咀)
Sai Ying Pun(西營盤)
* Centre Street (正街)
* Water Street (水街)
Current members are:
* CHAN Tak-chor (陳特楚)(chairman) (Liberal)
* WU Chor-nam (胡楚南)(vice-chaiman) (appointed)
* CHAN Chit-kwai, Stephen (陳捷貴)
* LAM Kin-lai (DAB) (appointed)
* CHAN Choi-hi, Dominic (陳財喜)
* CHENG Lai-king (鄭麗瓊)(Democratic Party)
* LIN Mark (Liberal)
* CHUNG Yam-cheung (DAB)(appointed)
* TAI Cheuk-yin, Leslie Spencer
* HO Chun-ki (何俊麒)(Democratic Party)
* Victor YEUNG (楊浩然)(Democratic Party)
* Cyd HO Sau-lan (former legislator) (The Frontier)
* YEUNG Wai-foon (DAB)
* KAM Nai-wai(甘乃威) (Democratic Party)
* YOUNG Siu-chuen, Albert (appointed)
* KWOK Ka-ki (郭家麒)
* YUEN Bun-keung (阮品強)(Democratic Party)
* LAI Kwok-hung (黎國雄)
Hong Kong's 2001
censusput the total population of the district at 261,884, with 89,545 households. Among the 18 districts, Central and Western has the second highest median household incomein the territory (HK$25,350 per month, behind only Wan Chai District, and is at a par with Wan Chai in median monthly per capita income, at HK$13,000 per month. In terms of average size of households, it is third smallest at 2.8 persons, behind only Wan Chai and Yau Tsim Mong District, at 2.7 each.
Geography and political subdivisions
The district is located at coord|22|17|00|N|114|09|00|E|, based on the location of the General Post Office). With an area of 12.4 km², the district occupies the northwestern portion of Hong Kong Island. It is surrounded by
Wan Chai Districton the east, Southern District on the south, and Victoria harbourin the north. The district also encompasses Green Island and Little Green Island, two uninhabited islands to the west of Hong Kong Island.
Areas from west to east along Victoria Harbour are: Kennedy Town, Sai Ying Pun, Sheung Wan, Central, Admiralty.
Neighbourhoods within the district are listed from east to west.
Central is the business centre of Hong Kong, and many multinational
financial servicescorporations have their headquarters there. Government Hill, the site of the government headquarters, is also in Central.
Central mid-levels escalator
The Central-Mid-levels escalator in
Hong Kongis the longest outdoor covered escalatorsystem in the world. The system is 800 meters long, connecting Des Voeux RoadCentral, in Central with Conduit Roadin the Mid-levels, passing through narrow streets in Soho.
The escalator runs downhill from 6 am to 10 am and uphill from 10.20 am to 12.00 am (
midnight) everyday. Apart from its significance in transport linkage, it is also a tourist attraction, with many restaurants, bars, and shops lining its route.
Bank of China Tower
The Bank of China Tower in Central houses the headquarters of BOCHK. Designed by
I. M. Pei, the 70 storey building's height is 315 meters with two masts reaching 369 meters. Construction began in 1985 and the building was completed in 1989. It was the first building outside the United Statesto exceed 1,000 feet and to exceed 300 metres. It was the tallest building in Hong Kong and Asia from 1989 to 1992, when the nearby, taller Central Plazawas completed.
Built in 1962, the City Hall complex housed the old central library of Hong Kong, as well as concert halls, restaurants and a marriage registry. The conference room of the former Urban Council was also at the lower building of the City Hall.
The garden at the north-western side of the complex includes a memorial to those killed in Hong Kong during World War II.
Chinese People's Liberation Army Forces Hong Kong Building
The funnel-shaped Chinese People's Liberation Army Forces Hong Kong Building (formerly, and still commonly known as the Prince of Wales Building) housed the headquarters of the British garrison in Hong Kong until the territory's handover to the People's Republic of China on
June 30, 1997. It now houses the local garrisonof the People's Liberation Armyand is formally known as Central Barracks, in line with PLA convention for naming barracks after the name of the locality.
* Cenotaph, Hong Kong
Chinese People's Liberation Army Forces Hong Kong Building(formerly the Prince of Wales Building)
Edinburgh Place, Hong Kong – including Queen's Pierand the Star Ferrypier
* Exchange Square
Former Supreme Court Building
Hong Kong Zoological and Botanical Gardens
Hong Kong Club
Hong Kong Park
HSBC Hong Kong headquarters building
International Finance Centre
Lan Kwai Fong
* Legislative Council building
* Lippo Centre
* Old Bank of China Building
St. John's Cathedral, Hong Kong
St. Joseph Church, Hong Kong
St. Paul's Church, Hong Kong
St. Paul's Co-educational College
The First Church of Christ, Scientist, Hong Kong
Union Church, Hong Kong
ai Ying Pun
Sai Ying Pun Community Complex
* The Center
Arranged by alphabetical order of their full names in each category.
* King's College [http://kings.school.net.hk/]
Caritas St. Francis Secondary School[http://www.fps.edu.hk/]
Lok Sin Tong Leung Kau Kui College[http://lstlkkc.school.net.hk/]
* Raimondi College [http://raimondi.school.net.hk/]
St. Clare's Girls' School[http://stclare.school.net.hk/index.html]
* St. Joseph's College [http://sjc.edu.hk/]
* St. Louis School [http://www.stlouis.edu.hk/]
St. Stephen's Church College[http://home.netteens.net/~sscc/]
* St. Stephen's Girls' College [http://www.ssgc.edu.hk/web/index.asp]
Ying Wa Girls' School[http://www.ywgs.edu.hk/]
Direct Subsidy Scheme(DSS)
Hon Wah Middle School[http://www.honwah.edu.hk/] , [http://honwah.school.net.hk/]
St. Margaret's Girls' College, Hong Kong[http://www.smgchk.edu.hk/]
St. Paul's Co-educational College[http://spcc.school.net.hk/]
* St. Paul's College [http://spc.hkcampus.net/]
* Carmel School [http://www.carmel.edu.hk]
German Swiss International School[http://www.gsis.edu.hk/]
Island School[http://www.island.edu.hk/] (under funding of English Schools Foundation, subsidized by government)
Sear Rogers International School, Hong Kong Island[http://www.sear-rogers.com/sris/]
Vocational and night schools (privately-funded)
Sacred Heart Canossian College of Commerce[http://www.shccc.edu.hk]
* St. Paul's Secondary Evening School
The University of Hong Kong
Caritas Francis Hsu College
List of buildings, sites and areas in Hong Kong
Tourism in Hong Kong
* [http://www.districtcouncils.gov.hk/central/english/welcome.htm Central and Western District Council]
* [http://www.eac.gov.hk/pdf/distco/2007dc/dc2007a.pdf List and map of electoral constituencies (large PDF file)]
* [http://www.nima.mil/gns/html/index.html Coordinates are courtesy of the GNS system of the
National Imagery and Mapping Agency] .
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Central and Western Democratic Power — (zh t|t=中西區民主力量) is a local political group in the Central and Western district of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People s Republic of China. It was convened by Kam Nai Wai, a member of Democratic Party and Central and Western … Wikipedia
Central And Western — est un des dix huit districts de Hong Kong. Située au nord ouest de l île de Hong Kong, il a été la première zone urbanisée au temps de la colonisation anglaise, et représente encore aujourd hui le principal centre politique et économique de la… … Wikipédia en Français
Central and western — est un des dix huit districts de Hong Kong. Située au nord ouest de l île de Hong Kong, il a été la première zone urbanisée au temps de la colonisation anglaise, et représente encore aujourd hui le principal centre politique et économique de la… … Wikipédia en Français
Central and Western — est un des dix huit districts de Hong Kong. Situé au nord ouest de l île de Hong Kong, il a été la première zone urbanisée au temps de la colonisation anglaise, et représente encore aujourd hui le principal centre politique et économique de la… … Wikipédia en Français
Central Troy Historic District — U.S. National Register of Historic Places U.S. Historic district … Wikipedia
Central Greene School District — is the school district for the children of Waynesburg, Pennsylvania. Central Greene School District (CGSD) became a merged district in 1962 when the borough of Waynesburg and the townships of Perry, Whiteley, Franklin, Wayne, and Washington… … Wikipedia
Metropolitan and Metropolitan District Railways — The Metropolitan Railway (MetR) and the Metropolitan District Railway (District) were the first two underground railways to be built in London, creating the world s first metro system. Although separate and independent companies and often fierce… … Wikipedia
Campaign to Suppress Bandits in Central and Southern China — Infobox Military Conflict conflict= Campaign to Suppress Bandits in Central and Southern China partof=the Chinese Civil War place=Shandong, China date=April, 1949 June, 1953 result=Communist victory combatant1= combatant2= commander1= ?… … Wikipedia
Portland and Western Railroad — Infobox SG rail railroad name=Portland Western Railroad logo filename=PNWRLogo.jpg logo size=126 marks=PNWR, WPRR locale=Oregon, United States start year=1995 end year=present old gauge= hq city=Salem, OregonThe Portland and Western Railroad… … Wikipedia
Chicago and Western Indiana Railroad — Reporting mark CWI Locale Chicago, IL area Dates of operation 1880– Track gauge 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) ( … Wikipedia