- East Down (UK Parliament constituency)
East Down Former County constituency for the House of Commons 1885–1922 Replaced by Down Created from Down, Downpatrick
East Down was a UK Parliament constituency in Ireland.
Boundaries and Boundary Changes
It returned one Member of Parliament 1885–1922.
The constituency had an anti-unionist majority in 1918, but its support was split fairly evenly between Nationalist and Sinn Féin candidates. An attempt at a limited electoral pact broke down in this constituency. In a first past the post election this situation produced a minority Unionist win.
The First Dáil
Sinn Féin contested the general election of 1918 on the platform that instead of taking up any seats they won in the United Kingdom Parliament, they would establish a revolutionary assembly in Dublin. In republican theory every MP elected in Ireland was a potential Deputy to this assembly. In practice only the Sinn Féin members accepted the offer.
The revolutionary First Dáil assembled on 21 January 1919 and last met on 10 May 1921. The First Dáil, according to a resolution passed on 10 May 1921, was formally dissolved on the assembling of the Second Dáil. This took place on 16 August 1921.
In 1921 Sinn Féin decided to use the UK authorised elections for the Northern Ireland House of Commons and the House of Commons of Southern Ireland as a poll for the Irish Republic's Second Dáil. This area, in republican theory, was incorporated in an eight-member Dáil constituency of Down.
Members of Parliament
Key to parties: U Irish Unionist 1886–1921 and Ulster Unionist 1921–1922.
Election Member Party 1885 Richard William Blackwood Ker Conservative 1886 Unionist 1890 by-election James Alexander Rentoul Unionist 1902 by-election James Wood Russellite Unionist 1906 James Craig Unionist 1918 David Douglas Reid Unionist 1922 constituency abolished
The elections in this constituency took place using the first past the post electoral system.
General Election 14 December 1918: East Down Party Candidate Votes % ±% Irish Unionist David Douglas Reid 6,007 N/A Irish Parliamentary Michael J. Johnston 4,362 N/A Sinn Féin Dr Russell McNabb 3,876 N/A Majority N/A Turnout 17,846 N/A Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "D" (part 3)
- Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801–1922, edited by B.M. Walker (Royal Irish Academy 1978)
- Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume II 1886–1918, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (The Harvester Press 1978)
- Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume III 1919–1945, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (The Harvester Press 1979)
- List of UK Parliament Constituencies in Ireland and Northern Ireland
- Redistribution of Seats (Ireland) Act 1918
- MPs elected in the UK general election, 1918
- List of Dáil Éireann constituencies in Ireland (historic)
- Members of the 1st Dáil
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