- Thomas H. Ruger
Thomas Howard Ruger (
April 2, 1833– June 3, 1907) was an American soldierand lawyerwho served as a Union general in the American Civil War. After the war, he was a superintendent of the United States Military Academyat West Point, New York.
Ruger was born in
Lima, New York, and moved to Janesville, Wisconsinin 1846. He graduated from the U.S. Military Academy in 1854, third in his class of 46, and was commissioned a second lieutenant in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. He resigned in 1855 to become a lawyer in Wisconsin.
Ruger was appointed lieutenant colonel of the
3rd Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regimentin June 1861, and promoted to colonelon August 20. Ruger commanded his regiment in Marylandand the Shenandoah Valley campaigns. He participated in the Battle of Antietam, in which he was wounded while acting commander of a brigade in the 1st Division, XII Corps. Commissioned brigadier general of volunteers in November 1862, Ruger led his brigade of the XII Corps, Army of the Potomac, in the Battle of Chancellorsville, and commanded the division of Brig. Gen. Alpheus Williamstemporarily at Gettysburg. (Col. Silas Colgroveled the brigade in that battle, participating in the defense of Culp's Hill.) In the summer of 1863, Ruger was in New York City, where he aided in suppressing draft riots.
Brig. Gen. Ruger led a brigade of XX Corps in Maj. Gen.
William T. Sherman's advance into Georgia until November 1864, and with a division of XXIII Corps took part in the campaign against General John B. Hood's army in Tennessee, brevetted major general of volunteers, November 30, 1864, for services at the Battle of Franklin. Ruger organized a division at Nashvilleand led his command to North Carolinain June 1865, and then had charge of the department of that state until June 1866. He was mustered out of his volunteer commission, accepting a regular army commission as colonel, July 28, 1866, and on March 2, 1867, was brevetted brigadier general, regular army, for his services at Gettysburg.
Ruger participated in Reconstruction as the military governor of Georgia and in the Freedmen's Bureau in
Alabamain 1868. He was the superintendent of the U.S. Military Academy from 1871 to 1876, and retired, in 1897, with the rank of major general in the regular army. He died in Stamford, Connecticut, and is buried in West Point National Cemetery.
* Eicher, John H., and Eicher, David J., "Civil War High Commands", Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
* [http://www.all-biographies.com/soldiers/thomas_h_ruger.htm Ruger biography]
* [http://www.georgiaarchives.org/what_do_we_have/govhisroster.htm Georgia State Archives Roster of State Governors]
* [http://www.gashpo.org/assets/documents/ga_govs_graves_field_guide.pdf "Georgia Governor's Gravesites Field Guide (1776-2003)"]
*findagrave|4906 Retrieved on
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