- Lime (fruit)
Lime is a term referring to a number of different citrus fruits, both species and hybrids, which are typically round, green to yellow in color, 3–6 cm in diameter, and containing sour and acidic pulp. Limes are a good source of vitamin C. Limes are often used to accent the flavors of foods and beverages. Limes are grown all year round and are usually smaller and more sour than lemons.
Lime, raw (edible parts) Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz) Energy 126 kJ (30 kcal) Carbohydrates 11 g - Sugars 1.7 g - Dietary fiber 3 g Fat 0.2 g Protein 0.7 g Water 88 g Vitamin C 29 mg (35%) Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient Database
In cooking, lime is valued both for the acidity of its juice and the floral aroma of its zest. It is a very common ingredient in authentic Mexican, Southwestern United States, Vietnamese and Thai dishes. It is also used for its pickling properties in ceviche. The use of dried limes (called black lime or loomi) as a flavouring is typical of Persian cuisine and Iraqi cuisine, as well as in Gulf-style baharat (a spice mixture that is also called kabsa or kebsa). Lime is an essential ingredient of any cuisine from India, and many varieties of pickles are made, e.g. sweetened lime pickle, salted pickle, and lime chutney.
Lime leaves are also an herb in South, East, and Southeast Asia.
Lime is frequently used to add flavour to cold and hot drinks, including water, tonic and other cocktails.
To prevent scurvy during the 19th century, British sailors were issued a daily allowance of citrus, such as lemon, and later switched to lime, which was not as effective at preventing scurvy but was easier to obtain on Britain's Caribbean colonies. It was later discovered that the greater effectiveness of lemons derived from the 4-fold higher quantities of vitamin C lemon juice contains compared to the West Indian limes used by the British.
Lime juice is the juice of limes (citrus). It may be squeezed from fresh limes, or purchased in bottles in both unsweetened and sweetened varieties. Lime juice is used to make limeade, and as an ingredient (typically as sour mix) in many cocktails.
In India, the lime is used in Tantra for removing evil spirits. It is also combined with Indian chilis to make a protective charm to repel the evil eye. Furthermore, it was believed that hanging limes over sick people cured them of the illness by repelling evil spirits lurking inside the body.
When the skin is exposed to ultraviolet light after lime juice contact, a reaction known as phytophotodermatitis can occur, which can cause darkening of the skin, swelling or blistering. The agent responsible for this is psoralen.
Lime contains 24 milligrams less vitamin C per 100 grams than the lemon.
India, with about 16% of the world's overall lemon and lime output, tops the production list, followed by Mexico (~14.5%), Argentina (~10%), Brazil (~8%), and Spain (~7%).
Top ten lemon and limes producers — 2007 Country Production
India 2,060,000F Mexico 1,880,000F Argentina 1,260,000F Brazil 1,060,000F Spain 880,000F People's Republic of China 745,100F United States 722,000P Turkey 706,652P Iran 615,000F Italy 546,584P World 13,032,388A
^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ F = FAO estimate
^ ^ ^ P = Official figure
^ A = Aggregate (may include official, semi-official or estimates)
Source: Food And Agricultural Organization of United Nations: Economic And Social Department: The Statistical Division
Plants known as "lime"
- Australian limes
- Blood lime
- Kaffir lime (Citrus hystrix) (kieffer lime; makrut, or magrood)
- Key lime (Citrus aurantifolia) (Mexican, West Indian, or bartender's lime)
- Mandarin Lime (Citrus limonia)
- Musk lime (Citrofortunella mitis)
- Palestine sweet lime (Citrus x limettioides)
- Persian lime (Citrus x latifolia) (Tahiti or Bearss lime)
- Rangpur lime, a mandarin orange - lemon hybrid
- Spanish lime (Melicoccus bijugatus) (mamoncillo, mamón, ginep, quenepa, or limoncillo) (not a citrus)
- Sweet lime (Citrus limetta) (sweet limetta, Mediterranean sweet lemon)
- Wild lime (Adelia ricinella)
- Limequat (lime × kumquat)
The tree known in Britain as the lime tree (Tilia sp.) is unrelated to the fruits.
- Lime production in Mexico
Citrus Important species Important cultivars Other topics
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lime — lime1 limeless, adj. limelike, adj. /luym/, n., v., limed, liming. n. 1. Also called burnt lime, calcium oxide, caustic lime, calx, quicklime. a white or grayish white, odorless, lumpy, very slightly water soluble solid, CaO, tha … Universalium
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lime — n. 1. Quicklime, protoxide of calcium. 2. Linden, lime tree. 3. Lime fruit tree (Citrus limetta). 4. Lime fruit … New dictionary of synonyms
lime juice — noun a) The liquid extract of lime fruit, notably sour and often condensed, as used especially in food preparation. b) Limeade, a fruit juice made from limes … Wiktionary
lime-green — /laɪm ˈgrin/ (say luym green) noun the yellow green colour of the lime fruit … Australian English dictionary
lime — 1. (li m ) s. f. 1° Outil de fer ou plutôt d acier garni d aspérités régulièrement disposées, et qui sert à polir, à couper le fer, etc. • On conte qu un serpent, voisin d un horloger, Entra dans sa boutique, et, cherchant à manger, N y… … Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré
lime — [ laım ] noun * ▸ 1 fruit with green skin ▸ 2 white substance ▸ 3 lime green color ▸ 4 drink made from limes ▸ 5 linden tree 1. ) count or uncount a fruit with a hard green skin and sour juice that grows on a lime tree: a slice of lime 2. )… … Usage of the words and phrases in modern English
Fruit curd — is a dessert topping and spread usually made with lemon, orange or raspberry.cite web |title=Cake Talk: What the terms mean |work=The Joy of Cooking |publisher=The Seattle Times |date=2005 06 29 |url=http://community.seattletimes.nwsource.com/arch… … Wikipedia
lime — lime1 [līm] n. [ME < OE līm, akin to Ger leim < IE base * (s)lei , SLIME, wet and sticky, to smooth over > Gr leios, smooth, L limus, slime, mud, linere, to smear, levis, smooth, OE lam, clay] 1. short for BIRDLIME 2. a white substance,… … English World dictionary