- Budapest Festival Orchestra
The Budapest Festival Orchestra was formed in 1983 by
Iván Fischerand Zoltán Kocsis, with musicians "drawn from the cream of Hungary's younger players," as The Timesput it. Their aim, through intensive rehearsals and demanding the highest standards from musicians, was to make the orchestra's initially three or four concerts per year significant events in Hungary's musical life, and to give Budapest a new symphony orchestra of international standing.
Between 1992 and 2000, extending their work to a full season the ensemble operated under the aegis of the Budapest Municipality and the new BFO Foundation, formed by fifteen Hungarian and multinational corporations and banks. From the 2000/2001 season onwards the orchestra is operated by the BFO Foundation, which the Budapest City Council regularly supports under a contract renewable every five years. In 2003 the Ministry of Cultural Heritage declared the orchestra a national institution supported by the state.
The Festival Orchestra is nowadays not only a vital part of Budapest's music life (usually performing to capacity audiences) but also a frequent and much appreciated guest at the world's most important centres of musical excellence: Salzburg (Summer Festival),
Vienna(Musikverein, Konzerthaus), Lucerne(Festival), Montreux, Zürich(Tonhalle), New York( Carnegie Hall, Avery Fisher Hall), Chicago, Los Angeles( Hollywood Bowl), San Francisco, Montreal, Tokyo( Suntory Hall), Hong-Kong, Paris( Théâtre des Champs-Elysées), Berlin, Munich, Frankfurt( Alte Oper), London( BBC PromsFestival, Barbican Centre, Royal Festival Hall), Florence(Maggio Musicale), Rome(Accademia di Santa Cecilia), Amsterdam( Concertgebouw), Madrid, Athens, Copenhagen, Prague( Prague Spring International Music Festival), Brussels(Flamish Festival) and Buenos Aires(Teatro Colon), among others.
After having recorded on
Hungaroton, Quintana, Teldec, Decca Records, Ponty and Berlin Classics, the orchestra signed an exclusive recording contract with Philips Classics in 1996. Its recording of Bartók's The Miraculous Mandarinreceived the Gramophone Award, while Diapason d'orand Le Monde de la Musique chose it as their recording of the year. Recordings of Liszt's Faust Symphonyand Bartók's Concerto for Orchestra were chosen among the year's five best orchestral discs by Gramophone. In 2003 the BFO signed a cooperation agreement with the label Channel Classics.
Numerous outstanding figures from the international music scene have performed with the orchestra: Sir
Georg Solti(who was the orchestra's honorary guest conductor until his death), Yehudi Menuhin, Kurt Sanderling, Eliahu Inbal, Charles Dutoit, Gidon Kremer, Sándor Végh, András Schiff, Heinz Holliger, Agnes Baltsa, Ida Haendel, Martha Argerich, Hildegard Behrens, Yuri Bashmet, Rudolf Barshai, Kiri te Kanawa, Radu Lupu, Thomas Zehetmair, Vadim Repin, Helen Donath, Richard Goodeand others.
Among the orchestra's more important projects, its opera productions have been widely acclaimed:
The Magic Flute(Budapest), Così fan tutte(Athens), Idomeneo(Budapest/Athens), Orfeo ed Euridice(Budapest/Brussels), Il turco in Italia(Paris), the cycle of works marking the 50th anniversary of Bartók's death (Budapest/Brussels/Cologne/Paris/New York), the cycle of Mahler symphonies over several years (Budapest/Lisbon/Frankfurt/Vienna), the series of performances for the centenary of Brahms' death, a Bartók-Stravinsky cycle (Edinburgh/London/San Francisco/New York) and a Liszt-Wagner cycle in January 2004 (Budapest/Bruselles/London). In 2005 the orchestra launched its annual Budapest Mahlerfest.
The ensemble places great emphasis on the performance of new music: performing many world and Hungarian premieres (Ustvolskaia, Eötvös, Kurtág, Schönberg, Holliger, Tihanyi, Doráti, Copland, Adams). The orchestra regularly commissions new works (Jeney, Sáry, Lendvay, Vajda, Mártha, Melis, Vidovszky, Tihanyi, Orbán, Láng, Gyöngyösi).
To promote the artistic development of its members the BFO has developed regular chamber music and chamber orchestra series alongside its major orchestral concerts. The Sunday afternoon chamber music events, the "Cocoa Concerts" for young children, the
Haydn- Mozartseries, where soloists of the concertos are members of the orchestra and the "Open Dress Rehearsals" with Iván Fischer's introductions to the works being performed have all quickly become favourites of the Budapest music audience.
Ever since its foundation 23 years ago, the BFO's Music Director has been
* [http://www.bfz.hu/ Budapest Festival Orchestra official website]
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