infobox UK place
population= 1,322 (Parish)
region= South West England
Kingswear is a
villageand civil parishin the South Hamsarea of the English county of Devon. The village is located on the east bank of the tidal River Dart, close to the river's mouth and opposite the small town of Dartmouth. It lies within the South Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.
Kingswear is noted for being the
railheadfor Dartmouth, a role continued to this day by the presence of the Paignton and Dartmouth Steam Railwayin the village. Two vehicle ferries and one pedestrian ferry provide links to Dartmouth.
The village itself contains several small tourist-oriented shops and
public houses, and is home to the Royal Dart Yacht Club. Kingswear Castle, a privately owned 15th century artillery tower is situated on the outskirts. Kingswear also contains a church, which is a member of the Anglican Diocese of Exeterand whose patron saintis Saint Thomas of Canterbury.
Kingswear is not mentioned in the
Domesday Book. However it is believed that the settlement of Kingston, in the civil parish about convert|1|mi to the east of the village, dates from the time of the Anglo-Saxons, with evidence of Stone Agesettlers. The first documentary mention of Kingswear was c.1170 when William de Vinci gave the local church half of the land in the village.cite web | url = http://www.kingswear-devon.co.uk/history.htm | title = History | publisher = Kingswear community web site | accessdate = 2008-09-23 ]
After the murder of
Thomas à Beckettin 1170, Becket's tomb in Canterburybecame a place of pilgrimage. Pilgrims travelling by sea from further west, and from Brittany, were known to use Kingswear as a landing place. The current church was built, and dedicated to St Thomas, as a staging point on the pilgrim route. The church was rebuilt in 1847.cite web | url = http://www.kingswear-devon.co.uk/history.htm | title = History | publisher = Kingswear community web site | accessdate = 2008-09-23 ] cite web | url = http://uk.geocities.com/kingswearparishchurch/page3.html | title = Then & Now | publisher = Kingswear Parish Church web site | accessdate = 2008-09-23 ]
By 1365 a ferry was operating from Kittery Point, the western most tip of Kingswear, to Dartmouth. In 1636, settlers sailed from here to the mouth of the
Piscataqua Riverin North Americato found the town now known as Kittery, Maine.cite web | url = http://www.kingswear-devon.co.uk/history.htm | title = History | publisher = Kingswear community web site | accessdate = 2008-09-23 ]
In 1864 the
Dartmouth and Torbay Railwayreached Kingswear, providing connections to Exeterand London. The line became part of the Great Western Railwayin 1876. The planned extension across the river to Dartmouth never took place, and instead rail passengers used a railway owned ferry. The Royal Dart Hotel was constructed adjacent to the station, and provided accommodation for passengers waiting to sail to overseas destinations.cite web | url = http://www.kingswear-devon.co.uk/history.htm | title = History | publisher = Kingswear community web site | accessdate = 2008-09-23 ] cite book| last = Potts| first = C R| title = The Newton Abbot to Kingswear Railway (1844 - 1988)| publisher = Oakwood Press| date = 1998| location = Oxford| id = ISBN 0-853613-87-7]
Second World Warthe Royal Dart Hotel became HMS Cicalaand headquarters of the British 15th Destroyer Flotilla. Journeys were made from there to the northern beaches of Brittany, landing agents and equipment for the French Resistanceand bringing back escaping allied soldiers and airmen. The Free French Navyoperated motor launches and motor torpedo boats from Kingswear and was based in Brookhill, a large house dating from about 1820 on the outskirts of the village.cite web | url = http://www.kingswear-devon.co.uk/history.htm | title = History | publisher = Kingswear community web site | accessdate = 2008-09-23 ]
In 1948 the railway became the Kingswear branch of the newly nationalised
British Rail, but by 1968 the closure of the line was being proposed. Instead, the line was purchased by a private company. Since 1973, the line has operated a seasonal steam operated service, principally as a tourist attraction. The line is now known as the Paignton and Dartmouth Steam Railway.cite web | url = http://www.kingswear-devon.co.uk/history.htm | title = History | publisher = Kingswear community web site | accessdate = 2008-09-23 ] cite book| last = Potts| first = C R| title = The Newton Abbot to Kingswear Railway (1844 - 1988)| publisher = Oakwood Press| date = 1998| location = Oxford| id = ISBN 0-853613-87-7]
In 2007 the village briefly figured in the national press when the parish council co-opted
British National Partymember Peter Pirnie as a councillor. He resigned after a row broke out over his party affiliation.cite web | title = Equality fight on BNP councillor | url = http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/devon/6765343.stm | publisher = BBC| accessdate = 2008-09-21]
As of the year 2001, the parish had a
populationof 1,332. The equivalent figures for 1801 and 1901 are 300 and 841, and the figure for 2001 is the highest census return over the last 200 years.cite web | url = http://www.devon.gov.uk/localstudies/111880/1.html | title = Census statistics 1801-2001 Devon parishes K | publisher = Devon County Council | date = 2007-06-18 | accessdate = 2008-09-21]
Kingswear railway stationis located on the river front in the centre of Kingswear, and is the terminus of the Paignton and Dartmouth Steam Railway, a seasonally operated heritage railway. The nearest National Railstations are Totnes station, on the main line from Exeterto Plymouth, and Paignton station, the terminus of a branch from Newton Abbott. The steam railway's Paignton terminus is adjacent to the National Rail station. Bus services operated by Stagecoachconnect Kingswear with Brixhamand Paignton, and other bus services in Dartmouth can be reached by ferry.
Kingswear is linked to Dartmouth, on the other side of the River Dart, by three ferries. The Higher Ferry and the Lower Ferry are both vehicular ferries. The Passenger Ferry, as its name suggests, carries only passengers. The nearest bridge across the Dart is in
Totnes, some convert|12|mi away by road.cite web | url = http://www.dartharbour.org/harbour-river-guide/ferries/ | title = Dart Harbour : Ferries | publisher = The Dart Harbour and Navigation Authority | accessdate = 2008-09-18 ]
The convert|630|mi|adj=on long
South West Coast Pathcrosses from Dartmouth on the ferry and then follows the coast around towards Brixham.
Films and television
In recent history, Kingswear and the River Dart were used as filming locations for the movie The French Lieutenant's Woman, the TV series
The Onedin Line, and also Down to Earth, though the latter was mainly for shots of neighbouring Dartmouth.
* [http://www.kingswear-devon.co.uk/ Kingswear community web site]
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