- Hassan Nasrallah
Infobox Politician| name = Hassan Nasrallah
Secretary-General of Hezbollah
birth_date =birth date and age|1960|08|30
Bourj Hammoud, Beirut, Lebanon
Hassan Nasrallah ( _ar. حسن نصرالله) (b.
August 31 1960, Bourj Hammoud, [ [http://www.tkb.org/KeyLeader.jsp?memID=5785 TKB profile of Hassan Nasrallah] ] Beirut, Lebanon)cite news | url = http://www.aljazeera.com/cgi-bin/review/people_full_story.asp?service_id=6849 | title = Profile: Sayid Hasan Nasrallah | publisher = Aljazeera.com| date = 2000-07-17| accessdate = 2006-07-30 ] is the current Secretary General of the Lebanese Islamistparty and paramilitary organisation Hezbollah.
Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah was born the ninth of ten children in East Beirut's
Bourj Hammoudneighborhood on August 31, 1960. His father, Sayyed Abdul Karim, was born in a small village near the city of Tyre in Jabal Amelin South Lebanon. Although his family was not particularly religious, Nasrallah was interested in religious studies. He attended Al-Najah school and later a public school in Sin el-Fil, Beirut.
In 1975, the civil war in Lebanon forced the family to move to their ancestral home in
Bassouriyeh,cite web | url = http://indybay.org/uploads/biographical_sketch_of_sayid_hasan_nasrallah.pdf
format = PDF | title = Biographical sketch of Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah: “The Nasrallah Enigma” | date =
2003-11-10| publisher = "Al-Bawaba" | accessdate = 2006-07-30 ] where Hasan Nasrallah completed his secondary education at the public school of Sour ( Tyre). Here he joined the Amal Movement, a political group representing Shiitesin Lebanon.
Sayyed Nasrallah and Lebanese religious leader
Sayyed Mohammad Hussein Fadlallahstudied at a theological college in the Beqaa Valleytown of Baalbek. The school followed the teachings of Iraqi-born Ayatollah Mohammad Baqir al-Sadr, who founded the Dawamovement in Najaf, Iraqduring the early 1960s. [cite web
last = O'Dwyer
first = Thomas
authorlink = Thomas O'Dwyer
url = http://www.dushkin.com
title = Hizbullah's ruthless realist
work = Violence and Terrorism 2000, p. 70
publisher = Dushkin/McGraw-Hill, ISBN 0-07-031072 - "He has lived up to our initial assessment," said an Israeli intelligence source. "He is tough, but more intellectual in a broader sense than Musawi. But he has steered close to Musawi's line and kept good relations with Amal, the Syrians, and [Iran] " The source said Nasrallah has kept an eye on making Hizbullah a legitimate political force as well as a military one."] Iraqi dictator
Saddam Husseinhad Sadr executed in 1980. After a period of Islamic study in Najaf, Nasrallah returned to Lebanon in 1978 when Iraq expelled hundreds of Lebanese religious students. He studied and taught at the school of Amal’s leader Abbas al-Musawi, later being selected as Amal's political delegate in Beqaa, and making him a member of the central political office.
Sayyed Nasrallah joined Hezbollah after the Israeli invasion in 1982. [ [http://www.aljazeera.com/cgi-bin/review/people_full_story.asp?service_id=6849 Profile: Sayyed Hasan Nasrallah] ] His fiery sermons drew the admiration of
Shiitefollowers who joined Sayyed Nasrallah in organizing Hezbollah. In 1987, Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah traveled to a seminary in Qom, Iranfor religious studies. He returned to the war in Lebanon in 1989 and later that year, went back to Iran to represent Hezbollah.
In 1991, Musawi became secretary general of Hezbollah and Sayyed Nasrallah returned to Lebanon. Nasrallah replaced Musawi as Hezbollah's leader after the latter was killed with his wife and child by Israeli forces. [ [http://www.cfr.org/publication/11132/ Profile: Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah] ] Nasrallah lived in South Beirut with his wife Fatimah Yasin (who comes from the Lebanese village of Al-Abbasiyah)cite web | url = http://indybay.org/uploads/biographical_sketch_of_sayid_hasan_nasrallah.pdf
format = PDF | title = Biographical sketch of Sayyed Hasan Nasrallah: “The Nasrallah Enigma” | date =
2003-11-10| publisher = "Al-Bawaba" | accessdate = 2006-07-30 ] and five children: Muhammad Haadi (d. 1997), Muhammad Jawaad, Zainab, Muhammad Ali and Muhammad Mahdi. In September 1997, his eldest son Muhammad Haadi was killed by Israeli forces in Jabal al-Rafei in southern Lebanon.
In the mid-1970s he moved to a Shiite Hawzah (Islamic Seminary) in the Iraqi holy city of
Najafto study the Qur'an, completing the first stage of his studies in 1978 before being forced to leave by the Iraqi authorities. Despite his ongoing commitment to Hezbollah, in 1989 Sayyed Nasrallah resumed his efforts to become a religious jurist by moving to the Iranian city of Qomto further his studies. Sayyed Nasrallah believes that Islam holds the solution to the problems of any society, once saying, “With respect to us, briefly, Islam is not a simple religion including only praises and prayers, rather it is a divine message that was designed for humanity, and it can answer any question man might ask concerning his general and private life. Islam is a religion designed for a society that can revolt and build a state.” [ [http://www.aljazeera.com/cgi-bin/review/people_full_story.asp?service_id=6849 Profile: Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah] ]
Leadership of Hezbollah
Nasrallah became the leader of
Hezbollahafter Israel assassinated the movement’s leader Abbas al-Musawiin 1992. Hezbollah's military campaigns of the late 1990s were the main factors that led to the Israeli decision to withdraw from Southern Lebanon in 2000, thus ending 18 years of occupation. This move greatly increased Hezbollah's popularity in Lebanon and across the Islamic countries.
Consequently, Nasrallah is widely credited in Lebanon and the
Arab worldfor ending the Israeli occupation in Southern Lebanon, something which has greatly bolstered the party's political standing within Lebanon. [ [http://www.brookings.edu/views/op-ed/telhami/20060730.htm The Brooking Institution - Hezbollah's Popularity Exposes al-Qaeda's Failure to Win the Hearts] ]
Nasrallah also played a major role in a complex prisoner exchange deal between Israel and Hezbollah in 2004, resulting in hundreds of Palestinian and Lebanese prisoners being freed and the dead body of his son with many more returning to Lebanon. The agreement was described across the Arab world as a great victory for Hezbollah with Nasrallah being personally praised for achieving these gains. [cite news|url=http://www.islamonline.net/English/Views/2004/03/article01.shtml|title=Hizbullah, Vanguard and liberator|date=
A December article in the London-based
Asharq Al-Awsatreported that command of the organization's military wing was transferred from Nasrallah to his deputy, Na'im Qasim in August 2007. [ [http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3482538,00.html Report: Nasrallah replaced as head of Hizbullah military wing] ] Hezbollah has refuted this claim, declaring it an attempt "weaken the popularity" of the movement. [ [http://www.dailystar.com.lb/article.asp?edition_id=1&categ_id=2&article_id=87477 Resistance dismisses 'rumors' of high-level shakeup] ]
Hassan Nasrallah's official website used to be: www.nasrollah.net (This website is now defunct)"Profiles in Terror: The Guide to Middle East Terrorist Organizations"By
Aaron Mannes,Published by Rowman & Littlefield, 2004,ISBN 0742535258, 9780742535251,372 pages,p178] "Shaping the Current Islamic Reformation"By Barbara Allen Roberson,Contributor Barbara Allen Roberson,Published by Routledge, 2003,ISBN 0714653411, 9780714653419,262 pages,p 245] "The Internet and Politics: Citizens, Voters and Activists"By Sarah Oates, Diana Marie Owen, Rachel Kay Gibson, Diana Owen,Published by Routledge, 2006,ISBN 041534784X, 9780415347846,228 pages,p 109-110] The official site contained a biography of Nasrollah, updated news, an archive of speaches and interviews, an photographic archive, and more.Since 2006 his current website is: Wa3ad.org.
National compact with Free Patriotic Movement of Michel Aoun
Nasrallah negotiated a Memorandum of Understanding with the
Free Patriotic Movementof Michel Aoun, the former premier and a Maronite Christian. Aoun described the ten-point compact in an op-ed in the Wall Street Journalpublished July 31, 2006. A key point is that Hezbollah agreed to disarm upon the return of its prisoners and the occupied Shebaa Farms. It also agreed to the pardon and return of fugitive South Lebanon Army(SLA) members now declared traitors. The Free Patriotic Movement in turn agreed to work for reform of the confessional electoral system of the Parliament of Lebanonand move it in the direction of one man, one vote. Aoun made the point that the political process was in effect disarming Hezbollah without any loss in lives from unnecessary wars. [ [http://online.wsj.com/article_email/SB115429780106621697-lMyQjAxMDE2NTM0MTIzOTE3Wj.html See History Will Judge Us All On Our Actions] ] Critics of this agreement say that is not very clear concerning the disarmament, and that it strengthened Hezbollah internally, giving it a non-Shiite cover.
2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict
August 3, 2006,Hassan Nasrallah vowed to strike Tel Avivin retaliation for Israel's bombardment of Lebanon's capital, Beirut. "If you hit Beirut, the Islamic resistance will hit Tel Aviv and is able to do that with God's help," Nasrallah said in a televised address. He said in his television address Hezbollah forces were inflicting maximum casualties on Israeli ground troops. [cite news|url=http://www.cnn.com/2006/WORLD/meast/08/03/mideast.main/index.html|title=Hezbollah threatens to strike Tel Aviv|date= 2006-08-03|accessdate=2006-08-03]
Even before the conflict ended, Nasrallah came under intense criticism from pro-Western Arab regimes, including
Jordan, Egypt, and Saudi Arabia. Jordan's King Abdullah II and Egyptian President Hosni Mubarakwarned on July 14th of the risk of "the region being dragged into adventurism that does not serve Arab interests," while Saudi Foreign Minister Prince Saud Al-Faisal called the Hezbollah attacks "unexpected, inappropriate and irresponsible acts." He went further, saying, "These acts will pull the whole region back to years ago, and we cannot simply accept them." [cite news|url=http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1150886011436&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull|title=Correct the damage|date= 2006-07-16|accessdate=2006-08-28]
Nasrallah also came under intense criticism from some in Lebanon.
Walid Jumblatt, leader of the Progressive Socialist Partyof Lebanonand the most prominent leader of the Druzecommunity, spoke out quite forcefully: "Great, so he's a hero. But I'd like to challenge this heroism of his. I have the right to challenge it, because my country is in flames. Besides, we did not agree..." [cite news|url=http://www.memritv.org/search.asp?ACT=S9&P1=1201|title=Lebanese Druze Leader Walid Jumblatt Accuses Hizbullah, Iran, and Syria for Lebanon Crisis|date= 2006-07-20|accessdate=2006-08-28] Jumblatt is also quoted as saying: "He is willing to let the Lebanese capital burn while he haggles over terms of surrender."
Following the cease-fire, which Nasrallah and Hezbollah declared a great victory, came what is known as the "Green Flood" ("Al-sayl al-akhdhar"), according to Iranian-born journalist
Amir Taheri. "This refers to the massive amounts of U.S. dollar notes that Hezbollah is distributing among Shiites in Beirut and the south. The dollars from Iran are ferried to Beirut via Syria and distributed through networks of militants. Anyone who can prove that his home was damaged in the war receives $12,000, a tidy sum in wartorn Lebanon." [cite news|url=http://www.opinionjournal.com/editorial/feature.html?id=110008847|title=Hezbollah Didn't Win|date= 2006-07-25|accessdate=2006-08-28]
In a TV interview aired on Lebanon's New TV station, Sunday, 27 August, Nasrallah said that he would not have ordered the capture of two Israeli soldiers if he had known it would lead to such a war: "We do not think, even 1 percent, that the capture led to a war at this time and of this magnitude. I'm convinced and sure that this war was planned and that the capture of this hostages was just their excuse to start this war, but if I had known on July 11 ... that the operation would lead to such a war, would I do it? I say no, absolutely not." [cite news|url=http://www.khaleejtimes.ae/DisplayArticleNew.asp?xfile=data/middleeast/2006/August/middleeast_August736.xml§ion=middleeast|title=Hezbollah leader says he never thought capture would lead to war|date=
2006-08-28|accessdate=2006-08-28] [cite news |url=http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3284065,00.html |title="Hassan Nasrallah: Leader of Shiite terrorist organization, Hizbullah" |publisher= Haaretz|date= 2006-07-31|language=English]
Views on international politics
On Israel and the Arab-Israeli conflict
*Nasrallah said "There is no solution to the conflict in this region except with the disappearance of Israel". [cite news | url = http://www.theage.com.au/text/articles/2006/07/14/1152637865649.html | title = Little choice for a defiant Israel | first = Andrew | last = Markus | publisher =
The Age| date = July 15, 2006| accessdate = 2006-07-30 ]
*In another interview with "
The Washington Post", Nasrallah said "I am against any reconciliation with Israel. I do not even recognize the presence of a state that is called 'Israel.' I consider its presence both unjust and unlawful. That is why if Lebanon concludes a peace agreement with Israel and brings that accord to the Parliament our deputies will reject it; Hezbollah refuses any conciliation with Israel in principle.". [cite news | url =http://www.library.cornell.edu/colldev/mideast/hzblhnsr.htm | title = Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah Q&A: What Hezbollah Will Do | | publisher = The Washington Post| date = February 20, 2000| accessdate = 2006-08-08 ]
*Despite declaring "death to Israel" in his public appearances, Nasrallah said in an interview to "
The New Yorker", "At the end of the road no one can go to war on behalf of the Palestinians, even if that one is not in agreement with what the Palestinians agreed on." [cite news | url = http://www.newyorker.com/fact/content/articles/030728fa_fact | title = The Syrian Bet | first = Seymour M. | last = Hersh | publisher = The New Yorker| date= July 18, 2003 | accessdate = 2006-08-07 ] When asked whether he was prepared to live with a two-state settlement between Israel and Palestine, he said he would not sabotage what is a "Palestinian matter", but that until such a settlement is reached, he will continue to encourage Palestinian suicide bombers. [cite news | url = http://www.nybooks.com/articles/17060#fn6 | title = In Search of Hezbollah | first = Adam| last = Shatz | publisher = The New York Review of Books| date= April 29, 2004 | accessdate = 2006-08-07 ]
*On May 26, 2000, After the Israeli withdrawal from south Lebenon Hassan Nassrallah said: "I tell you: this "Israel" that owns nuclear weapons and the strongest air force in this region is more fragile than a spiderweb". ["The Best American Magazine Writing 2003"By American Society of Magazine Editors,Contributor David Remnick,Published by HarperCollins, 2003,ISBN 0060567759, 9780060567750,464 pages,Page 88] [cite web
url = http://www.camera.org/index.asp?x_context=7&x_issue=11&x_article=1158
title = "Hassan Nasrallah: In His Own Words"
date = 2006-07-26
language = English
] Arie W. Kruglanski,
Moshe Ya'alon, Bruce Hoffman, Efraim Inbar, and YNETinterpret the "spider web" theory as the notion, articulated by Hezbollah leader Hassan Nasrallah, that Israel's reverence for human life, the hedonistic nature of the Israeli society, and its self-indulgent Western values make it weak, soft, and vulnurable. Such a society, though technologically advanced, will crumble under continued war and bloodshed. ["Israel's National Security: Issues and Challenges Since the Yom Kippur War"By Efraim Inbar,Published by Routledge, 2008,ISBN 0415449553, 9780415449557,281 pages,Page 229] [cite web
url = http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3284065,00.html
title = "Fact file: Hassan Nasrallah - Leader of Shiite terrorist organization, Hizbullah"
date = 2006-07-31
language = English
] [Bruce Hoffman in"Homeland Security and Terrorism: Readings and Interpretations"By Russell D. Howard, James J. F. Forest, Joanne C. Moore,Published by McGraw-Hill Professional, 2006,ISBN 0071452826, 9780071452823,400 pages,Page 64 (Chapter 5 "The logic of suicide terrorism")] [Arie W. Kruglanski in"Tangled Roots: Social and Psychological Factors in the Genesis of Terrorism"By Jeffrey Ivan Victoroff, NATO Public Diplomacy Division,Contributor Jeffrey Ivan Victoroff,Published by IOS Press, 2006,ISBN 158603670X, 9781586036706,477 pages,Pages 68-69 (Chapter 4, "The psychology of terrorism: "Syndrom" versus "Tool" perspectives")]
On Killing Israeli civilians
Joseph Alagha, The Hezbollah and its leader Hassan Nasrallah regard the Jews living in Israel, either civilian or not, as "racist Zionists Jews" who should be killed. ["The Shifts in Hizbullah's Ideology: Religious Ideology, Political Ideology, and Political Program"By Joseph Elie Alagha,Published by Amsterdam University Press, 2006,ISBN 9053569103, 9789053569108,380 pages,Page 188]
On Jews and Judaism
Shaul Shai, The Hassan Nasrallah has often made sharp anti-Semitic statements that not only revile Israel as a state, but also the entire Jewish people, while using themes taken from classic and Muslim anti-Semitism."Islamic Terror Abductions in the Middle East"By Shaul Shay,Published by Sussex Academic Press, 2007,ISBN 1845191676, 9781845191672,197 pages,P 78] Two of the examples he quotes:
*According to Shaul Shai, Hassan Nasrallah said in a speech delivered in Beirut and aired on Al-Manar TV in
September28, 2001: "What do the Jews want? They want security and money. Throughout history the Jews have been Allah's most cowardly and avaricious creatures. If you look all over the world, you will find no one more miserly or greedy than they are.".
*In a 1998 speech marking the
Day of Ashura, and published in what was Hassan Nasrallah's official website ["Profiles in Terror: The Guide to Middle East Terrorist Organizations"By Aaron Mannes,Published by Rowman & Littlefield, 2004,ISBN 0742535258, 9780742535251,372 pages,p178] ["Shaping the Current Islamic Reformation"By Barbara Allen Roberson,Contributor Barbara Allen Roberson,Published by Routledge, 2003,ISBN 0714653411, 9780714653419,262 pages,p 245] ["The Internet and Politics: Citizens, Voters and Activists"By Sarah Oates, Diana Marie Owen, Rachel Kay Gibson, Diana Owen,Published by Routledge, 2006,ISBN 041534784X, 9780415347846,228 pages,p 109] at that time, Nasrallah referred to Israel as "the state of the grandsons of apes and pigs – the Zionist Jews" and condemned them as "the murderers of the prophets."cite web|title=" Based on Koranic Verses, Interpretations, and Traditions, Muslim Clerics State: The Jews Are the Descendants of Apes, Pigs, And Other Animals " |url= http://memri.org/bin/articles.cgi?Page=archives&Area=sr&ID=SR01102#_edn6 |publisher= MEMRI|date=2002-11-01| language=English] "Terror on the Internet: The New Arena, the New Challenges"By Gabriel Weimann,Contributor Bruce Hoffman,Published by United States Institute of Peace Press, 2006,ISBN 1929223714, 9781929223718,309 pages,Page 90] "The Axis of Evil: Iran, Hizballah, And The Palestinian Terror"By Shaul Shai,Published by Transaction Publishers, 2005,ISBN 0765802554, 9780765802552,262 pages,Page 131] MEMRI, CAMERAand Shaul Shai interpret this language as broadly antisemitic.cite web
url = http://www.camera.org/index.asp?x_context=7&x_issue=11&x_article=1158
title = "Hassan Nasrallah: In His Own Words"
date = 2006-07-26
language = English]
*Badih Chayban in his
October 23 2002article in The Daily Star, Nasrallah said that "if [Jews] all gather in Israel, it will save us the trouble of going after them worldwide." [cite web| date=2004-05-23| url=http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9B0CEEDB1F3CF930A15756C0A9629C8B63&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=1
title= The Enemy Within| publisher=New York Times]
Charles Glassbelieves that the quotation was likely a fabrication, citing other published accounts of Nasrallah's speech that had no reference to the anti-Semitic comment, and statements by the editor-in-chief of the Lebanese newspaper which published the quotes, that questioned both the translation and the "agenda of the translator." Glass also wrote that a Hezbollah spokeswoman, Wafa Hoteit, denied that Nasrallah made the statement. [http://www.lrb.co.uk/v28/n19/letters.html LRB · letters page from Vol. 28 No. 19 ] ]
*Saad-Ghorayeb quotes Hassan Nasrallah as saying, "If we searched the entire world for a person more cowardly, despicable, weak and feeble in psyche, mind, ideology and religion, we would not find anyone like the Jew. Notice, I do not say the Israeli."cite news | url = http://www.jeffreygoldberg.net/articles/tny/a_reporter_at_large_in_the_par.php | title = IN THE PARTY OF GOD Are terrorists in Lebanon preparing for a larger war? by Jeffrey Goldberg | | publisher =
The New Yorker| date = October 14, 2002| accessdate = 2007-03-03 ] Muhammad Fnaysh, 15 August 1997. [http://img504.imageshack.us/my.php?
] Saad-Ghorayeb, 2002, [http://img72.imageshack.us/my.php?
Charles Glassquestions the attribution of the quote to Nasrallah, noting that both the footnote in Saad-Ghorayeb's book and her original dissertation instead attribute the quote to an interview she conducted with a Hezbollah member of the Lebanese Parliament, Muhammad Fneish. [London Review of Books. [http://www.lrb.co.uk/v29/n01/letters.html "Letters - Vol. 29, No. 1"] .]
September 11, 2001 attacksand the United States
*"What do the people who worked in those two
World Trade Centertowers, along with thousands of employees, women and men, have to do with war that is taking place in the Middle East? Or the war that Mr. George Bush may wage on people in the Islamic world? ... Therefore we condemned this act -- and any similar act we condemn. ... I said nothing about the Pentagon, meaning we remain silent. We neither favored nor opposed that act .... Well, of course, the method of Osama bin Laden, and the fashion of bin Laden, we do not endorse them. And many of the operations that they have carried out, we condemned them very clearly."
George W. Bush, the Official White Housewebsite, the Claremont Institute, and CAMERA, cite Hassan Nasrallah as saying during a speech aired on Beirut Al-Manar Television in September 27, 2002: "Let the entire world hear me. Our hostility to the Great Satan is absolute. … I conclude my speech with the slogan that will continue to reverberate on all occasions so that nobody will think that we have weakened. Regardless of how the world has changed after 11 September, Death to America will remain our reverberating and powerful slogan: Death to America"cite web |title="In Their Own Words: What the Terrorists Believe, What They Hope to Accomplish, and How They Intend to Accomplish It" |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2006/09/20060905-7.html |publisher= The White House|date=2006-09-01| language=English] cite web |title="Terrorists-In Their Own Words" |url=http://www.claremont.org/publications/pubid.47/pub_detail.asp |publisher=The Claremont Institute|date=2006-09-05| language=English] cite news |title="President Bush Delivers Remarks on the War on Terror" |url=http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/09/05/AR2006090500656.html |publisher= The Washington Post|date=2006-09-05| language=English] BBC Monitoring: Al-Manar, Sep. 27, 2002 cited in: cite web |title="Hassan Nasrallah: In His Own Words" |url=http://ww.camera.org/index.asp?x_context=7&x_issue=11&x_article=1158 |publisher= CAMERA|date=2006-07-26| language=English]
Salman Rushdieand the Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy
*During the 2006
Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy, Hezbollah leader Hassan Nasrallahdeclared in a speech aired on Al-ManarTV and Al-JazeeraTV that: "If there had been a Muslim to carry out Imam Khomeini's "fatwā" against the renegade Salman Rushdie, this rabble who insult our Prophet Mohammed in Denmark, Norwayand France would not have dared to do so. I am sure there are millions of Muslims who are ready to give their lives to defend our prophet's honour and we have to be ready to do anything for that." [cite news |url=http://www.natashatynes.com/newswire/2006/02/hezbollah_killi.html |date=Feb. 2, 2006|title=Hezbollah: Rushdie death would stop Prophet insults|publisher=AFP] [cite web |url=http://www.memri.org/bin/articles.cgi?Page=archives&Area=sd&ID=SP108806 | accessdate=2006-02-07 |title="Hizbullah Leader Nasrallah: Implementing Khomeini's Fatwa against Salman Rushdie Would Have Prevented Current Insults to Prophet Muhammad; Great French Philosopher Garaudy Proved Holocaust a Myth" | publisher= MEMRI|language=English] Holocaust denial
*According to the Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs and
Robert Satloff, in a speech carried during the Shi'ite Moslem "Ashura" flagellation ceremony on April 9, 2000, Hassan Nasrallah said that: "The Jews invented the legend of the Naziatrocities. It is clear that the numbers they talk about are greatly exaggerated".cite web|title="Excerpts from Speech by Hizbullah Secretary-General Nasrallah" |url=http://www.mfa.gov.il/MFA/MFAArchive/2000_2009/2000/4/Excerpts%20from%20Speech%20by%20Hizbullah%20Secretary-Genera |publisher= Israel Ministry of Foreigm Affairs|date=2000-04-09| language=English] [cite news
title="Hidden History of the Arabs"
language=English] [cite news
title="LOST HISTORY DEPT: The Holocaust's Arab Heroes"
language=English] [cite web
title="The Holocaust's Arab Heroes"
Raoul Wallenberg foundation
MEMRI, in a speech aired on Al-Manar TV and Al-Jazeera TV in 2006, Hizbullah leader Hassan Nasrallah expressed support for Holocaust denier Roger Garaudycalling him a "great French philosopher" who "proved that this Holocaustis a myth". [cite web |url=http://www.memri.org/bin/articles.cgi?Page=archives&Area=sd&ID=SP108806 | accessdate=2006-02-07 |title="Hizbullah Leader Nasrallah: Implementing Khomeini's Fatwa against Salman Rushdie Would Have Prevented Current Insults to Prophet Muhammad; Great French Philosopher Garaudy Proved Holocaust a Myth" | publisher= MEMRI|language=English]
The Palestinian refugees in Lebanon
*"The Lebanese refuse to give the Palestinians residing in Lebanon Lebanese citizenship, and we refuse their resettlement in Lebanon. There is Lebanese consensus on this...we thank God that we all agree on one clear and definite result; namely, that we reject the resettlement of the Palestinians in Lebanon." [Passner, Deborah. [http://www.camera.org/index.asp?x_context=7&x_issue=11&x_article=1158 "Hassan Nasrallah: In His Own Words."] "". 26 July 2006. 18 November 2006. This article was reprinted in CAMERA's "On Campus" magazine in the Fall 2006 issue.]
Pre-2000 Israeli occupation of Lebanon
*"If we are to expel the Israeli occupation from our country, how do we do this? We noticed what happened in Palestine, in the West Bank, in the Gaza Strip, in the Golan, in the Sinai. We reached a conclusion that we cannot rely on the
Arab Leaguestates, nor on the United Nations.... The only way that we have is to take up arms and fight the occupation forces."Wright, Robin. [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/07/14/AR2006071401401_pf.html "Inside the Mind of Hezbollah."] "washingtonpost.com". 16 July 2006. 18 November 2006.]
Nasrallah in popular songs
Two popular songs were written about Nasrallah during the
2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict, with vastly different views of the Hezbollahleader: The Hawk of Lebanonin the West Bankand Gaza Strip, and Yalla Ya Nasrallahin Israel.More recently in 2007, Lebanese singer Alaa Zalzalicomposed a tribute song entitled Ya Nasrallah.Another popular song composed in tribute to him was by Lebanese Christian singer Julia Boutros, called "Ahebba'i" meaning "my loved ones", which was inspired by Nasrallah's words in a televised message he sent to Hezbollah fighters in southern Lebanon during the 2006 War.
* [http://english.wa3ad.org Promise For The Resistance Movement Support]
* [http://www.moqawama.org/english/secretary.php Moqawama Islamic Resistance Lebanon website]
* [http://www.manartv.com.lb/NewsSite/News.aspx?language=en Al-Manar TV]
* [http://www.zmag.org/content/showarticle.cfm?ItemID=10677 "Hizballah: A Primer"] , Lara Deeb, 07/31/06
* [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/07/14/AR2006071401401.html?nav=hcmodule, "Inside the Mind of Hezbollah"] , Washington Post, 7/16/2006.
* [http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,204726,00.html "Hezbollah: The Major Leagues of Terrorism?"] , 7/20/2006.
* [http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3283155,00.html Nasrallah: Israel temporary country YNET]
*Daniel Sobelman. "New Rules of the Game: Israel and Hizbollah After the Israeli Withdrawal", Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies, Tel Aviv, 2004
[http://indybay.org/uploads/2003/11/10/biographical_sketch_of_sayyed_hassan_nasrallah.pdf The Nasrallah Enigma] , Al-Bawaba, 11/10/03
* [http://www.fas.org/irp/news/2006/08/nasrallah.html "Seyyed Hasan Nasrallah's Autobiography"] , "Ya Lesarat Ol-Hoseyn" (Tehran),
Federation of American ScientistsIntelligence Resource Program, 2006- 08-10
* [http://www.cfr.org/publication/11132/hassan_nasrallah.html?breadcrumb=%2F Profile: Hassan Nasrallah] by
Council on Foreign Relations
* Latest speeches by Sayyid Hasan Nasrallah translated into English: [http://www.insight-info.com www.insight-info.com]
peeches and interviews
* [http://www.filistinetkinlik.com/index.php?pid=72 Nasrallah's Sun Video]
* [http://www.insight-info.com/articles/item.aspx?i=1157 Speech given on May 26, 2008]
* [http://youtube.com/watch?v=PN2LS4bNda0 Video Clip of Speech given on August 14, 2007]
* [http://switch3.castup.net/cunet/gm.asp?ai=214&ar=1541wmv&ak=null Interview on August 11, 2007]
* [http://video.google.ca/videoplay?docid=8092625733707245697 Speech given on December 7, 2006]
* [http://www.islamicdigest.net/v61/content/view/1880/0/ Interview with Al-Jazeera on July 20, 2006]
* [http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article14483.htm Speech on August 8, 2006]
* [http://www.islamicdigest.net/v61/content/view/1887/0/ Speech on August 3, 2006]
* [http://www.islamicdigest.net/v61/content/view/1879/0/ Speech on July 31, 2006]
* [http://www.islamicdigest.net/v61/content/view/1870/0/ Speech on July 14, 2006]
* [http://www.islamicdigest.net/v61/content/view/1701/0/ Speech on March 8, 2005]
* [http://multimedia.repubblica.it/home/425272?ref=hpmm Video Clip of Victory Speech on September 22, 2006]
* [http://switch5.castup.net/frames/20041020_MemriTV_Popup/video_480x360.asp?ai=214&ar=1309wmv&ak=null Interview with Al-Jazeera]
* [http://www.stateofnature.org/beirutFile.html The Beirut File: An Interview with Hassan Nasrallah by Mahir Tan] (May, 2003)
ALTERNATIVE NAMES= حسن نصرالله (Arabic)
SHORT DESCRIPTION=Secretary General of
DATE OF BIRTH=
August 31 1960
PLACE OF BIRTH=
Burj Hammud, Beirut, Lebanon
DATE OF DEATH=living
PLACE OF DEATH=
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Nasrallah — (Arabic: نصرالله ) is a male Arabic given name, meaning Victory of God , and is used by Muslims and Christians alike. It may also be transliterated as Nasrollah (mainly Iranian) or Nasrullah. In modern usage it may appear as a surname. It may… … Wikipedia
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