Ilah


Ilah
Islamic monotheism
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ʾIlāh (Arabic: إله‎; plural: آلهة ʾālihah) is an Arabic term meaning "deity" or "god". The feminine is ʾilāhah (إلاهة, meaning "goddess"); with the article, it appears as al-ʾilāhah الإلاهة. It appears in the name of the monotheistic god of Islam as al-Lāh, translated, that is, "the god". In some cases, it is used by Arabic-speaking Christians and Jews, although not as frequently as other titles, such as Rabb, or "Lord" - a title also used by Muslims for Allah - similar to the Hebrew use of Adonai, which is the most frequently used by Jews of all languages, along with HaShem or "the Name". Amongst Christians, Yasu - an Arabic transliteration of the name of the Christian Jesus - Yahweh, or Shaddai, translated, that is, "Almighty", are common, with some other names and titles generally borrowed as transliterations from Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek. In Malaysia, it is illegal for Christians, Jews, or any other non-Muslim to refer to their God as "Allah".[1]

ʾIlāh is cognate to Northwest Semitic ʾēl and Akkadian ilum. The word is from a Proto-Semitic archaic biliteral ʔ-L meaning "god" (possibly with a wider meaning of "strong"), which was extended to a regular triliteral by the addition of a h (as in Hebrew ʾelōah, ʾelōhim). The word is spelled either إله with an optional diacritic alif to mark the ā only in Qur'anic texts or (more rarely) with a full alif, إلاه.

The term is used throughout the Quran in passages detailing the existence of God and of the beliefs of non-Muslims in other divinities. Notably, the first statement of the šahādah (the Muslim confession of faith) is, "there is no ʾilāh but al-Lāh", that is, translated, "there is no deity except for Allah" or "there is no god except for the [one] god".

See also

Sources

  • Georgii Wilhelmi Freytagii, Lexicon Arabico-Latinum. Librairie du Liban, Beirut, 1975.
  • J. Milton Cowan, The Hans Wehr Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic. 4th edn. Spoken Language Services, Ithaca (NY), 1979.

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ilah — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen (Literatur, Webseiten oder Einzelnachweisen) versehen. Die fraglichen Angaben werden daher möglicherweise demnächst gelöscht. Hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ilahə — is. <ər.> Antik mifologiyada və bəzi dinlərdə; qadın cinsli allah. Qədim Yunanıstanda şüəra sinfi bir qissə və hekayət yazmaq istədikləri əsnada «Muza» adlı teatr ilahəsinə rücu edib ondan kömək və mədəd dilərdilər. F. K.. <Qızlar:>… …   Azərbaycan dilinin izahlı lüğəti

  • ilah — is., Ar. ilāh 1) Bir alanda yaratıcılığı ile hayranlık uyandıran, çok beğenilen, çok tutulan kimse Müzik dünyasının ilahı. Moda ilahı. 2) din b. Çok tanrıcılıkta tanrı Atasözü, Deyim ve Birleşik Fiiller ilah gibi …   Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük

  • İlah — is., öz., din b., Ar. ilāh Tanrı …   Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük

  • ilâh — I. (A.) [ ﺦﻝا ] ve benzerleri, ve diğerleri. II. (A.) [ ﻪﻝا ] tanrı, ilah …   Osmanli Türkçesİ sözlüğü

  • Ilah —    Moon god of the southern Semites, similar to Ilmaqah …   Who’s Who in non-classical mythology

  • ilah — ə. Allah, Tanrı …   Klassik Azərbaycan ədəbiyyatında islənən ərəb və fars sözləri lüğəti

  • ilahə — ə. islamiyyətdən qabaq: qadın cinsindən olan büt …   Klassik Azərbaycan ədəbiyyatında islənən ərəb və fars sözləri lüğəti

  • İLAH — Kendine ibadet edilen, Allah (C.C.) Her şeyden çok sevilen, tâzim ve tesbih edilen Allah Teâlâ ve Tekaddes Hazretleri.(Eğer her şey Cenab ı Hakk a isnad edilmezse, bir an ı vâhidde, gayr ı mütenahî ilahların isbatı lâzım gelir; ve bütün zerrat ı… …   Yeni Lügat Türkçe Sözlük

  • ilah gibi — çok yakışıklı (erkek) …   Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük


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