Anamirta cocculus

Anamirta cocculus
Anamirta cocculus
Indian berry (Anamirta cocculus)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Menispermaceae
Genus: Anamirta
Species: A. cocculus
Binomial name
Anamirta cocculus
(L.) Wight & Arn., 1834

Anamirta cocculus is a Southeast Asian and Indian climbing plant. Its fruit, Cocculus indicus, is the source of picrotoxin, a poisonous alkaloid with stimulant properties.

The plant is large-stemmed (up to 10 cm in diameter); the bark is "corky gray" with white wood. The "small, yellowish-white, sweet-scented" flowers vary between 6 to 10 centimeters across; the fruit produced is a drupe, "about 1 cm in diameter when dry".[1]

Contents

Chemical substances

Dried fruits
Dried fruit: Longitudinal section

The stem and the roots contain quaternary alkaloids, such as berberine, palmatine, magnoflorine and colunibamine. The seeds deliver picrotoxin, a sesquiterpene, while the seed shells contain the tertiary alkaloids menispermine and paramenispermine.

Uses

Its crushed seeds are an effective pediculicide (anti-lice) and are also traditionally used to stun or kill fish or as a pesticide.[2][3] In pharmacology, it is known as Cocculus Indicus.

Hard multum is a preparation made from Cocculus Indicus, etc., used to impart an intoxicating quality to beer.[4]

The wood is used for fuel and carving.[5]

Common names

The English common names are fishberry or Levant nut[6] (both referring to the dried fruit, and to the plant by synecdoche); it is variously known as ligtang, aria (Mindanao), bayati (Tagalog), and variations thereof throughout its natural distribution (the Philippines, East India, Malaysia, and New Guinea).

The name "fishberry" comes from the use of the dried fruit as a method of fishing, in which the fish is "stupified and captured"; this method, however, is considered "unsportsmanlike".[6][unreliable source?]

References

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ [2]
  3. ^ [3]
  4. ^ Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
  5. ^ [4]
  6. ^ [5]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Anamirta cocculus — ? Anamirta cocculus Anamirta cocculus Научная классификация Царс …   Википедия

  • Anamirta Cocculus — Cocculus Indicus Coc cu*lus In di*cus, n. [NL. cocculus (dim. of L. coccum kermes berry) + L. Indicus of India.] (Bot.) The fruit or berry of the {Anamirta Cocculus}, a climbing plant of the East Indies. It is a poisonous narcotic and stimulant.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Anamirta cocculus —   Anamirta cocculus Anamirta …   Wikipedia Español

  • Anamirta cocculus — Scheinmyrte Scheinmyrte (Anamirta cocculus), Illustration aus Koehler 1887 Systematik Klasse: Dreifurchenpollen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Anamirta cocculus — Coque du Levant Pour les articles homonymes, voir Coque …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Anamirta cocculus — riešutėlinė anamirta statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Mėnuliasėklinių šeimos vaistinis augalas (Anamirta cocculus), paplitęs atogrąžų Azijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Anamirta cocculus angl. fish berry; levant nut šaltinis Valstybinės lietuvių… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Anamirta Cocculus — Menispermine Men i*sper mine, n. [Cf. F. m[ e]nispermine.] (Chem.) An alkaloid distinct from picrotoxin and obtained from the cocculus indicus (the fruit of {Anamirta Cocculus}, formerly {Menispermum Cocculus}) as a white, crystalline, tasteless… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Anamirta Cocculus — Menispermic Men i*sper mic, a. Pertaining to, or obtained from, moonseed ({Menispermum}), or other plants of the same family, as the {Anamirta Cocculus}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Anamirta — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Anamirta Clasificación científica …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cocculus — orbiculatus Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae …   Wikipedia


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»