- Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Israel)
The Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Hebrew: משרד החוץ, Misrad HaHutz; Arabic: وزارة الخارجية) is one of the most important ministries in the Israeli government. The ministry's role is to implement Israel's foreign policy, and promote economic, cultural, and scientific relations with other countries.
In the early months of 1948, when the government of the future State of Israel was being formed, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs was housed in a building in the abandoned Templer village of Sarona, on the outskirts of Tel Aviv. Moshe Sharett, formerly head of the Political Department of the Jewish Agency, was placed in charge of foreign relations.
Israel maintains diplomatic relations with 160 countries. It operates 70 embassies, 18 consulates-general and 5 special missions: a mission to the United Nations (New York), a mission to the United Nations institutions in Geneva), a mission to the United Nations institutions in Paris, a mission to the United Nations institutions in Vienna and an ambassdor to the European Union (Brussels).
In October 2000, Morocco, Tunisia and the Sultanate of Oman closed the Israeli offices in their countries and suspended relations with Israel. Niger, which renewed relations with Israel in November 1996, severed them in April 2002. Venezuela and Bolivia severed diplomatic ties with Israel in January 2009, in the wake of the IDF operation against Hamas in Gaza.
Foreign ministry building
The new building of the Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Kiryat Ben-Gurion, the government complex near the Knesset, was designed by Jerusalem architects Kolker, Kolker and Epstein in association with Diamond, Donald, Schmidt & Co. of Toronto. The building consists of three wings: One houses the offices of the Foreign Minister and director-general, another houses the diplomatic corps and the library, and the third is used for receptions. The outside walls of the reception hall incorporate onyx plates that diffuse an amber light. In June 2001, the design won the prize for excellence from the Royal Institute of Architects of Canada. The building is described as a "sophisticated essay in the play between solid and void, mass and volume, and light and shadow."
- Official website (English)
- Official website (Hebrew)
- Official website (Arabic)
- All Ministers in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Knesset website (English)
Foreign Affairs Ministers of IsraelSharett (1948–56) · Meir (1956–66) · Eban (1966–74) · Allon (1974–77) · Dayan (1977–79) · Shamir (1980–86) · Peres (1986–88) · Arens (1988–90) · Levy (1990–92) · Peres (1992–95) · Barak (1995–96) · Levy (1996–98) · Sharon (1998–99) · Levy (1999–2000) · Ben-Ami (2000–01) · Peres (2001–02) · Netanyahu (2002–03) · Shalom (2003–06) · Livni (2006–09) · Lieberman (2009–)
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