- Edward Witten
Infobox_Scientist

name = Edward Witten

image_size = 189px

caption =

birth_date = birth date and age|1951|8|26

birth_place = flagicon|USABaltimore, Maryland

residence =

nationality = flagicon|USA American

death_date =

death_place =

field =Theoretical physicist

erdos_number =

work_institution =Institute for Advanced Study

alma_mater =Brandeis University

doctoral_advisor =David Gross

doctoral_students =

known_for =string theory ,M-theory ,quantum field theory

societies =

prizes =Fields Medal (1990)Crafoord Prize (2008)

spouse =Chiara Nappi

children =

religion =

handedness =

website =

footnotes =**Edward Witten**(bornAugust 26 ,1951 ) is an Americantheoretical physicist andprofessor at theInstitute for Advanced Study . He is one of the world's leading researchers insuperstring theory . He has made extensive contributions totheoretical physics , and in 1990 he was awarded theFields Medal for his influence on the development of mathematics. In 1995, he suggested the existence ofM-theory at a conference at theUniversity of Southern California , and used M-theory to explain a number of previously observed dualities, sparking a flurry of new research in string theory called thesecond superstring revolution .**Birth and education**Edward Witten was born in

Baltimore, Maryland [*[*] to a*http://www.jinfo.org/Fields_Mathematics.html Jewish Fields Medalists*]Jewish family, the son of Lorraine W. Witten andLouis Witten , aphysicist specializing in gravitation andgeneral relativity . He received hisbachelor's degree in history (with a minor in linguistics) fromBrandeis University . Witten planned to become a political journalist, and published articles in "The New Republic " and "The Nation ". He worked briefly forGeorge McGovern 's presidential campaign. Then, he attended theUniversity of Wisconsin-Madison for one semester as aneconomics graduate student before dropping out. He then returned to academia, enrolling inapplied mathematics atPrinceton University before shifting departments and receiving aPh.D. in physics in 1976 underDavid Gross , the 2004Nobel laureate inPhysics .**Academic career**After completing his PhD, he worked at

Harvard University as a Junior Fellow and at Princeton as a professor. He was a Professor of Physics atPrinceton University from 1980 to 1987. He also was briefly at Caltech for two years from 1999 to 2001. He is currently theCharles Simonyi Professor of Mathematical Physics at theInstitute for Advanced Study inPrinceton, New Jersey .**Research and achievements**Witten has made extensive contributions to

theoretical physics , in work that has spawned a large number of highly mathematical results. He has been active primarily inquantum field theory andstring theory , and in related areas oftopology andgeometry . His many contributions include a simplified proof of thepositive energy theorem involvingspinors in general relativity, his work relatingsupersymmetry andMorse theory , his introduction oftopological quantum field theory and his related work onmirror symmetry and supersymmetric gauge theories, and his conjecture of the existence ofM-theory .Witten was awarded the

Fields Medal by theInternational Mathematical Union in 1990, becoming the first physicist to win the prize. SirMichael Atiyah said of Witten, "Although he is definitely a physicist, his command of mathematics is rivaled by few mathematicians... Time and again he has surprised the mathematical community by a brilliant application of physical insight leading to new and deep mathematical theorems... he has made a profound impact on contemporary mathematics. In his hands physics is once again providing a rich source of inspiration and insight in mathematics." [*cite book |last=Atiyah |first=Michael |title=Michael Atiyah: Collected Works: Volume 6 |year=2005 |publisher=Oxford Science Publications |isbn=978-0198530992 |pages=209,212*] One such example of his impact on pure mathematics is his framework for understanding theJones polynomial usingChern-Simons theory . This had far reaching implications onlow-dimensional topology and led to quantum invariants such as theWitten-Reshetikhin-Turaev invariant s.He is currently working on the possible relations between

Gauge theories and GeometricLanglands program .**Personal life**He is married to

Chiara Nappi , who is a professor of physics atPrinceton University . His brother,Matt Witten , is a screenwriter and producer for several popular TV series including "L.A. Law " and "House".**Awards and honors**Witten has been honored with numerous awards, including a MacArthur Grant (1982), a

Fields Medal (1990), theNational Medal of Science (2002), Pythagoras Award [*http://www.premiopitagora.it/index.htm*] (Croton, 2005), and theCrafoord Prize (2008).Pope Benedict XVI also appointed Witten as a member of thePontifical Academy of Sciences (2006). He also appeared in the list of "TIME" magazine's 100 most influential people of 2004. In 2000, he was awarded theNemmers Prize in Mathematics .**Trivia***Witten has the highest "h"-index of any living physicist;

*Witten was mentioned in a 1999 episode of the cartoon "Futurama ";

*Witten was mentioned in the 2002 "Angel" episode "Supersymmetry";

*Witten was mentioned in the comic Ex Machina.

*Witten was mentioned in the American television seriesNumb3rs **ee also***

Gromov-Witten invariant

*Seiberg–Witten gauge theory

*Seiberg–Witten invariant

*Vafa-Witten theorem

*Weinberg-Witten theorem

*Wess-Zumino-Witten model

*Witten index **References****External links*** [

*http://www.sns.ias.edu/~witten/ Witten's web page at the Institute*]

* [*http://arxiv.org/find/hep-th/1/au:+Witten_E/0/1/0/all/0/1 Publications on ArXiv*]

* [*http://xstructure.inr.ac.ru/x-bin/search3.py?arxiv=hep-th&Title=&Author=Witten,%20Edward&view_type=themes%20tree&Key_sp=&Sort=Citation+number&time_p=-&skip=0 Witten theme tree on arxiv.org*]

* [*http://www.gotfuturama.com/Information/Capsules/1ACV11.txt Futurama episode information*]

*

*Persondata

NAME= Witten, Edward

ALTERNATIVE NAMES=

SHORT DESCRIPTION=Mathematical physicist

DATE OF BIRTH=August 26 ,1951

PLACE OF BIRTH=Baltimore, Maryland

DATE OF DEATH=

PLACE OF DEATH=

*Wikimedia Foundation.
2010.*

### Look at other dictionaries:

**Edward Witten**— an der Technischen Hochschule Chalmers, Göteborg, Schweden Edward Witten (* 26. August 1951 in Baltimore, Maryland) ist ein US amerikanischer Mathematiker und Physiker … Deutsch Wikipedia**Edward Witten**— Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Edward Witten Nacimiento … Wikipedia Español**Edward Witten**— à l Université Harvard Naissance 26 août 1951 Baltimore (États Unis) Nationalité … Wikipédia en Français**Edward Witten**— (nacido en Nueva York en 1951). Físico y matemático estadounidense. Ha desarrollado la mayor parte de su labor científica en el Instituto de Estudios Avanzados de Princeton. Se le deben grandes contribuciones a la física teórica de las partículas … Enciclopedia Universal**Witten (Begriffsklärung)**— Witten ist der Name folgender geographischer Orte: Witten, eine deutsche Stadt an der Ruhr in Nordrhein Westfalen Witten (Drenthe), eine niederländische Wohnsiedlung Witten (South Dakota) New Witten, eine Stadt in South Dakota Witten Valley, ein… … Deutsch Wikipedia**Witten (disambiguation)**— Witten may mean: *Witten, Germany *Witten, Drenthe, in the Netherlands *Witten, South Dakota and New Witten, South Dakota, in the United States *Witten Valley, Tazewell County, Virginia, in the United States *Witten Fork, Monroe County, Ohio,… … Wikipedia**Witten, Edward**— ▪ 2005 Edward Witten, a theoretical physicist who had a hand in many of the important developments in string theory from the mid 1980s onward, was named by Time magazine as one of the world s 100 most influential people of 2004. String… … Universalium**Witten (homonymie)**— Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sommaire 1 Patronymes 2 Toponyme 2.1 … Wikipédia en Français**Witten**— Edward … Scientists**Witten**— I Wịtten, Wịttenpfennig [niederdeutsch »weißer Pfennig«], norddeutsche Münze aus ursprünglich 15 lötigem Silber zu vier Pfennig (Veerling, Vierling), die ab 1365 von Lübeck (andere Städte und Herrschaften folgten) ausgegeben wurde. Der Witten … Universal-Lexikon