Treaty of Union


Treaty of Union

The Treaty of Union is the name given to the agreement that led to the creation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain, [ [http://www.parliament.uk/actofunion/ Welcome] parliament.uk, accessed 7 October, 2008] the political union of England (including Wales) and Scotland, that took effect on 1 May, 1707. The details of the Treaty were agreed on 22 July 1706, [ [http://www.parliament.uk/about/images/historical/1707union.cfm Articles of Union with Scotland 1707] www.parliament.uk ] leading to Acts of Union being passed by the separate parliaments of England and Scotland.

The Treaty consisted of 25 articles. [ [http://www.scotshistoryonline.co.uk/union.html The Treaty (act) of the Union of Parliament 1706] , "Scots History Online"]

Article 1 provided for the new united Kingdom to be named Great Britain.

Article 2 provided for the succession of the House of Hanover, and for Protestant succession as set out in the English Act of Settlement.

Article 3 provide for the creation of the one, unified, parliament of Great Britain.

Articles 4–18 dealt with aspects of trade, movement, taxes, regulation etc to ensure equal treatment for all subjects of the new United Kingdom.

Article 19 provided for the continuation of Scotland's separate legal system.

Article 20 provided for the protection of heritable offices, superiorities, heritable jurisdictions, offices for life, and jurisdictions for life after the union.

Article 21 provided for the protection of the rights of royal burghs.

Article 22 provided for Scotland representation in the Parliament of Great Britain to be 16 Lords and 45 MPs.

Article 23 provided for Scotland's peers to have the same rights as English peers in any trials of peers.

Article 24 provided for the creation of a new Great Seal for the United Kingdom, different for the Great Seal of England (but that the English one could be used until it was created.)

Article 25 provides that all laws of either Kingdom that may be inconsistent with the Articles in the Treaty are to be declared void.

References


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