- Brights movement
The Brights movement is a social movement that aims to promote public understanding and acknowledgment of the naturalistic world view. It was co-founded by Paul Geisert and
Mynga Futrellin 2003. The noun 'bright' was coined by Geisert as a positive-sounding umbrella term, and Futrell defined it as "an individual whose worldview is naturalistic (free from supernatural and mystical elements)".cite web| url=http://www.the-brights.net/vision/faq.html#1| work=Frequently Asked Questions| publisher=The Brights' Net| title=Bright (n.)--What is the definition?| accessdate=2006-11-04]
This created the basis for a civic constituency to pursue the movement's three major aims:
# Promote public understanding and acknowledgment of the naturalistic worldview, which is free of supernatural and mystical elements.
# Gain public recognition that persons who hold such a worldview can bring principled actions to bear on matters of civic importance.
# Educate society toward accepting the full and equitable civic participation of all such people.
The brights movement has been formed as an
Internetconstituency of individuals. Its hub is The Brights' Net web site [ [http://www.the-brights.net The Brights' Net - Home Page ] ] , but each individual has autonomy to speak for him/herself. The Brights' Net's tagline is now: "Illuminating and Elevating the Naturalistic Worldview".
Paul Geisert was a biology teacher in Chicago in the 1960s, a
professorin the 1970s, an entrepreneur and writer in the 1980s, and the co-developer of learning materials and a web site regarding teaching about religion in public schools in the 1990s. [http://www.teachingaboutreligion.org/]
In deciding to attend the "
Godless Americans March on Washington" in 2002, Paul disliked the label "godless" and resolved to identify a better term to unite the "community of reason". He sought a new, positive word that might become well-accepted, in the same way that the term "gay" has come to mean "homosexual". In late 2002, Paul coined the noun "bright", but did not announce it immediately.
Working with Mynga Futrell, the co-founders of the brights movement wanted to connect and galvanize the many individuals who were non-religious, but who were not associated with the many philosophical organisations already in existence. To achieve this they created not only the definition of "a bright", but also the idea of a civic constituency that would coalesce through the Internet.
Having tested this idea during the early months of 2003, they launched the Brights Net website on
June 4, 2003. The movement gained early publicity through articles by Richard Dawkinsin " The Guardian" [cite news|title=The future looks bright|date=2003-06-21|publisher=The Guardian|url=http://books.guardian.co.uk/review/story/0,12084,981412,00.html] and "Wired", [cite news|title=Religion Be Damned|date=October 2003|publisher=Wired|url=http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/11.10/view.html?pg=2] and by Daniel Dennettin the " New York Times". [cite news|title=The Bright Stuff|date=2003-07-12|publisher=The New York Times|url=http://www.edge.org/3rd_culture/bright/bright_index.html] . Within a year, registered Brights numbered in five figures and spanned 85 nations.
The movement has continued to grow and experienced accelerated registrations following media debate around "new atheism" [cite news|title=The Church of the Non-Believers|date=November 2006|publisher=Wired|url=http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/14.11/atheism.html] prompted by a series of book releases in late 2006 including "
The God Delusion, Breaking the Spell, God is not Great", " The End of Faith" and" Letter to a Christian Nation. "As of August 2008 over 40,000 Brights have registered from 179 nations.
The Brights' Net
The Brights' Net web site serves as the hub of communication and action projects in the Brights movement.
The Brights' Net recommends project priorities and facilitates the formation of local groups, known as Brights' Local Constituencies (BLCs). There are BLCs in
London, Paris, several cities in the United Statesand Canada, and various other locations worldwide. [http://www.the-brights.net/community/blc/list.html]
However, Brights act autonomously in doing their part for the furtherance of the brights movement. No person or entity, including The Brights' Net Co-directors, can speak for all Brights.
Within the definition of "bright", many, but not all, brights also identify variously under other terms or identities, including atheist, humanist, secular humanist, freethinker, objectivist, rationalist, naturalist, materialist, agnostic, skeptic, apatheist and so on. One of the purposes of the Brights' Net is to include the umbrella term "bright" in the vocabulary of this existing "community of reason". [cite web| url=http://www.the-brights.net/vision/faq.html#8| title=What is the purpose of the Brights' Net? | work=Frequently Asked Questions| publisher=The Brights' Net|accessdate=2006-11-04]
However, "the broader intent is inclusive of the many-varied persons whose worldview is naturalistic" but are in the "general population", as opposed to associating solely with the "community of reason". So persons who can declare their naturalistic worldview using the term "bright" extend beyond the familiar secularist categories. Registrations even include some members of the clergy, such as
Presbyterianministers and a Church History Professor and ordained priest. Gayis succinct, uplifting, positive: an "up" word, where homosexual is a down word, and queer, faggot and pooftah are insults. Those of us who subscribe to no religion; those of us whose view of the universe is natural rather than supernatural; those of us who rejoice in the real and scorn the false comfort of the unreal, we need a word of our own, a word like "gay". ... Like gay, it should be a noun hijacked from an adjective, with its original meaning changed but not too much. Like gay, it should be catchy: a potentially prolific meme. Like gay, it should be positive, warm, cheerful, bright.
Despite the explicit difference between the noun and adjective, there have been comments on the comparison. In his "Wired" article Dawkins states, "Whether there is a statistical tendency for brights [noun] to be bright [adjective] is a matter for research."
Daniel Dennett, in his book " Breaking the Spell", suggests that if non-naturalists are concerned with this connotation of the word "bright", then they should invent an equally positive sounding word for themselves, like "supers" (i.e., one whose worldview contains supernaturalism). Geisert and Futrell maintain that the neologism has always had a kinship with the Enlightenment, a movement which celebrated science, free inquiry, and a spirit of skepticism; they have endorsed the use of "super" as the antonym to "bright".
Notable brights include biologists
Richard Dawkinsand Richard J. Roberts, cognitive scientist Steven Pinker, philosopher Daniel Dennett, and stage magicians and debunkers James Randi, Penn Jillette, and Teller. Other brights include Amy Alkon, Sheldon Lee Glashow, Babu Gogineni, Edwin Kagin, Mel Lipman, Air America Radiotalk show host Lioneland Massimo Pigliucci.
Criticism of the title
The movement has been criticised by some (both religious and non-religious) who have objected to the adoption of the title "bright" because they believe it suggests that the individuals with a naturalistic
worldvieware more intelligent ("brighter") than the religious.cite news| last = D'Souza| first = Dinesh| title = Not So 'Bright'| work = The Wall Street Journal| publisher = Dow Jones & Co.| date = 12-10-2003| url = http://www.opinionjournal.com/extra/?id=110004153| accessdate = 2007-11-30] For example, the Committee for Skeptical Inquirypublished an article by Chris Mooneytitled "Not Too 'Bright'" in which he stated that, although he agreed with the movement, Richard Dawkins' and Daniel Dennett's "campaign to rename religious unbelievers 'brights' could use some rethinking" because of the possibility that the term would be misinterpreted. [ [http://www.csicop.org/doubtandabout/brights/ Brights: Not Too "Bright" (Doubt and About) ] ] The journalist and noted atheist Christopher Hitchenslikewise found it a "cringe-making proposal that atheists should conceitedly nominate themselves to be called 'brights.'" [ [http://www.slate.com/id/2165033/entry/2165035/ Exclusive excerpts from Christopher Hitchens' God Is Not Great. - By Christopher Hitchens - Slate Magazine ] ]
Michael Shermer, who is an Enthusiastic Bright [cite web| title = Enthusiastic Brights| work = The-Brights.net| url = http://www.the-brights.net/people/enthusiastic/index2.html| accessdate = 2007-11-30] , has nevertheless resisted using the term to describe himself, saying, "I don't call myself a Bright.”
In response to this
Daniel Dennetthas stated in his book Breaking the Spell:
There was also a negative response, largely objecting to the term that had been chosen [not by me] : "bright", which seemed to imply that others were dim or stupid. But the term, modeled on the highly successful hijacking of the ordinary word "gay" by homosexuals, does not have to have that implication. Those who are not gays are not necessarily glum; they're "straight". Those who are not brights are not necessarily dim. [Dennett, Daniel. "Breaking The Spell" (2006). London: Penguin. p.21.]
Dennett goes on to pose the idea that "super" may serve well as a positive title for those who believe in the supernatural. He also suggested this during his presentation at the Atheist Alliance International '07 convention. [ [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gyyRAE7PDvw&feature=related YouTube - Dan Dennet: Award & Speech at AAI 07 pt1 of 2 ] ]
Religiosity and intelligence
* [http://www.the-brights.net/ The Brights' Net] – The originating hub of the Brights' Constituency
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