Roald Hoffmann


Roald Hoffmann

Infobox Scientist
name = Roald Hoffmann


image_width =150px
caption = Roald Hoffmann
birth_date = July 18, 1937
birth_place = Złoczów, Poland
death_date =
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residence =
citizenship =
nationality = Poland
ethnicity =
field = chemistry
work_institutions =
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doctoral_students =
known_for = reaction mechanisms
author_abbrev_bot =
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influences =
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prizes = 1981 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
religion =
footnotes =

Roald Hoffmann (born July 18, 1937) [Hoffmann's birth name was Roald Safran. Hoffmann is the surname adopted by his stepfather in the years after World War II] is an American theoretical chemist who won the 1981 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. He currently teaches at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York.

Early life

Escape from the Holocaust

Hoffmann was born in Złoczów, Poland (now Ukraine) to a Jewish family and was named in honor of the Norwegian explorer, Roald Amundsen. He and his mother were among the only members of his immediate family to survive the Holocaust, an experience which strongly influenced his beliefs and work. (A grandmother and several aunts, uncles, and cousins also survived.) [ [http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=5519776 The Tense Middle] by Roald Hoffmann, story on NPR. Retrieved 29 September 2006.] They immigrated to the United States in 1949.

Academic credentials

Hoffmann graduated in 1955 from New York City's Stuyvesant High School, [cite web |url=http://www.roaldhoffmann.com/pn/modules.php?op=modload&name=Sections&file=index&req=viewarticle&artid=11&page=1 |title=Roald Hoffmann's land between chemistry, poetry and philosophy |accessdate=2007-10-31] where he won a Westinghouse science scholarship. He received his Bachelor of Arts degree at Columbia University (Columbia College) in 1958. He earned his Master of Arts degree in 1960 and his Doctor of Philosophy degree, both from Harvard University, while working under the subsequent 1976 chemistry Nobel Prize winner William N. Lipscomb, Jr..

Chemistry interests

Hoffmann has investigated both organic and inorganic substances, developing computational tools and methods such as the extended Hückel method, which he proposed in 1963.

He also developed, with Robert Burns Woodward, rules for elucidating reaction mechanisms (the Woodward-Hoffmann rules). He also introduced the isolobal principle.

Artistic interests

Hoffmann is also a writer of poetry published in two collections, "The Metamict State" (1987, ISBN 0-8130-0869-7) and "Gaps and Verges" (1990, ISBN 0-8130-0943-X), and of books explaining chemistry to the general public. Also, he co-authored with Carl Djerassi a play called "Oxygen" about the discovery of oxygen, but also about what it means to be a scientist and the importance of process of discovery in science.

Hoffmann stars in the "World of Chemistry" video series with Don Showalter.

Since the spring of 2001, Hoffmann has been the host of a monthly series at New York City's [http://www.corneliastreetcafe.com Cornelia Street Cafe] called "Entertaining Science," which explores the juncture between the arts and science.

Hoffmann and Brian Alan are produced the project of English song “Dedication of Love“. That planned to raise funds by this worldwide single release to be contributed to the Sichuan Earthquake to help rebuild the area. The artists are BoA, Wei Wei, Phoebe, Rusiana Gaitana, Sonu, Ruth Sahanaya and the other 3 are from Paris, Brazil and Oman. [ [http://boamyjewel.wordpress.com/2008/06/07/boa-sings-for-sichuans-earthquake/ BoA sings for SICHUAN’S EARTHQUAKE ! « BoA’s Jewelry Box ] ]

Awards

Nobel Prize in Chemistry

In 1981, Hoffmann received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, which he shared with Kenichi Fukui. [ [http://www.chem.cornell.edu/faculty/index.asp?fac=32 Cornell Chemistry Faculty Research ] ]

Other awards

*Priestley Medal
*Arthur C. Cope Award in Organic Chemistry
*Organic Chemistry Award (American Chemical Society), 1969
*Inorganic Chemistry Award (American Chemical Society), 1982
*Pimentel Award in Chemical Education (1996)
*Award in Pure Chemistry
*Monsanto Award
*Literaturpreis of the Verband der Chemischen Industrie for his textbook "The Same and Not The Same" (1997)
*National Medal of Science
*National Academy of Sciences
*American Academy of Arts and Sciences Fellow
*American Philosophical Society Fellow
*Kolos Medal
*Foreign Member, Royal Society
*Harvard Centennial Medalist

Hoffmann is member of the International Academy of Quantum Molecular Science and is a member of the Board of Sponsors of The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists [http://www.thebulletin.org] .

In August 2007, the American Chemical Society held a symposium at its biannual national meeting to honor Hoffmann's 70th birthday.

References

External links

* [http://www.roaldhoffmann.com Hoffmann's web site]
* [http://nobelprize.org/chemistry/laureates/1981/hoffmann-autobio.html Nobel Prize Biography]
* [http://www.kewgardensmovie.com/schedule-hoffman.html Photograph of Roald Hoffman]
* [http://www.nndb.com/people/653/000100353/ Roald Hoffmann profile, NNDB]


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  • Roald Hoffmann — (* 18. Juli 1937 in Złoczów, Polen, heute Ukraine) ist ein US amerikanischer Chemiker, der zusammen mit dem Japaner Kenichi Fukui im Jahre 1981 den Nobelpreis für Chemie für die von beiden unabhängig voneinander entwickelten Theorien zum Verlauf… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Roald Hoffmann — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Roald Hoffmann (nacido el 18 de julio de 1937 como Roald Safran Hoffmann es el apellido de su padrastro) es un químico teórico y profesor universitario estadounidense, de origen polaco, que ganó el Premio Nobel de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Roald Hoffmann — Naissance 18 juillet 1937 Złoczów (Pologne (à présent Ukraine)) Nationalité Polonaise/Américaine Champs chimie Institution université Cornell …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Roald Hoffmann — noun United States chemist (born in Poland) who used quantum mechanics to understand chemical reactions (born in 1937) • Syn: ↑Hoffmann • Instance Hypernyms: ↑chemist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Chemienobelpreis 1981: Kenichi Fukui — Roald Hoffmann —   Der Japaner und der Amerikaner erhielten den Nobelpreis »für ihre unabhängig voneinander entwickelten Theorien über den Verlauf chemischer Reaktionen«.    Biografien   Kenichi Fukui, * Nara (Japan) 4.10.1918, ✝ Kyotō (Japan) 9. 1. 1998; 1941… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Hoffmann — ist ein häufiger deutscher Familienname. Namensherkunft Als Hofmann bzw. Hoffmann bezeichnete man einen zu einem Gehöft gehörigen bzw. dem Hof zu Diensten verpflichteten Bauern, gelegentlich auch einen Höfling. Sinngemäß verwandt ist die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hoffmann — Hoffmann, Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann, Friedrich Hoffmann, Joseph Hoffmann, Roald Hoffmann, horno de * * * (as used in expressions) Hoffmann, E(rnst) T(heodor) A(madeus) Ernst Theodor Wilhelm Hoffmann Hoffmann, Josef …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Roald Amundsen — Infobox Person name = Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen image size = 250px caption = Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen birth date = birth date|1872|07|16 birth place = Borge, Østfold, Norway death date = c. death date and… …   Wikipedia

  • Hoffmann —  Pour les articles homophones, voir Hofmann et Hoffman. Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sommaire 1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hoffmann — noun 1. Austrian architect known for his use of rectilinear units (1870 1956) • Syn: ↑Josef Hoffmann • Instance Hypernyms: ↑architect, ↑designer 2. German chemist (1818 1892) • Syn: ↑August Wilhelm von Hoffmann …   Useful english dictionary


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