Kingswear


Kingswear

infobox UK place
country= England
official_name= Kingswear
latitude= 50.348
longitude= -3.573
population= 1,322 (Parish)
shire_county= Devon
shire_district= South Hams
civil_parish= Kingswear
region= South West England
os_grid_reference= SX881510

Kingswear is a village and civil parish in the South Hams area of the English county of Devon. The village is located on the east bank of the tidal River Dart, close to the river's mouth and opposite the small town of Dartmouth. It lies within the South Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.

Kingswear is noted for being the railhead for Dartmouth, a role continued to this day by the presence of the Paignton and Dartmouth Steam Railway in the village. Two vehicle ferries and one pedestrian ferry provide links to Dartmouth.

The village itself contains several small tourist-oriented shops and public houses, and is home to the Royal Dart Yacht Club. Kingswear Castle, a privately owned 15th century artillery tower is situated on the outskirts. Kingswear also contains a church, which is a member of the Anglican Diocese of Exeter and whose patron saint is Saint Thomas of Canterbury.

History

Kingswear is not mentioned in the Domesday Book. However it is believed that the settlement of Kingston, in the civil parish about convert|1|mi to the east of the village, dates from the time of the Anglo-Saxons, with evidence of Stone Age settlers. The first documentary mention of Kingswear was c.1170 when William de Vinci gave the local church half of the land in the village.cite web | url = http://www.kingswear-devon.co.uk/history.htm | title = History | publisher = Kingswear community web site | accessdate = 2008-09-23 ]

After the murder of Thomas à Beckett in 1170, Becket's tomb in Canterbury became a place of pilgrimage. Pilgrims travelling by sea from further west, and from Brittany, were known to use Kingswear as a landing place. The current church was built, and dedicated to St Thomas, as a staging point on the pilgrim route. The church was rebuilt in 1847.cite web | url = http://www.kingswear-devon.co.uk/history.htm | title = History | publisher = Kingswear community web site | accessdate = 2008-09-23 ] cite web | url = http://uk.geocities.com/kingswearparishchurch/page3.html | title = Then & Now | publisher = Kingswear Parish Church web site | accessdate = 2008-09-23 ]

By 1365 a ferry was operating from Kittery Point, the western most tip of Kingswear, to Dartmouth. In 1636, settlers sailed from here to the mouth of the Piscataqua River in North America to found the town now known as Kittery, Maine.cite web | url = http://www.kingswear-devon.co.uk/history.htm | title = History | publisher = Kingswear community web site | accessdate = 2008-09-23 ]

In 1864 the Dartmouth and Torbay Railway reached Kingswear, providing connections to Exeter and London. The line became part of the Great Western Railway in 1876. The planned extension across the river to Dartmouth never took place, and instead rail passengers used a railway owned ferry. The Royal Dart Hotel was constructed adjacent to the station, and provided accommodation for passengers waiting to sail to overseas destinations.cite web | url = http://www.kingswear-devon.co.uk/history.htm | title = History | publisher = Kingswear community web site | accessdate = 2008-09-23 ] cite book| last = Potts| first = C R| title = The Newton Abbot to Kingswear Railway (1844 - 1988)| publisher = Oakwood Press| date = 1998| location = Oxford| id = ISBN 0-853613-87-7]

During the Second World War the Royal Dart Hotel became HMS Cicala and headquarters of the British 15th Destroyer Flotilla. Journeys were made from there to the northern beaches of Brittany, landing agents and equipment for the French Resistance and bringing back escaping allied soldiers and airmen. The Free French Navy operated motor launches and motor torpedo boats from Kingswear and was based in Brookhill, a large house dating from about 1820 on the outskirts of the village.cite web | url = http://www.kingswear-devon.co.uk/history.htm | title = History | publisher = Kingswear community web site | accessdate = 2008-09-23 ]

In 1948 the railway became the Kingswear branch of the newly nationalised British Rail, but by 1968 the closure of the line was being proposed. Instead, the line was purchased by a private company. Since 1973, the line has operated a seasonal steam operated service, principally as a tourist attraction. The line is now known as the Paignton and Dartmouth Steam Railway.cite web | url = http://www.kingswear-devon.co.uk/history.htm | title = History | publisher = Kingswear community web site | accessdate = 2008-09-23 ] cite book| last = Potts| first = C R| title = The Newton Abbot to Kingswear Railway (1844 - 1988)| publisher = Oakwood Press| date = 1998| location = Oxford| id = ISBN 0-853613-87-7]

In 2007 the village briefly figured in the national press when the parish council co-opted British National Party member Peter Pirnie as a councillor. He resigned after a row broke out over his party affiliation.cite web | title = Equality fight on BNP councillor | url = http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/devon/6765343.stm | publisher = BBC | accessdate = 2008-09-21]

Demographics

As of the year 2001, the parish had a population of 1,332. The equivalent figures for 1801 and 1901 are 300 and 841, and the figure for 2001 is the highest census return over the last 200 years.cite web | url = http://www.devon.gov.uk/localstudies/111880/1.html | title = Census statistics 1801-2001 Devon parishes K | publisher = Devon County Council | date = 2007-06-18 | accessdate = 2008-09-21]

Transport

Kingswear railway station is located on the river front in the centre of Kingswear, and is the terminus of the Paignton and Dartmouth Steam Railway, a seasonally operated heritage railway. The nearest National Rail stations are Totnes station, on the main line from Exeter to Plymouth, and Paignton station, the terminus of a branch from Newton Abbott. The steam railway's Paignton terminus is adjacent to the National Rail station. Bus services operated by Stagecoach connect Kingswear with Brixham and Paignton, and other bus services in Dartmouth can be reached by ferry.

Kingswear is linked to Dartmouth, on the other side of the River Dart, by three ferries. The Higher Ferry and the Lower Ferry are both vehicular ferries. The Passenger Ferry, as its name suggests, carries only passengers. The nearest bridge across the Dart is in Totnes, some convert|12|mi away by road.cite web | url = http://www.dartharbour.org/harbour-river-guide/ferries/ | title = Dart Harbour : Ferries | publisher = The Dart Harbour and Navigation Authority | accessdate = 2008-09-18 ]

The convert|630|mi|adj=on long South West Coast Path crosses from Dartmouth on the ferry and then follows the coast around towards Brixham.

Films and television

In recent history, Kingswear and the River Dart were used as filming locations for the movie The French Lieutenant's Woman, the TV series The Onedin Line, and also Down to Earth, though the latter was mainly for shots of neighbouring Dartmouth.

References

External links

* [http://www.kingswear-devon.co.uk/ Kingswear community web site]



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kingswear — ist ein Ort in den South Hams in der südenglischen Grafschaft Devon. Er liegt am Ostufer der Mündung des Dart River und hat rund 1400 Einwohner. Kingswear ist bekannt als Endpunkt der Paignton and Dartmouth Steam Railway. Per Fähre gelangt man… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kingswear Castle — was built between 1491 1502, as a coastal artillery tower for use with heavy cannon. It is located in Devon, England.Due to the limited range of cannon at the time, the fort at Kingswear was designed to work alongside Dartmouth Castle on the… …   Wikipedia

  • Kingswear railway station — UK stations name = Kingswear manager = Paignton and Dartmouth Steam Railway locale = Kingswear borough = Torbay latitude =50.34882 longitude = 3.57253 start = 1864 events = Opened platforms = 2Kingswear railway station is the terminus of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Kingswear Regatta — The Kingswear Regatta was held in August 2006 in Kingswear, England, for the first time in 100 years. HistoryThe Dartmouth Chronicle and Advertiser reported on the 4th annual Waterhead Creek Regatta in October 1893. The headline ran “When… …   Wikipedia

  • Church of St Thomas of Canterbury, Kingswear — The Church of St Thomas of Canterbury is situated in the village of Kingswear in the English county of Devon, it stands in a slightly elevated position at the junction of Higher Street and Church Hill close to the railway station and the… …   Wikipedia

  • PS Kingswear Castle — The PS Kingswear Castle is a steamship. It is a coal fired river paddle steamer, dating from 1924 with engines from 1904. It now runs summer excursions on the River Medway and the Thames. The Kingswear Castle was built by Philip Son’s of… …   Wikipedia

  • Disused railway stations (Newton Abbot to Kingswear Line) — Newton Abbot to Kingswear Legend …   Wikipedia

  • Paignton and Dartmouth Steam Railway — Heritage Railway name = Paignton and Dartmouth Steam Railway locale = Paignton, Devon, England terminus = Kingswear builtby = Dartmouth and Torbay Railway originalgauge = RailGauge|ussg preservedgauge = RailGauge|ussg linename = Kingswear branch… …   Wikipedia

  • NCI Froward Point — The Brownstone Battery complex from across the Dart estuary. The Froward Point lookout is the building with the flag pole NCI Froward Point is a busy National Coastwatch Institution (NCI) lookout station at Froward Point[1][2] …   Wikipedia

  • Dartmouth, Devon — Coordinates: 50°21′04″N 3°34′44″W / 50.351°N 3.579°W / 50.351; 3.579 …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.