Brights movement


Brights movement

The Brights movement is a social movement that aims to promote public understanding and acknowledgment of the naturalistic world view. It was co-founded by Paul Geisert and Mynga Futrell in 2003. The noun 'bright' was coined by Geisert as a positive-sounding umbrella term, and Futrell defined it as "an individual whose worldview is naturalistic (free from supernatural and mystical elements)".cite web| url=http://www.the-brights.net/vision/faq.html#1| work=Frequently Asked Questions| publisher=The Brights' Net| title=Bright (n.)--What is the definition?| accessdate=2006-11-04]

This created the basis for a civic constituency to pursue the movement's three major aims:
# Promote public understanding and acknowledgment of the naturalistic worldview, which is free of supernatural and mystical elements.
# Gain public recognition that persons who hold such a worldview can bring principled actions to bear on matters of civic importance.
# Educate society toward accepting the full and equitable civic participation of all such people.

The brights movement has been formed as an Internet constituency of individuals. Its hub is The Brights' Net web site [ [http://www.the-brights.net The Brights' Net - Home Page ] ] , but each individual has autonomy to speak for him/herself. The Brights' Net's tagline is now: "Illuminating and Elevating the Naturalistic Worldview".

History

Paul Geisert was a biology teacher in Chicago in the 1960s, a professor in the 1970s, an entrepreneur and writer in the 1980s, and the co-developer of learning materials and a web site regarding teaching about religion in public schools in the 1990s. [http://www.teachingaboutreligion.org/]

In deciding to attend the "Godless Americans March on Washington" in 2002, Paul disliked the label "godless" and resolved to identify a better term to unite the "community of reason". He sought a new, positive word that might become well-accepted, in the same way that the term "gay" has come to mean "homosexual". In late 2002, Paul coined the noun "bright", but did not announce it immediately.

Working with Mynga Futrell, the co-founders of the brights movement wanted to connect and galvanize the many individuals who were non-religious, but who were not associated with the many philosophical organisations already in existence. To achieve this they created not only the definition of "a bright", but also the idea of a civic constituency that would coalesce through the Internet.

Having tested this idea during the early months of 2003, they launched the Brights Net website on June 4, 2003. The movement gained early publicity through articles by Richard Dawkins in "The Guardian" [cite news|title=The future looks bright|date=2003-06-21|publisher=The Guardian|url=http://books.guardian.co.uk/review/story/0,12084,981412,00.html] and "Wired", [cite news|title=Religion Be Damned|date=October 2003|publisher=Wired|url=http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/11.10/view.html?pg=2] and by Daniel Dennett in the "New York Times". [cite news|title=The Bright Stuff|date=2003-07-12|publisher=The New York Times|url=http://www.edge.org/3rd_culture/bright/bright_index.html] . Within a year, registered Brights numbered in five figures and spanned 85 nations.

The movement has continued to grow and experienced accelerated registrations following media debate around "new atheism" [cite news|title=The Church of the Non-Believers|date=November 2006|publisher=Wired|url=http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/14.11/atheism.html] prompted by a series of book releases in late 2006 including "The God Delusion, Breaking the Spell, God is not Great", "The End of Faith" and" Letter to a Christian Nation. "As of August 2008 over 40,000 Brights have registered from 179 nations.

The Brights' Net

The Brights' Net web site serves as the hub of communication and action projects in the Brights movement.

The Brights' Net recommends project priorities and facilitates the formation of local groups, known as Brights' Local Constituencies (BLCs). There are BLCs in London, Paris, several cities in the United States and Canada, and various other locations worldwide. [http://www.the-brights.net/community/blc/list.html]

However, Brights act autonomously in doing their part for the furtherance of the brights movement. No person or entity, including The Brights' Net Co-directors, can speak for all Brights.

Brights

Within the definition of "bright", many, but not all, brights also identify variously under other terms or identities, including atheist, humanist, secular humanist, freethinker, objectivist, rationalist, naturalist, materialist, agnostic, skeptic, apatheist and so on. One of the purposes of the Brights' Net is to include the umbrella term "bright" in the vocabulary of this existing "community of reason". [cite web| url=http://www.the-brights.net/vision/faq.html#8| title=What is the purpose of the Brights' Net? | work=Frequently Asked Questions| publisher=The Brights' Net|accessdate=2006-11-04]

However, "the broader intent is inclusive of the many-varied persons whose worldview is naturalistic" but are in the "general population", as opposed to associating solely with the "community of reason". So persons who can declare their naturalistic worldview using the term "bright" extend beyond the familiar secularist categories. Registrations even include some members of the clergy, such as Presbyterian ministers and a Church History Professor and ordained priest.

Dawkins' analogy in the aforementioned "Guardian" article is instructive, comparing the coining of "bright" to the "triumph of consciousness-raising" from the term "gay".

Gay is succinct, uplifting, positive: an "up" word, where homosexual is a down word, and queer, faggot and pooftah are insults. Those of us who subscribe to no religion; those of us whose view of the universe is natural rather than supernatural; those of us who rejoice in the real and scorn the false comfort of the unreal, we need a word of our own, a word like "gay". ... Like gay, it should be a noun hijacked from an adjective, with its original meaning changed but not too much. Like gay, it should be catchy: a potentially prolific meme. Like gay, it should be positive, warm, cheerful, bright.

Despite the explicit difference between the noun and adjective, there have been comments on the comparison. In his "Wired" article Dawkins states, "Whether there is a statistical tendency for brights [noun] to be bright [adjective] is a matter for research." Daniel Dennett, in his book "Breaking the Spell", suggests that if non-naturalists are concerned with this connotation of the word "bright", then they should invent an equally positive sounding word for themselves, like "supers" (i.e., one whose worldview contains supernaturalism). Geisert and Futrell maintain that the neologism has always had a kinship with the Enlightenment, a movement which celebrated science, free inquiry, and a spirit of skepticism; they have endorsed the use of "super" as the antonym to "bright".

Notable brights include biologists Richard Dawkins and Richard J. Roberts, cognitive scientist Steven Pinker, philosopher Daniel Dennett, and stage magicians and debunkers James Randi, Penn Jillette, and Teller. Other brights include Amy Alkon, Sheldon Lee Glashow, Babu Gogineni, Edwin Kagin, Mel Lipman, Air America Radio talk show host Lionel and Massimo Pigliucci.

Criticism of the title

The movement has been criticised by some (both religious and non-religious) who have objected to the adoption of the title "bright" because they believe it suggests that the individuals with a naturalistic worldview are more intelligent ("brighter") than the religious.cite news| last = D'Souza| first = Dinesh| title = Not So 'Bright'| work = The Wall Street Journal| publisher = Dow Jones & Co.| date = 12-10-2003| url = http://www.opinionjournal.com/extra/?id=110004153| accessdate = 2007-11-30] For example, the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry published an article by Chris Mooney titled "Not Too 'Bright'" in which he stated that, although he agreed with the movement, Richard Dawkins' and Daniel Dennett's "campaign to rename religious unbelievers 'brights' could use some rethinking" because of the possibility that the term would be misinterpreted. [ [http://www.csicop.org/doubtandabout/brights/ Brights: Not Too "Bright" (Doubt and About) ] ] The journalist and noted atheist Christopher Hitchens likewise found it a "cringe-making proposal that atheists should conceitedly nominate themselves to be called 'brights.'" [ [http://www.slate.com/id/2165033/entry/2165035/ Exclusive excerpts from Christopher Hitchens' God Is Not Great. - By Christopher Hitchens - Slate Magazine ] ]

Similarly, Michael Shermer, who is an Enthusiastic Bright [cite web| title = Enthusiastic Brights| work = The-Brights.net| url = http://www.the-brights.net/people/enthusiastic/index2.html| accessdate = 2007-11-30] , has nevertheless resisted using the term to describe himself, saying, "I don't call myself a Bright.”

In response to this Daniel Dennett has stated in his book Breaking the Spell:

There was also a negative response, largely objecting to the term that had been chosen [not by me] : "bright", which seemed to imply that others were dim or stupid. But the term, modeled on the highly successful hijacking of the ordinary word "gay" by homosexuals, does not have to have that implication. Those who are not gays are not necessarily glum; they're "straight". Those who are not brights are not necessarily dim. [Dennett, Daniel. "Breaking The Spell" (2006). London: Penguin. p.21.]

Dennett goes on to pose the idea that "super" may serve well as a positive title for those who believe in the supernatural. He also suggested this during his presentation at the Atheist Alliance International '07 convention. [ [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gyyRAE7PDvw&feature=related YouTube - Dan Dennet: Award & Speech at AAI 07 pt1 of 2 ] ]

ee also

* Out Campaign
* Religiosity and intelligence

References

External links

* [http://www.the-brights.net/ The Brights' Net] – The originating hub of the Brights' Constituency


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Penn & Teller — (Penn Fraser Jillette and Teller) are Las Vegas headliners whose act is an amalgam of illusion and comedy. Penn Jillette is a raconteur; Teller generally uses mime while performing, although his voice can occasionally be heard throughout their… …   Wikipedia

  • Mynga Futrell — is a Sacramento based activist and retired educator who is active in several fields. She holds a B.S. in Chemistry and Earth Science, M.S. in Natural Science and a Ph.D. in Curriculum and Instruction with a specialization in Science Education. In …   Wikipedia

  • Naturalism (philosophy) — This article is about the term that is used in philosophy. For other uses, see Naturalism (disambiguation). Part of a series on Irreligion …   Wikipedia

  • List of social movements — This is a partial list of social movements.* Abahlali baseMjondolo South African shack dwellers movement * Abolitionism * American Indian Movement (AIM) * Animal rights movement * Anti consumerism * Anti war movement * Anti globalization movement …   Wikipedia

  • List of politics topics — NOTOC TopicTOC Politics This is a list of political topics, including political science terms, political philosophies, political issues, etc. Politics is the process by which groups of people make decisions. Although the term is generally applied …   Wikipedia

  • New Atheism — Part of a series on Atheism …   Wikipedia

  • Richard Dawkins — Dawkins in 2010 at Cooper Union in New York City Born Clinton Richard Dawkins 26 March 1941 (1941 03 26) …   Wikipedia

  • History of atheism — Although the term atheism originated in the 16th century, based on Ancient Greek godless, denying the gods, ungodly [Modern translations of classical texts sometimes translate atheos as atheistic . As an abstract noun, there was also atheotēs (… …   Wikipedia

  • Out Campaign — The scarlet A The Out Campaign is a public awareness initiative for freethought and atheism. It was initiated by Dr. R. Elisabeth Cornwell, Executive Director of the Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason and Science, and is endorsed by Richard… …   Wikipedia

  • Secular ethics — is a branch of moral philosophy in which ethics is based solely on human faculties such as logic, reason or moral intuition, and not derived from purported supernatural revelation or guidance (which is the source of religious ethics). Secular… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.