- Arabian mythology
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Pre-Islamic ArabiaArabian mythology comprises the ancient, pre-Islamicbeliefs of the Arabs. Prior to the arrival and initial codification of Islamon the Arabian Peninsulain 622, year one of the Islamic calendar, the physical centre of Islam, the Kaabaof Mecca, did not hold only the single symbol of "the God". The Kaaba was instead covered in symbols representing the myriad demons, djinn, demigods and other assorted creatures which represented the profoundly polytheisticenvironment of pre-Islamic Ancient Arabia. We can infer from this plurality an exceptionally broad context in which mythologycould flourish.
genies, ghouls, magic lamps, flying carpets, and wishes contained in tales from the Arabian Nightsand other works have been passed down through the generations.
The concept of the
Evil Eyeis mentioned in the Qur'an, in Surat al-Falaq(in which one is told to seek refuge "from the mischief of the envious one as he envies"). The Hand of Fatimais sometimes used to neutralize the effect of Evil Eye, though its use is forbidden in Islam, as are all talismans and superstitions. Among traditional muslims, various verses from the Qur'an such as an-Nasand al-Falaqare sometimes recited for blessing.
Ancient Semitic religion
Iram of the Pillars
*"Gods, Demons and Symbols of Ancient Mesopotamia" by Jeremy Black and Anthony Green (ISBN 0-292-70794-0)
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