Pope Innocent IX


Pope Innocent IX

Infobox Pope|English name=Innocent IX|Latin name=Innocenzo PP. IX


birth_name=Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti
term_start=October 29, 1591|term_end=December 30, 1591
predecessor=Gregory XIV|successor=Clement VIII
birth_date=birth date|1519|7|20|mf=y|birthplace=Bologna, Italy
dead=dead|death_date=death date and age|1591|12|30|1519|7|20|mf=y|deathplace=Rome, Italy
other=Innocent

Pope Innocent IX (July 20, 1519 – December 30, 1591), born Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti, was Pope from October 29, 1591 through his death on December 30 of the same year. Prior to his short papacy, he had been a Canon Lawyer, diplomat, and chief administrator during the reign of Pope Gregory XIV (1590-1591).

Biography

Facchinetti was born in Crodo, in the diocese of Novara, northern Italy. He was a lawyer, a graduate in 1544 of the University of Bologna, which was pre-eminent in jurisprudence, and became secretary to Cardinal Nicolò Ardinghelli before entering the service of Cardinal Alessandro Farnese, brother of the Duke of Parma and nephew of Pope Paul III (1534-1549), one of the great patrons of the time. The Cardinal, who was archbishop of Avignon, sent Facchinetti there as his ecclesiastical representative and subsequently recalled him to the management of his affairs at Parma, where he was acting governor of the city, from 1556 to 1558. In 1560, Facchinetti was named Bishop of Nicastro, in Calabria, and in 1562 was present at the Council of Trent. Pope Pius V (1566-1572) sent him as papal nuncio to Venice in 1566 to further the papal alliance with Spain and Venice against the Turks, which ultimately resulted in the victory of Lepanto in 1571. Relinquishing his see to pursue his career in Rome, he was named titular Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem in 1572.

Papal administration

During the reign of the sickly Gregory XIV, who suffered from bouts of malaria, the burden of the papal administration rested on his shoulders. Even before Gregory XIV breathed his last, Spanish and anti-Spanish factions were electioneering for the next Pope. Philip II of Spain's (1556-1598) high-handed interference at the previous conclave was not forgotten: he had barred all but seven cardinals. This time the Spanish party in the College of Cardinals did not go so far, but they still controlled a majority, and after a quick conclave they raised Facchinetti to the papal chair as Pope Innocent IX. Mindful of the origin of his success, Innocent IX supported, during his two months' pontificate, the cause of Philip II and the Catholic League against Henry IV of France (1589-1610) in the civil Wars of Religion (1562-1598), where a papal army was in the field. Death, however, did not permit the realization of Innocent IX's schemes.

His great-nephew Cardinal Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti de Nuce, juniore, was one of two Cardinals appointed during the weeks of Innocent IX's pontificate. A later member of the Cardinalate was his great-grand-nephew Cesare Facchinetti (made a Cardinal in 1643).

ee also

*Popes named Innocent

External links

*
* [http://www.fiu.edu/~mirandas/bios1583.htm The Cardinals]
* [http://www.cravegna.it/chiesa/index.htm Cravegna official website] (in Italian)


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pope Innocent I —     Pope Innocent I     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Innocent I     Date of birth unknown; died 12 March, 417. Before his elevation to the Chair of Peter, very little is known concerning the life of this energetic pope, so zealous for the… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Innocent XI —     Pope Innocent XI     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Innocent XI     (Benedetto Odescalchi)     Born at Como, 16 May, 1611; died at Rome, 11 August, 1689. He was educated by the Jesuits at Como, and studied jurisprudence at Rome and Naples.… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Innocent II —     Pope Innocent II     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Innocent II     (Gregorio Papereschi)     Elected 14 Feb., 1130; died 24 Sept., 1143. He was a native of Rome and belonged to the ancient family of the Guidoni. His father s name is given as …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Innocent IV —     Pope Innocent IV     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Innocent IV     (Sinibaldo de Fieschi)     Count of Lavagna, born at Genoa, date unknown; died at Naples, 7 December, 1254. He was educated at Parma and Bologna. For some time he taught… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Innocent X —     Pope Innocent X     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Innocent X     (Giambattista Pamfili)     Born at Rome, 6 May, 1574; died there, 7 January, 1655. His parents were Camillo Pamfili and Flaminia de Bubalis. The Pamfili resided originally at… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Innocent VI —     Pope Innocent VI     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Innocent VI     (ETIENNE AUBERT)     Born at Mont in the Diocese of Limoges (France); elected at Avignon, 18 December 1352; died there, 12 September, 1362. He began his career as professor… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Innocent V —     Pope Bl. Innocent V     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Bl. Innocent V     (PETRUS A TARENTASIA)     Born in Tarentaise, towards 1225; elected at Arezzo, 21 January, 1276; died at Rome, 22 June, 1276. Tarentaise on the upper Isère in south… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Innocent IX —     Pope Innocent IX     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Innocent IX     (Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti)     Born at Bologna, 22 July, 1519; elected, 29 October, 1591; died at Rome, 30 December, 1591. After successful studies in jurisprudence in… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Innocent XI — Infobox pope|English name=Innocent XI Latin name=Innocens PP. XI birth name=Benedetto Odescalchi term start=September 21 1676 term end=August 12 1689 predecessor=Clement X successor=Alexander VIII birth date=birth date|1611|5|16|mf=y… …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Innocent X — Infobox pope|English name=Innocent X Latin name=Innocens PP. X birth name=Giovanni Battista Pamphilj or Pamphili term start=September 15, 1644 term end=January 7, 1655 predecessor=Urban VIII successor=Alexander VII birth date=birth… …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Innocent II — Infobox Pope English name=Innocent II birth name=Gregorio Papareschi term start=February 14, 1130 term end=September 24, 1143 predecessor=Honorius II successor=Celestine II birth date=??? birthplace= Rome, Italy dead=dead|death date=death… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.