- Prince of Wales Fort
- For other uses of the name "Prince of Wales", see: Prince of Wales (disambiguation).
Prince of Wales Fort Churchill, Manitoba, Canada
Prince of Wales Fort
Type Fortress Coordinates Coordinates: Built 1717 (log fort) and 1731-1771 In use 1717-1782 Current
Partially restored Battles/wars Hudson Bay expedition (1782)
The European history of this area starts with the discovery of Hudson Bay in 1610. The area was recognized as important in the fur trade and of potential importance for other discoveries. The fort is built in a European "star" shape.
This fort began as a log fort built in 1717 by James Knight of the Hudson's Bay Company and was originally called the "Churchill River Post". In 1719, the post was renamed Prince of Wales Fort, but is more commonly known today as Fort Prince of Wales. It was located on the west bank of the Churchill river to protect and control the Hudson's Bay Company's interests in the fur trade.
Construction on the fort, a structure still standing today, was started in 1731 near what was then called edit] In battle
In 1782, with only 39 (non-military) men manning the fort, three French warships, led by Jean-François de La Pérouse, took it over without a single shot being fired. The fort's Governor at the time, Samuel Hearne, having quickly recognised the numerical and military imbalance, surrendered immediately. The fort returned to the HBC in 1783 after the French had partially destroyed it. Thereafter, its importance began to wane with the decline in the fur trade although the post was refounded a little way up the river.
None of the original structures are intact with roofs long deteroriated:
- Rough Stone Dwelling House
- Governor's Quarters
- Men's Quarters and Barracks
- Stonemason's Workshop
- Cooper and Carpenter Workshops
- Tailor's Room
- Blacksmith Shop
The courtyard is intact and all other exposed areas covered by grass.
When the Hudson Bay Railway to Churchill was completed in 1929, the labour and equipment used for the railroad construction was then used to restore the fort in the 1930s. Extensive and at times unfortunate restoration work was also carried out in the 1950s. There is no proper historical or archaeological study of the fort and its remains in spite of its importance to western Canadian history.
- ^ Charlotte Gray 'The Museum Called Canada: 25 Rooms of Wonder' Random House, 2004
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Prince of Wales Fort — At the mouth of the Churchill River, Hudson Bay. Built by the Hudson s Bay Company, between the years 1733 and 1771. It was of massive masonry, 37 to 42 feet thick; 310 feet long on the north and south sides, and 317 on the east and west; and… … The makers of Canada
Fort Prince of Wales — … Deutsch Wikipedia
Prince of Wales (disambiguation) — Prince of Wales is the title traditionally given to the heir apparent to the reigning monarch of the United Kingdom. It originated as the title of independent princes of Wales in the 12th and 13th centuries. * It is currently used by Charles,… … Wikipedia
Prince of Wales Stakes — Horseraces infobox class = Grade I horse race = Prince of Wales Stakes caption = location = Fort Erie Race Track Fort Erie, Ontario, Canada inaugurated = 1929 race type = Thoroughbred Flat racing website = [http://www.forterieracing.com/about… … Wikipedia
Prince of Wales (ship) — The Prince of Wales was a First Fleet transport ship of 333 tons (350?), built on the River Thames in 1786. She was 31.4 meters in length. She was built by the firm Christopher Watson and co. of Rotherhithe, who are also thought to have built HMS … Wikipedia
Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre — Das Northern Heritage Centre … Deutsch Wikipedia
Frederick, Prince of Wales — Infobox British Royalty|royal name =Prince Frederick title =Prince of Wales, Duke of Edinburgh imgw =194 caption =Portrait by Jacopo Amigoni, 1735 succession = Duke of Edinburgh successor =George, Prince of Wales spouse =Princess Augusta of Saxe… … Wikipedia
Charles, Prince of Wales — Charles Mountbatten Windsor, Prince of Wales (2005) Charles Philip Arthur George Mountbatten Windsor, Prince of Wales (Fürst von Wales) und Duke of Cornwall (Herzog von Cornwall), meist kurz Prince (im deutschsprachigen Raum Prinz) Charles… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Charles Mountbatten-Windsor, Prince of Wales — Charles Mountbatten Windsor, Prince of Wales, 2011 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Fort Churchill — has several uses including:* Fort Churchill State Historic Park, Lyon County, Nevada, USA, a National Historic Landmark site * Fort Churchill (rocket launch site), Manitoba, Canada * Fort Churchill Geomagnetic Observatory, Manitoba, Canada * Fort … Wikipedia