Dinar


Dinar
Nations in dark green currently use the dinar. Nations in light green previously used the dinar. Yugoslavian states are inset to the lower left.

The dinar is the official currency of several countries.

The history of the dinar dates to the gold dinar, an early Islamic coin corresponding to the Byzantine denarius auri. The gold dinar has been revived as a bullion gold coin called the Islamic gold dinar.

Contents

Etymology

Serbian silver Dinar during reign of Stephen Uroš I of Serbia in 13th century

The word 'dinar' in English is borrowed from the Arabic dīnār, which in turn was borrowed from Greek δηνάριον, itself from Latin dēnārius (q.v.).[1]

Legal tender

100 Serbian dinars bearing the likeness of Serbian scientist Nikola Tesla.

Countries currently using the dinar or similar

Countries Currency ISO 4217 code
 Algeria Algerian dinar DZD
 Bahrain Bahraini dinar BHD
 Iraq Iraqi dinar IQD
 Jordan Jordanian dinar JOD
 Kuwait Kuwaiti dinar KWD
 Libya Libyan dinar LYD
 Macedonia Macedonian denar MKD
 Malaysia Kelantanese dinar MYD
 Serbia Serbian dinar RSD
 Tunisia Tunisian dinar TND

Countries and regions which have previously used the dinar

A mancus or gold dinar of the English king Offa of Mercia (757–796), a copy of the dinars of the Abbasid Caliphate (774). It combines the Latin legend OFFA REX with Arabic legends. (British Museum)

The 8th century English king Offa of Mercia minted copies of Abbasid dinars struck in 774 by Caliph Al-Mansur with "Offa Rex" centered on the reverse.[2][3] The moneyer visibly had no understanding of Arabic as the Arabic text contains many errors. Such coins may have been produced in order to trade with Islamic Spain.

See also

References

  1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, Second edition, 1989, s.v. dinar; online version November 2010
  2. ^ British Museum
  3. ^ Medieval European Coinage By Philip Grierson p.330 [1]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • dinar — dinar …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Dinar — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para la antigua aerolínea argentina, véase Dinar Líneas Aéreas. El dinar es la unidad monetaria de diversos estados del mundo, la mayoría de los cuales de lengua árabe o que antiguamente habían formado parte del… …   Wikipedia Español

  • DINAR — Ce n’est qu’à la fin du VIIe siècle qu’apparaît une monnaie d’or purement musulmane, le dinar (ou denarius , denier). Le dinar, de forme circulaire, portait d’un côté une invocation pieuse, de l’autre le nom et les titres du prince qui l’avait… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • dinar — DINÁR, dinari, s.m. 1. Monedă de aur sau de argint de origine arabă, care a circulat în trecut şi în Europa. 2. Unitate monetară curentă în Iugoslavia, Algeria, Iordania etc. – Din ngr. dinárion, fr. dinar. Trimis de LauraGellner, 13.07.2004.… …   Dicționar Român

  • dinar — dȉnār m DEFINICIJA 1. bank. osnovna novčana jedinica u mnogim zemljama u prošlosti i sadašnjosti (u SFRJ do 1991, SRJ, Alžiru, Bahreinu, Iraku, Jordanu, Kuvajtu, Libiji, Tunisu, Južnom Jemenu); manje jedinice nazivaju se različito u SFRJ 1 dinar… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Dinar — Di nar (d[imac] n[ e]r or d[ e]*n[aum]r ), n. [Ar. d[imac]n[=a]r, from Gr. dhna rion, fr. L. denarius. See {Denier}.] 1. A petty money of accounts of Persia; 100 dinars consituted a rial. [1913 Webster] 2. An ancient gold coin of the East, issued …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Dinar — Dinar, 1) arabische Goldmünze nach dem byzantinischen Denarius (s. Aureus), von Abdalmalek 685 zuerst u. später auch in Indien geprägt, hat sich bis in die neueren Zeiten erhalten; beide Seiten sind mit Inschriften bedeckt; 2) persische Rechnungs …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • dinàr(ić) — m hip. pejor. od dinar ⃞ {{001f}}(zaraditi, dobiti itd.) koji ∼ nevelika, ali dobrodošla zarada …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • diñar — Se conjuga como: amar Infinitivo: Gerundio: Participio: diñar diñando diñado     Indicativo   presente imperfecto pretérito futuro condicional yo tú él, ella, Ud. nosotros vosotros ellos, ellas, Uds. diño diñas diña diñamos diñáis diñan diñaba… …   Wordreference Spanish Conjugations Dictionary

  • dinar — Middle Eastern unit of currency, 1630s, from Arabic dinar, from late Gk. denarion, from L. denarius (see DENARIUS (Cf. denarius)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • dinar — (Del ár. clás. dīnār, y este del lat. denarĭus, denario, moneda romana). 1. m. Moneda árabe de oro, que se acuñó desde fines del siglo VII, y cuyo peso era de poco más de cuatro gramos. 2. Moneda y unidad monetaria de Argelia, Bahréin, Iraq,… …   Diccionario de la lengua española


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