- Frederick William Robertson
Frederick William Robertson (known as Robertson of Brighton) (
3 February 1816– 15 August 1853) was an English divine.
London, the first five years of his life were passed at Leith Fort, where his father, a captain in the Royal Artillery, was then resident. The military spirit entered into his blood, and throughout life he was characterized by the qualities of the ideal soldier. In 1821 Captain Robertson retired to Beverley, where the boy was educated. At the age of fourteen he spent a year at Tours, from which he returned to Scotland, and continued his education at the Edinburgh Academy and university.
In 1834 he was articled to a
solicitorin Bury St Edmunds, but the uncongenial and sedentary employment soon broke down his health. He was anxious for, a military career, and his name was placed upon the list of the 3rd Dragoons, then serving in India. For two years he worked hard in preparing for the army, but, by a singular conjunction of circumstances and at the sacrifice of his own natural bent to his father's wish, he matriculated at Brasenose College, Oxford, just two weeks before his commission was put into his hands.
He did not find Oxford wholly congenial to his intensely earnest spirit, but he read hard, and, as he afterwards said, "Plato, Aristotle, Butler, Thucydides, Sterne, Jonathan Edwards; passed like the iron atoms of the blood into my mental constitution." At the same time he made a careful study of the Bible, committing to memory the entire
New Testamentboth in English and in Greek. The Tractarian movementhad no attraction for him, although he admired some of its leaders.
He was at this time a moderate
Calvinistin doctrine, and enthusiastically evangelical. Ordained in July 1840 by the bishop of Winchester, he at once entered on ministerial work in that city, and during his ministry there and under the influence of the missionaries Henry Martynand David Brainerd, whose lives he studied, he carried devotional asceticismto an injurious length. In less than a year he was compelled to seek relaxation; and ‘going to Switzerland he there met and married Helen, third daughter of Sir George William Denys, Bart.
Early in 1842, after a few months' rest, he accepted a curacy in
Cheltenham, which he retained for upwards of four years. The questioning spirit was first aroused in him by the disappointing fruit of evangelical doctrine which he found in Cheltenham, as well as by intimacy with men of varied reading. But, if we are to judge from his own statement in a letter from Heidelbergin 1846, the doubts which now actively assailed him had long been latent in his mind. The crisis of his mental conflict had just been passed in Tirol, and he was now beginning to let his creed grow again from the one fixed point, which nothing had availed to shift:
"The one great certainty to which, in the midst of the darkest doubt, I never ceased to cling--the entire symmetry and loveliness and the unequalled nobleness of the humanity of the Son of Man."After this mental revolution he felt unable to return to Cheltenham, but after doing duty for two months at St Ebbe's,Oxford, he entered in August 1847 on his famous ministry at
Trinity Chapel, Brighton. Here he stepped at once into the foremost rank as a preacher, and his church was thronged with thoughtful men of all classes in society and of all shades of religious belief. His fine appearance, his flexible and sympathetic voice, his manifest. sincerity, the perfect lucidity and artistic symmetry of his address, and the brilliance with which he illustrated his points would have attracted hearers even had he had little to say. But he had much to say. He was not, indeed, a scientific theologian; but his insight into the principles of the spiritual life was unrivalled. As his biographer says, thousands found in his sermons "a living source of impulse, a practical direction of thought, a key to many of the problems of theology, and above all a path to spiritual freedom." His closing years were full of sadness. His sensitive nature was subjected to extreme suffering, arising mainly from the opposition aroused by his sympathy with the revolutionary ideas of the 1848 epoch. Moreover, he was crippled by incipient disease of the brain, which at first inflicted unconquerable lassitude and depression, and latterly agonizing pain. On 5 June 1853he preached for the last time, and on 15 Augusthe died.
Robertson's published works include five volumes of sermons, two volumes of expository lectures, on
Genesisand on the epistles to the Corinthians, a volume of miscellaneous addresses, and an "Analysis of "In Memoriam." See "Life and Letters" by Stopford A Brooke (1865).
* [http://www.fwrobertson.com www.FWRobertson.com]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
William Robertson (disambiguation) — William Robertson or Bill Robertson is a name also shared by the following individuals:Public officials*William Robertson (politician) (ca. 1760 ndash;1806), Scottish immigrant who became prominent in Upper Canada business and politics *William J … Wikipedia
Frederick William — The name Frederick William usually refers to several monarchs of the Hohenzollern dynasty: *Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg (1620 1688) *Frederick William I (1688 1740), King of Prussia *Frederick William II (1744 1797), King of Prussia … Wikipedia
Frederick William Wallace — (11 December 1886 15 July 1958) was a journalist, photographer, historian and novelist. He was the author of Wooden Ships and Iron Men a now classic 1924 book about the last days of the Age of Sail in Maritime Canada. Born in Glasgow, Scotland,… … Wikipedia
William Robertson — Infobox Military Person name=Sir William Robertson, Bt lived=29 January 1860 ndash; 12 February 1933 placeofbirth= Welbourn, Lincolnshire placeofdeath= London caption=Field Marshal Sir William Robertson nickname= allegiance=flagicon|United… … Wikipedia
William Robertson, 1. Baronet — Sir William Robertson, 1. Baronet of Beaconsfield Sir William Robert Robertson, 1. Baronet of Beaconsfield, GCB, GCMG, GCVO, DSO (* 29. Januar 1860 in Welbourn, Lincolnshire; † 12. Februar 1933 in London) war Chef des Imperialen Genera … Deutsch Wikipedia
Robertson, Frederick William — ▪ British clergyman byname Robertson Of Brighton born Feb. 3, 1816, London died Aug. 15, 1853, Brighton, Sussex, Eng. Anglican clergyman who became widely popular particularly among the working class because of the oratory and… … Universalium
Robertson, Frederick William — (1816 1853) Divine, s. of Captain Frederick R., of the Royal Artillery, was b. in London, and ed. at Edin. and Oxf. After holding various curacies he became in 1847 incumbent of Trinity Chapel, Brighton, where his preaching, though it brought… … Short biographical dictionary of English literature
ROBERTSON, FREDERICK WILLIAM — distinguished preacher, born in London; a graduate of Brasenose College, Oxford, entered the Church in 1840, was curate first at Winchester, next at Cheltenham, and finally settled in Brighton; is known far and wide by his printed sermons for… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Frederick the Great — Frederick II Frederick II, aged 68, by Anton Graff King of Prussia Elector of Brandenburg Reign … Wikipedia
Frederick Maurice — Frederick Barton Maurice, 1. Baronet GCB GCMG GCVO DSO (* 19. Januar 1871 in Dublin; † 19. Mai 1951 in Cambridge) war ein britischer General im Ersten Weltkrieg. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 1.1 Aufstieg und Fall im Ersten Weltkrieg … Deutsch Wikipedia