Discovery (observation)


Discovery (observation)
A personification of discovery as represented by a statue in The American Adventure in the World Showcase pavilion of Walt Disney World's Epcot.

Discovery is the act of detecting something new, or something "old" that had been unknown. With reference to science and academic disciplines, discovery is the observation of new phenomena, new actions, or new events and providing new reasoning to explain the knowledge gathered through such observations with previously acquired knowledge from abstract thought and everyday experiences. Visual discoveries are often called sightings.

Contents

Description

New discoveries are acquired through various senses and are usually assimilated, merging with pre-existing knowledge and actions. Questioning is a major form of human thought and interpersonal communication, and plays a key role in discovery. Discoveries are often made due to questions. With reference to science and academic disciplines, discovery is the observation of new phenomena, new actions, or new events and providing new reasoning to explain the knowledge gathered through such observations with previously acquired knowledge from abstract thought and everyday experiences. In scientific research, exploration is one of three purposes of research (the other two being description and explanation). Discovery is made by providing observational evidence and attempts to develop an initial, rough understanding of some phenomenon. Some discoveries lead to the invention of objects, processes, or techniques. A discovery may sometimes be based on earlier discoveries, collaborations or ideas, and the process of discovery requires at least the awareness that an existing concept or method can be modified or transformed. However, some discoveries also represent a radical breakthrough in knowledge.

Exploration

Discovery can also be used to describe the first incursions of peoples from one culture into the geographical and cultural environment of others. Western culture has used the term "discovery" in their histories to subtly emphasize the importance of "exploration" in the history of the world, such as in the "Age of Exploration". Since the European exploration of the world, the "discovery" of every continent, island, and geographical feature, for the European traveler, led to the notion that the native people were "discovered" (though many were there centuries or even millennia before). In that way, the term has Eurocentric and ethnocentric meaning often overlooked by westerners.

See also

External articles and references

Scholarly articles
  • B Barber, Resistance by scientists to scientific discovery. Science, 1961
  • Merton, Robert K. (1957-12). "Priorities in Scientific Discovery: A Chapter in the Sociology of Science". American Sociological Review 22 (6): 635–659. doi:10.2307/2089193. ISSN 00031224. JSTOR 2089193. 
  • QIN Yulin, AS Herbert, Laboratory Replication of Scientific Discovery Processes. Cognitive Science, 1990.
  • A Silberschatz, A Tuzhilin, What makes patterns interesting in knowledge discovery systems. Knowledge and Data Engineering, IEEE Transactions on, 1996.
  • T Imielinski, H Mannila, A database perspective on knowledge discovery. Communications of the ACM, 1996 portal.
Websites

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Discovery — may refer to: Discovery (observation), observing or finding something unknown Discovery (fiction), a character s learning something unknown Discovery (law), a process in courts of law relating to evidence Contents 1 Devices 2 …   Wikipedia

  • Discovery of Neptune — New Berlin Observatory at Linden Street, where Neptune was discovered observationally. Neptune was mathematically predicted before it was directly observed. With a prediction by Urbain Le Verrier, telescopic observations confirming the existence… …   Wikipedia

  • discovery — dis·cov·ery n pl er·ies 1: the act or process of discovering 2: something discovered applied for a patent for the discovery 3 a: the methods used by parties to a civil or criminal action to obtain information held by the other party that is… …   Law dictionary

  • Discovery Rupes — Feature type Rupes Coordinates …   Wikipedia

  • observation — I noun advertence, advertency, annotation, ascertainment, assertion, attention, attentiveness, check, cognition, cognizance, comment, commentary, concentration, conclusion, consideration, declaration, detection, dictum, discovery, espial,… …   Law dictionary

  • Observation — Observations redirects here. For the travel book, see Observations (Pierre Belon). For other uses, see Observation (disambiguation). Observation is either an activity of a living being, such as a human, consisting of receiving knowledge of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Discovery of the Martian moons — The discovery of the two moons of Mars, Phobos and Deimos, occurred in 1877 when American astronomer Asaph Hall, Sr. identified them after a long search, although their existence had been speculated before.Early speculationsThe possibility of… …   Wikipedia

  • Discovery Expedition — The expedition ship Discovery in the Antarctic, alongside the Great Ice Barrier The British National Antarctic Expedition, 1901–04, generally known as the Discovery Expedition, was the first official British exploration of the Antarctic regions… …   Wikipedia

  • Discovery Expedition — Expédition Discovery Pour les articles homonymes, voir Discovery. Carte des voyages entre 1902 et 1904  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Discovery Island (Bay Lake, Walt Disney World) — Coordinates: 28°24′52″N 81°34′01″W / 28.414364°N 81.566921°W / 28.414364; 81.566921 …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.