- United States Greenback Party
Infobox Historical American Political Party
party name= Greenback Party
Populism, women's suffrage, labor rights
preceded by= N/A
The Greenback Party (also known as the Independent Party, the National Party, and the Greenback-Labor Party) was an American political party that was active between 1874 and 1884. Its name referred to paper money, or "greenbacks," that had been issued during the
American Civil Warand afterward. The party opposed the shift from paper money back to a specie-based monetary system because it believed that privately owned banks and corporations would then reacquire the power to define the value of products and labor. Conversely, they believed that government control of the monetary system would allow it to keep more currency in circulation, as it had in the war. This would better foster business and assist farmersby raising prices and making debts easier to pay. It was established as a political partywhose members were primarily farmers financially hurt by the Panic of 1873.
The Greenback Party was founded at a meeting in
Indianapolis, Indiana, on November 25, 1874. It was originally called the Independent Party or the National Party. In 1878, it was the largest force involved in the election of 21 independents to the United States Congress. In 1880 the Greenback Party broadened its platform to include support for an income tax, an eight hour day, and allowing women the right to vote. The party's influence declined quickly, and after 1884 it was no longer a force in American politics. Many Greenback activists, including 1880 Presidential nominee James B. Weaver, later participated in the Populist Party.
Other than name, there is no continuity between this historic movement and the 1952 campaign of
Seattle, Washingtongrocer Frederick C. Proehl( May 24, 1880-June 1970) and Edward J. Bedell [cite news | title = It's a Free Country | pages = | publisher = Time Magazine| date = 1952-09-01| url = http://www.time.com/time/magazine/printout/0,8816,816859,00.html | accessdate = 2006-10-03 ] , nor that of Whitney Hart Slocomband Edward Kirby Meadorin 1960. [ [http://www.guide2womenleaders.com/Candidates1870.htm "Female presidential candidates 1870-1990"] , Guide To Women Leaders. Retrieved 1/11/08.]
11/25/1874 - Organizational Convention in
5/16-18/1876 - Academy of Music, Indianapolis, Indiana. There were 239 delegates present from 17 states.
Peter Cooperwas nominated for President with 352 votes to 119 for three other contenders. Newton Boothwas nominated for Vice President by a vote of 418 to 58 scattering. When Booth declined to run, the national committee substituted Samuel F. Cary.
6/9-11/1880 - Exposition Hall,
Chicago, Illinois. There were 714 delegates present. James B. Weaver was nominated for President with 224.5 votes to Hendrick B. Wrightwith 126.5, Stephen D. Dillayewith 119, and 246 scattering. (After the roll call, all delegates who had supported other candidates shifted their votes to Weaver: New York Times 6/12/1880.) Benjamin J. Chamberswas nominated for Vice President with 403 votes to 311 for Absolom M. West.
5/28-29/1884 - English's Opera House, Indianapolis, Indiana. All states were represented except
Delawareand Mississippi. Benjamin F. Butler was nominated for President with 323 votes to 98 for Jesse Harperand five scattering. Absolom M. West was unanimously nominated for Vice President. Butler had been nominated for President two weeks earlier by the Anti-Monopoly Party's National Convention.
9/12/1888 - Cincinnati. Only eight delegates attended, and no candidates were nominated.
The following were Greenback members of the
U.S. House of Representatives: 46th United States Congress, March 4, 1879 - March 3, 1881.
William M. Lowe(1842-1882), Alabama's 8th congressional district
Albert P. Forsythe(1830-1906), Illinois' 15th congressional district
Gilbert De La Matyr(1825-1892), "National" Indiana's 7th congressional district
James B. Weaver(1833-1912), Iowa's 6th congressional district
Edward H. Gillette(1840-1918), Iowa's 7th congressional district
George W. Ladd(1818-1892), Maine's 4th congressional district
Thompson H. Murch(1838-1886), Maine's 5th congressional district
Nicholas Ford(1833-1897), Missouri's 9th congressional district
Daniel Lindsay Russell(1845-1908), North Carolina's 3rd congressional district
Seth H. Yocum(1834-1895), Pennsylvania's 20th congressional district
* George Washington Jones (1828-1903),
Texas's 5th congressional district
Bradley Barlow(1814-1889), Vermont's 3rd congressional district 47th United States Congress, March 4, 1881 to March 3, 1883.
* William M. Lowe, Alabama's 8th congressional district. [seated June 3, 1882, subsequently died August 12, 1882. Seat filled by Democrat
Joseph Wheelerafter special election.]
* George W. Ladd, Maine's 4th congressional district
* Thompson H. Murch, Maine's 5th congressional district
Ira S. Hazeltine Missouri's 6th congressional district
Theron M. Rice Missouri's 7th congressional district
* Nicholas Ford, Missouri's 9th congressional district
Joseph H. Burrows Missouri's 10th congressional district
James Mosgrove, Pennsylvania's 25th congressional district
* George Washington Jones, Texas' 5th congressional district
48th United States Congress, March 4, 1883 to March 3, 1885.
Benjamin F. Shively, Anti-Monopolist Indiana's 13th congressional district
Luman Hamlin Weller, Iowa's 4th congressional district 49th United States Congress, March 4, 1885 to March 3, 1887.
* James B. Weaver, Iowa's 6th congressional district
50th United States Congress, March 4, 1887 to March 3, 1889.
* James B. Weaver, Iowa's 6th congressional district
* cite book
last = Lause
first = Mark
authorlink = Mark Lause
title = The Civil War’s Last Campaign: James B. Weaver, the National Greenback-Labor Party & the Politics of Race and Section
University Press of America
date = 2001
United States Note
List of political parties in the United States
"Ohio Elects the President" (Mansfield OH: Bookmasters, 2000), pp. 50-59.
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