- Crafoord Prize
The Crafoord Prize Awarded for in astronomy and mathematics, biosciences, geosciences or polyarthritis research, awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Presented by Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Country Sweden First awarded 1982 Official website http://www.crafoordprize.se/
The Crafoord Prize is an annual science prize established in 1980 by Holger Crafoord, a Swedish industrialist, and his wife Anna-Greta Crafoord. Administered by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, the prize "is intended to promote international basic research in the disciplines: Astronomy and Mathematics, Geosciences, Biosciences, with particular emphasis on ecology, and Polyarthritis (rheumatoid arthritis)", the disease from which Holger severely suffered in his last years. According to the Academy, "these disciplines are chosen so as to complement those for which the Nobel Prizes are awarded." Only one award is given each year, according to a rotating scheme – astronomy and mathematics; then geosciences; then biosciences. A Crafoord Prize is only awarded for polyarthritis when a special committee decides that substantial progress in the field has been made. The recipient of the Crafoord Prize is announced each year in mid-January; on Crafoord Day in April, the prize is presented by the King of Sweden, who also presents the Nobel Prize Awards at the ceremony in December. The prize sum, which as of 2011 is US$600,000, is intended to fund further research by the prize winner.
Year Category Image Laureate Nationality Work 1982 Mathematics Vladimir Arnold Soviet Union Theory of non-linear differential equations Louis Nirenberg United States[A] 1983 Geosciences Edward Lorenz United States Geophysical hydrodynamics — Henry Stommel United States 1984 Biosciences Daniel H. Janzen United States Co-evolution 1985 Astronomy Lyman Spitzer United States Studies of the interstellar medium 1986 Geosciences — Claude Allègre France Isotope geochemical relations — Gerald J. Wasserburg United States 1987 Biosciences — Eugene P. Odum United States Ecosystem ecology Howard T. Odum United States 1988 Mathematics Pierre Deligne Belgium Algebraic geometry Alexander Grothendieck[B] France 1989 Geosciences James Van Allen United States Exploration of space, the discovery the Van Allen belts 1990 Biosciences Paul R. Ehrlich United States Dynamics and genetics of fragmented populations Edward Osborne Wilson United States Theory of island biogeography 1991 Astronomy Allan Rex Sandage United States Study of galaxies 1992 Geosciences — Adolf Seilacher Germany Research into evolution of life 1993 Biosciences W. D. Hamilton United Kingdom Theories of kin selection and genetic relationship Seymour Benzer United States Genetical and neurophysiological studies of fruit flies 1994 Mathematics — Simon Donaldson United Kingdom Four-dimensional geometry Shing-Tung Yau United States[C] Non-linear techniques in differential geometry 1995 Geosciences — Willi Dansgaard Denmark Development of isotope geological analysis methods Nicholas Shackleton United Kingdom 1996 Biosciences Robert M. May United Kingdom Ecological research 1997 Astronomy Fred Hoyle United Kingdom Study of nuclear processes in stars, stellar evolution — Edwin Salpeter United States 1998 Geosciences — Don L. Anderson United States Study of the structures and processes in the interior of the Earth — Adam M. Dziewonski United States[D] 1999 Biosciences Ernst Mayr United States Developing the concept of evolutionary biology — John Maynard Smith United Kingdom George C. Williams United States 2000 Polyarthritis — Marc Feldmann United Kingdom Definition of TNF-alpha — Ravinder N. Maini United Kingdom 2001 Mathematics Alain Connes France Theory of operator algebras, founder of the non-commutative geometry 2002 Geosciences — Dan P. McKenzie United Kingdom Dynamics of the lithosphere 2003 Biosciences — Carl Woese United States Third domain of life 2004 Polyarthritis — Eugene C. Butcher United States Study of molecular mechanisms concerning white blood cells — Timothy A. Springer United States 2005 Astronomy — James E. Gunn United States Understanding the large-scale structure of the Universe — James Peebles United States Martin Rees United Kingdom 2006 Geosciences — Wallace S. Broecker United States Research into the global carbon cycle 2007 Biosciences — Robert Trivers United States Analysis of social evolution 2008 Astronomy Rashid Alievich Sunyaev Russia Contributions to high-energy astrophysics and cosmology Mathematics Maxim Kontsevich Russia[E] Contributions to mathematics from modern theoretical physics Edward Witten United States 2009 Polyarthritis Charles Dinarello United States Isolation of interleukins, understanding their role in the onset of inflammatory diseases Tadamitsu Kishimoto Japan Toshio Hirano Japan 2010 Geosciences Walter Munk United States “for his pioneering and fundamental contributions to our understanding of ocean circulation, tides and waves, and their role in the Earth’s dynamics”. 2011 Biosciences Ilkka Hanski Finland “for his pioneering studies on how spatial variation affects the dynamics of animal and plant populations”.
- ^ a b c d "About the prize". The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. http://www.crafoordprize.se/abouttheprize.html. Retrieved 3 July 2009.
- ^ "King of Sweden awards Crafoord Prize to IC researchers". Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine. 4 October 2000. http://www.imperial.ac.uk/publications/reporterarchive/0097/news04.htm. Retrieved 5 July 2009.
- ^ "The Crafoord Prize 1982–2009" (PDF). The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. http://www.crafoordprize.se/download/18.1b27248111ee6cfde1e800025347/crafoordprizes.pdf. Retrieved 4 July 2009. [dead link]
- ^ "Louis Nirenberg Receives National Medal of Science" (PDF). American Mathematical Society. October 1996. p. 1111. http://www.ams.org/notices/199610/nirenberg.pdf. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
- ^ Matthews, Robert (20 August 2006). "Mathematics, where nothing is ever as simple as it seems". Daily Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/1526781/Mathematics-where-nothing-is-ever-as-simple-as-it-seems.html. Retrieved 5 July 2009.
- ^ Overbye, Dennis (17 October 2006). "The Emperor of Math". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2006/10/17/science/17yau.html. Retrieved 5 July 2009.
- ^ "Dziewonski Receives 2002 William Bowie Medal". American Geophysical Union. http://www.agu.org/about/honors/union/bowie/dziewonski_adam.shtml. Retrieved 5 July 2009.
- ^ "Kontsevich and Witten Receive 2008 Crafoord Prize in Mathematics" (PDF). American Mathematical Society. May 2008. p. 583. http://www.ams.org/notices/200805/tx080500593p.pdf. Retrieved 5 July 2009.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Crafoord-Preis — Der Crafoord Preis wird von der Königlich Schwedischen Akademie der Wissenschaften vergeben. Sein Zweck ist die Ehrung und Förderung von Grundlagenforschung in Disziplinen, die der Nobelpreis nicht abdeckt. Darunter fallen Mathematik,… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Nobel Prize — The Nobel Prize … Wikipedia
Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences — Swedish National Bank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel Awarded for Outstanding contributions in Economic Sciences Presented by Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Country Sweden First awarded 1969 … Wikipedia
Nobel Prize controversies — Nobel Prize Awarded for Outstanding contributions in physics, chemistry, literature, peace, and physiology or medicine. The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, identified with the Nobel Prize, is awarded for… … Wikipedia
Holger Crafoord — (1908 1982) was a Swedish industrialist and founded Gambro along with Nils Alwall, a company that would commercialize Alwall s research into artificial kidneys. He donated the initial funds for the establishment of the Crafoord Prize for… … Wikipedia
Martin Rees, Baron Rees of Ludlow — The Lord Rees of Ludlow Jodrell Bank in 2007 Born 23 June 1942 … Wikipedia
Walter Munk — Naissance modifier … Wikipédia en Français
Marc Feldmann — Sir Marc Feldmann Born 2 December 1944 (1944 12 02) (age 66) France Residence London, England … Wikipedia
Rashid Sunyaev — Infobox Scientist name = Rashid Sunyaev caption = birth date = birth date and age|1943|3|1|df=yes birth place = Tashkent, Uzbek SSR death date = death place = residence = nationality = field = Astronomer work institution = Russian Academy of… … Wikipedia
Fred Hoyle — Infobox Scientist box width = 300px name = Sir Fred Hoyle image size = 300px caption = Fred Hoyle (1915 2001) birth date = birth date|1915|6|24|df=y birth place = Gilstead, Bingley, West Yorkshire, England death date = death date and… … Wikipedia